Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Northernmost of the three Philistine cities located on or near the Mediterranean coast. Mentioned 21 times in the Hebrew Bible. Figures prominently in historical narratives addressing the confrontations between the Israelites and Philistines.
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
ASHDOD (PLACE) [Heb ʾašdôd (אַשְׁדֹּוד)]. Var. AZOTUS. An important Philistine city mentioned in several passages in the Bible. The ancient city is identified with modern Tel Ashdod (M.R. 117129), 15 km N of Ashkelon and ca. 4 km inland from the Mediterranean Sea. The main coastal road from Gaza to
AZOTUS (PLACE) [Gk Azotys (Ἀζοτυς)]. The name for the Philistine city of ASHDOD in the Apocrypha and the NT. Located halfway between Gaza and Joppa, the ancient city stood less than 3 miles inland. Ashdod was excavated in 1962–72, and its history during the Maccabean and Roman periods is well-documented,
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Ashdod, Ashdodite, Ashdothite
Ashdod, Ashdodite, Ashdothite. One of the Philistines’ 5 main cities (the “pentapolis”) along with Gaza, Ashkelon, Gath, and Ekron (Jos 13:3). Ashdod was located midway between Joppa and Gaza, about three miles from the coast. The ancient tell has been excavated extensively since 1962. The earliest level
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Ashdod ashʹdod [Heb. ’ašdôḏ—‘stronghold, fortress’; Gk. Asdōd, Asedōth, Azōtos, etc.]; Apoc. and NT AZOTUS a-zōʹtəs [GK. Azōtos]. One of the five chief cities of the Philistines, about 18 mi (29 km) NE of Gaza. Its strength may be seen in that Psamtik I of Egypt besieged it for many years (Herodotus
Azotus ə-zōʹtəs [GK. Azōtos] (1 Macc. 4:15; 5:68; 9:15; 10:77f, 83f; 11:4; etc.; Acts 8:40). The Greek name of Ashdod, although S. E. Johnson suggests in the Oxford Annotated Apocrypha (1965) that Mt. Azotus in 1 Macc. 9:15 may be el-‘Asur, 6 mi (10 km) NE of el-Bîreh, since Ashdod is too far removed
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Ashdod, Ashdodite, Ashdothite
ASHDOD, ASHDODITE, ASHDOTHITE* One of the Philistines’ five main cities (the “pentapolis”) along with Gaza, Ashkelon, Gath, and Ekron (Jos 13:3). Ashdod was located midway between Joppa and Gaza, about three miles (4.8 kilometers) from the coast. The ancient tell has been excavated extensively since
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Ashdod (ash´dod), a town in northern Judah two and a half miles inland from the Mediterranean coast. We know from the Ugaritic material that Ashdod, Accho, and Ashkelon dealt with Ugarit (Ras-Shamra) and hence existed as a city as early as the fourteenth century bce. The city is supposed to have been
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
ASHDOD. Probably the capital of the five Philistine cities. Located three miles inland and 18 miles NE of Gaza, it controlled a junction on the coastal trade route. Tablets discovered at Ugarit indicate that Ashdod was one of three Palestinian cities that traded with the northern Canaanite capital in
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
ASHDOD. Tel Ashdod, 6 km SE of the modern village, was a major Philistinian city, first mentioned in Late Bronze Age texts (Jos. 11:22) dealing with Ugarit. It may have withstood attempts by Judah to conquer it and settle there (Jos. 13:3; 15:46–47). It had a principal port (Ashdod-Yam; in Akkadian sources
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Ashdod (Heb. ʾašdôḏ)One of the five principal Philistine cities. The ancient city is identified with modern Ashdod/Esdûd (118129), 15 km. (9 mi.) N of Ashkelon and ca. 4 km. (2.5 mi.) inland from the Mediterranean Sea.Ashdod was part of the tribal territory of Judah (Josh. 15:46–47), although it
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Ashdod [ăshˊdŏd] (Heb. ˒ašdôḏ “fortress”; Gk. Azōtos).† One of the five principal cities of the Philistines, about 29 km. (18 mi.) northeast of Gaza and about 5 km. (3 mi.) inland from the Mediterranean coast.
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
ASHDOD One of the main Philistine cities (Josh. 13:3), situated in the Judean Plain, 3 miles from the coast. It is not mentioned in any of the early historical sources, but the Anakims (giants in Hebrew) who dwelt at Gaza, Gath and Ashdod (Josh. 11:22) are perhaps remnants of the ancient population of
Catholic Bible Dictionary
ASHDOD One of the cities of the Philistines in southwest Canaan. It is identified with modern Tel Ashdod near the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. The city was included among the five cities of the Philistines (Josh 13:3) and was assigned to the tribe of Judah in the distribution of the Promised Land