Artisan. Skilled craftsman working in the major mediums of wood, stone, metals, gems, and clay; important guild in the middle class of Hebrew society during the period of the monarchy.SeeTrades and Occupations (Craftsman).
Craftsmancraftsman, a smith or carpenter whose work is mentioned with the building of the Temple and often in idol making (Acts 19:24; Isa. 40:19 [‘workman’]; 44:12; Neh. 3:8; 1 Kings 7:14). See alsoRefining;Smith;Tubal-cain.
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
artificer. This English term is used a few times by the KJV to translate the Hebrew noun ḥārāšH3093 (e.g., Isa. 3:3; in the NT, cf. the term technitēsG5493). It refers to the expert craftsman in any of the major mediums of art, such as stone, wood, metals, gems, or clay. According to the biblical
The Eerdmans Encyclopedia of Early Christian Art and Archaeology, Volumes 1–3
Categories of ArtisansIn ancient Rome, over 160 trades are mentioned in texts and inscriptions, and there are 225 known for the Roman West (Morel, 1993, 227; Joshel, 1992, 173–82, for a useful sample with English translation).
ArtistA person who makes art, an artisan, an artificer, a craftsperson. a person who handles the raw materials of his or her craft according to the conventions and rules of technē (Pollitt, 1974, 32–37), which in Greek and Roman antiquity represented the received system or method of making and doing