Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Also, Ashteroth-Karnaim (עַשְׁתְּרֹת קַרְנַיִם, ashteroth qarnayim), “Ashteroth of the two horns.” The place where Chedorlaomer and his allies defeated the Rephaim; probably the same city as the capital of Og, king of Bashan.
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Karnaim. Town situated along the King’s Highway and along one of the northeastern tributaries of the Yarmuk River, 22 miles east of the Sea of Galilee on the Transjordan plateau. The prophet Amos prophesied against Karnaim (also spelled Carnaim), foretelling its impending destruction on account of its
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Ashteroth-Karnaim ash’tə-roth kär-nā’əm [Heb. ‘ašterôṯ—‘Ashteroth of two horns’]. A city of the Rephidim “subdued” by Chedorlaomer (Gen. 14:5). Modern scholars understand the name to mean either “Ashtaroth near Karnaim” or a location near Ashtaroth with the name Ashteroth-karnaim. In either event,
Karnaim kär-nāʹəm [Heb. qarnāyim] (Am. 6:13); AV HORNS; NEB POWER; cf. NEB mg A city in north Gilead; modern Sheikh Sa’d, Syria, perhaps identical with Ashteroth-karnaim of Gen. 14:5 and Carnaim of 1 Macc. 5:26, 43f.; 2 Macc. 12:21, 26. The NEB rendering underlines the play on the meanings of Karnaim,
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
ASHTEROTH-KARNAIM City where a coalition of four kings led by Chedorlaomer, king of Elam, defeated the tribe of Rephaim giants (Gn 14:5; cf. Dt 3:11). The area was part of the inheritance given to Abraham and his descendants by the Lord (Gn 15:18–20). It is probably identifiable with Ashtaroth. See Ashtaroth,
KARNAIM Town situated along the King’s Highway and along one of the northeastern tributaries of the Yarmuk River, 22 miles (35.4 kilometers) east of the Sea of Galilee on the Transjordan Plateau. The prophet Amos prophesied against Karnaim (also spelled Carnaim), foretelling its impending destruction
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
ASHTEROTH-KARNAIM. A city in Bashan occupied by the Rephaim, prehistoric inhabitants of Canaan (Gen 14:5), and apparently dedicated to the worship of the primary female deity of the Canaanites, the goddess of fertility. By Hellenistic times Atargatis, the Syrian goddess, may have been worshiped there
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
ASHTEROTH-KARNAIM. A city inhabited by the Rephaim, sacked by Chedorlaomer in the time of Abraham (Gn. 14:5). Some scholars interpret the name as ‘Astarte of the Two Horns’ and identify this goddess with representations in art of a female with two horns of which Palestinian examples have been found at
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Ashteroth-Karnaim (Heb. ʿaštĕrôṯ qarnayim)The place where Chedorlaomer and his allies defeated the Rephaim (Gen. 14:5).Because of the similarity of the names and because Og, king of Bashan, was among the last of the Rephaim (Deut. 3:11; Josh. 12:4; 13:12), Ashteroth-karnaim may be the same as Ashtaroth
Karnaim (Heb. qarnāyɩ́m; Gk. Karnaim)A fortress-city in Gilead. Located at modern Tell Sheikh Ṣa ʿd/Tel Ṣaʿd (247249), on a northern tributary of the middle Yarmuk River ca. 32 km. (20 mi.) E of the Sea of Galilee and 5 km. (3 mi.) N of Ashtaroth, it is perhaps identical with postexilic Carnaim (1
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Karnaim [kärnāˊəm] (Heb. qarnāyim “two horns” or “peaks”).† A fortress-city in Gilead. Located at modern Sheikh Sa˓d, on a northern tributary of the middle Yarmuk river about 32 km. (20 mi.) east of the Sea of Galilee and 5 km. (3 mi.) north of Ashtaroth), it is identical with Ashteroth-Karnaim
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Ashtaroth; Ashteroth Karnaim
ASHTAROTH; ASHTEROTH KARNAIM The capital of the kingdom of Og, King of the Bashan (Josh. 9:10, etc.). After his defeat it was given to Machir, son of Manasseh (Josh. 13:31). The town is of great antiquity and is mentioned in the Execration Texts, in the list of Thutmosis III and in the El Amarna letters.
KARNAIM; KARNEIN The capital of the Bashan under Aramean and Assyrian rule, after the decline of neighboring Ashtaroth, whose name it annexed, being known as Ashtaroth Karnaim. In the Hellenistic period it was called Karnein (2 Macc. 12:21; Authorized Version: ‘Carrion’). Identified with Sheikh Saad,
Catholic Bible Dictionary
ASHTEROTH-KARNAIM A city located east of the Sea of Galilee, it belonged to the Rephaim, pre-Israelite inhabitants of Canaan. The Rephaim were defeated at Ashteroth-karnaim by the army of Chedorlaomer (Gen 14:5). As the Amorite ruler Og was one of the final heads of the Rephaim, Ashteroth-karnaim may
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Ash´teroth Karna´im (Ashteroth of the two horns or peaks), a place of very great antiquity, the abode of the Rephaim. Gen. 14:5. The name reappears but once, as Carnaim or Carnion, 1 Macc. 5:26, 43, 44; 2 Macc. 12:21, 26, in “the land of Galaad.” It is probably the modern Es-Sanamein, on the Haj route,