The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Asceticism A voluntary abstention from the satisfaction of bodily and social needs, including food, drink, sexual activity, sleep, clothes, wealth, and social interaction.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Asceticism [GK. askē̓sis—‘exercise, training’]. The term is not found in the canonical biblical text (the verb askéō occurs in Acts 24:16), but this does not of itself determine whether asceticism is scriptural or not. Among the Greeks considerable development is observable in the use of the word
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
AsceticismInitially referring to physical exercise, training, or practice, asceticism (from Gk. áskēsis) assumed religious significance in the Hellenistic period, indicating activities of the mind, soul, and will. As a religious term, ascetic purity was often viewed as a condition for approaching
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Asceticism (from Gk. askḗsis “exercise, training”).† A term denoting strict self-control as a means of spiritual discipline; it is not found in Scripture. While the Old Testament recognizes the custom of fasting (especially on the Day of Atonement; Lev. 16:29) and upholds the Nazirite vow against
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
asceticism. The term is derived from Gk. ἄσκησις (‘exercise’, ‘training’) already applied by the Greek philosophers to moral training, often with the connotation of voluntary abstention from certain pleasures; it denotes (1) practices employed to combat vices and develop virtues and (2) the renunciation
The Lutheran Cyclopedia
Asceticism (Greek askeō, to exercise; askēsis, exercise, regimen) was practised by the Essenes, the Buddhists, the Pythagoreans and other religious and philosophical sects of pre-Christian times. It came into Christianity through the Alexandrian philosophy. The word was used to describe the life of those
A Catholic Dictionary
ascetæ (Gr. ἀσκέω, ἀσκητής). The belief that through bodily “exercise,” and a strict discipline imposed on the senses, it was in the power of man to perfect his moral nature and rise to spiritual heights not otherwise attainable, had been common both among Jews and Pagans for some time before the
Ascetical Theology
ascetical theology. A name given to the science which treats of virtue and perfection and the means by which they are to be attained. Whereas mystical theology deals with extraordinary states of prayer and union with God, ascetical writers treat of the ordinary Christian life. The number of ascetical
Ecclesiastical Dictionary: Containing, in Concise Form, Information upon Ecclesiastical, Biblical, Archæological, and Historical Subjects
Asceticism.—The life or practice of an ascetic; the principles and historic customs of ascetics. In the Christian sense, asceticism signifies, in general, the exercise of every action which furthers the self-perfection of man, especially self-command, self-denial, and mortification of the lower sensual
Ascetic (Gr. Asketes, from Askein, to exercise oneself).—Name given to those Christians who practiced penance, fasts, abstinence, self-mortification, etc. Among the Greeks asceticism denoted the exercise and discipline practiced by athletes or wrestlers who had to harden their bodies by exertion and
Ascetical.—That which has reference to the exercise of the spiritual life and bodily mortification; ascetical theology which treats of the mastering of the desires and passions and the practice of severe virtue; the ascetics of the Fathers of the Church, v. g., of St. Basil. The word has been adopted
The Thiselton Companion to Christian Theology
AsceticismThe word is derived from the Greek noun askēsis, which simply means “practice,” especially of athletes in training. In 1 Cor. 9:25 Paul writes, “Athletes exercise self-control (enkrateuetai) in all things.” A verse later he says he does not “box as though beating the air; but I punish (hupōpiazō)
Pocket Dictionary of Church History: Over 300 Terms Clearly and Concisely Defined
asceticism. In Christian tradition asceticism is linked to Christ’s admonition to his disciples to “deny themselves … and follow me” (Mk 8:34). The term is derived from the Greek askesis, which connotes disciplined training for war or, more commonly, for athletic competition. Thus a Christian was to
Pocket Dictionary of Liturgy & Worship
asceticism. Derived from the Greek term “to labor, to exercise” (askeō), the denial of normal physical needs and pleasures. It is rooted in Greek philosophy (e.g., the Pythagoreans). In Plato’s Phaedo Socrates teaches that the true philosopher practices dying (80e–81a, 82c), in other words, puts off
A Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels: Aaron–Zion
ASCETICISM.—Asceticism may be defined as a form of self-discipline which consists in the habitual renunciation of the things of the flesh, with a view to the cultivation of the life of the spirit. It is a deliberate attempt to eliminate and uproot the sensuous, to banish it altogether from the sphere
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