Artexerxes (LXX)
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Artexerxes (LXX)
2. The LXX reads Artaxerxes for Ahasuerus throughout Esther; and some scholars have thought that Artaxerxes II Mnemon (404–359 b.c.) was being envisaged, son of Darius I and grandson of Artaxerxes I, who defeated his brother Cyrus at the battle of Cunaxa in 401 b.c. More probably, however, the reference
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Artaxerxes (Heb. ʾartaḥšastāʾ; Gk. Artaxerxēs)A common name among Persian kings of the Achaemenid dynasty. Artaxerxes is mentioned as the Persian king who commissioned the missions of Ezra and Nehemiah (Ezra 7:1–28; Neh. 2:1–8). On the basis of extrabiblical references to his antagonists Sanballat
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Ar-ta-xerxʹes [great warrior], the name of two Persian monarchs mentioned in Scripture.1. The monarch who obstructed the building of the temple (Ezra 4:7–21). He is supposed, with good reason, to have been the Magian impostor Smerdis, who usurped the throne b.c. 522 and reigned eight months.2. The
All the People in the Bible: An A–Z Guide to the Saints, Scoundrels, and Other Characters in Scripture
Artaxerxes [ar-tuh-zerk-sēz] (ארתחשסתא, a Persian name, in Hebrew Artachsasta, meaning unknown) (1) Artaxerxes I Macrocheir, king of Persia 465–425 bce; son of Xerxes I (Ezra 4:7) (2) Artaxerxes II Mnemon, king of Persia 404–359 bce; son of Darius II and grandson of Artaxerxes I; the palace he built
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
ARTAXERXES ahr´tuh-zuhrk´seez [אַרְתַּחְשַׁשְׂתְּאʾartakhshasteʾ, אַרְתַּחְשַׁסְתְּאʾartakhshasteʾ]. The name of three Persian kings. 1. Artaxerxes I Longimanus (465–424 bce), son of Xerxes I. Bishlam, Mithredath, Tabeel, and the rest of their associates sent a letter to Artaxerxes (Ezra 4:7). Ezra
See also