The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Arpachshad, Son of Shem
Arpachshad, Son of Shem (אַרְפַּכְשַׁד‎, arpakhshad). Father of Shelah (Gen 10:22, 24; 1 Chr 1:17–18) who is included in the genealogical line of Abraham (Gen 11:10–13) and Jesus (Luke 3:35–36).
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Arpachshad (Person)
ARPACHSHAD (PERSON) [Heb ʾarpaḥšad (אַרְפַּחְשַׁד‎)]. 1. A son of Shem and the father of Shelah in the MT (Gen 10:22, 24). In the LXX and in the NT (Luke 3:36; cf. also Jubilees 8:1), Cainan is inserted in the genealogy between Arpachshad and Shelah. In the MT, the lifespan of Arpachshad is given as
Arphaxad (Person)
ARPHAXAD (PERSON) [Gk Arphaxad (Ἀρφαξαδ)]. 1. Ruler over the Medes (Jdt 1:1). He rebuilt the wall of Ecbatana, and was defeated by Nebuchadnezzar in the mountains of Rages.However, according to our historical sources, no Persian or Median king by the name of Arphaxad ever existed. Therefore, the character
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Arpachshad. Shem’s son and Noah’s grandson, born two years after the flood. Arpachshad’s descendants were probably the Chaldeans (Gn 10:22, 24; 11:10–13; 1 Chr 1:17, 18, 24; kjv Arpaxad). Also spelled Arphaxad in Luke 3:36.
Arphaxad. kjv form of Arpachshad in Genesis 10:22, 24; 11:10–13 and 1 Chronicles 1:17, 18, 24. Also Luke 3:36 in rsv.See Arpachshad.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Arpachshad är-pakʹshad [Heb. ˊarpaḵšaḏ; Gk. Arphaxad]; ARPHAXAD, är-fakˊsad (NT, Apoc., and AV, NEB).
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
ARPHAXAD Shem’s son and Noah’s grandson, born two years after the Flood. Arphaxad’s descendants were probably the Chaldeans (Gn 10:22–24; 11:10–13; 1 Chr 1:17–18, 24; Lk 3:36). Arphaxad was born two years after the Flood when his father was one hundred years old (Gn 11:10) and was the grandfather of
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Arpachshad (ahr-pak´shad), the son of Shem born after the flood, grandfather of Eber, in the line of Abraham (Gen. 10:22–24; 11:10–13; 1 Chron. 1:17–18, 24). He is called Arphaxad in Luke 3:36.The name is probably geographic in origin, referring to a place in Mesopotamia, though the exact reference is
Artaxerxes (ahr´tuh-zuhrk´seez; Heb. Ar-takh-shast), the name of four known Achaemenid (Persian) kings: Artaxerxes I (Longimanus), 465–424 bce; Artaxerxes II (Arsakes), 405/4–359/8; Artaxerxes III (Ochos), 359/8–338/7; Artaxerxes IV (Arses), 338/7–336. Identifications of these kings in the biblical text
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
ARPHAXAD. Listed in Gen 10:22, 24 as a son of Shem, born two years after the Flood (Gen 11:10) and living to the age of 438 years (Gen 11:13). The name may refer not only to an individual but to a tribe of people descended from Shem. The name Arrapachitis (Ptol. vi. 1–2), a region between lakes Van and
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Arpachshad, Arphaxad
ARPACHSHAD, ARPHAXAD (Heb. ’arpaḵšaḏ lxx and NT Arphaxad. A son of Shem (Gn. 10:22; 1 Ch. 1:17, 24), who was born 2 years after the Flood (Gn. 11:10). The MT states that he was the father of Shelah, who was born when he was 35 years old (Gn. 10:24; 11:12; 1 Ch. 1:18, 24; lxx and Samaritan Pentateuch
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Arpachshad (Heb. ʾarpaḵšaḏ; Gk. Arphaxád).A son of Shem (Gen. 10:24; 11:10–13; 1 Chr. 1:17–18, 24; cf. Luke 3:36). The name seems to be non-Semitic, and debate continues over the identity of the nation for which he was progenitor, with conjectures based on either the first or last half of his name
Arphaxad (Gk. Arphaxád)1. An unknown king of the Medes who was killed by Nebuchadnezzar (Jdt. 1:1–15).2. An ancestor of Jesus in Luke’s genealogy (Luke 3:36).
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Arpachshad [är păkˊshăd] (Heb. ˒arpaḵs̆aḏ). The third son of Shem, the grandfather of Eber (Gen. 10:22, 24; 11:10–13; 1 Chr. 1:17–18; KJV, NIV “Arphaxad”; cf. Luke 3:36, “Arphaxad”; Gk. Arphaxad), and an ancestor of the Hebrews (1 Chr. 1:24). Although no etymology has gained general acceptance,
Arphaxad [är făkˊsăd] (Gk. Arphaxad).† An unknown king of the Medes who was killed by Nebuchadnezzar (Jdt. 1:1–15). see Arpachshad.
Catholic Bible Dictionary
ARPHAXAD Also Arpachshad. One of the sons of Shem and a grandson of Noah appearing in the Table of Nations in Genesis (Gen 10:22, as Arpachshad; also Gen 11:10–13; 1 Chr 1:17–18). His name also appears in Luke’s genealogy of Jesus (Luke 3:36). In Judith (1:1–6), an Arphaxad is named as an otherwise unknown
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Arphax´ad (stronghold of the Chaldees).1. The son of Shem and ancestor of Eber. Gen. 10:22, 24; 11:10.2. Arphaxad, a king “who reigned over the Medes in Ecbatana,” Judith 1:1–4; perhaps the same as Phraortes, who fell in a battle with the Assyrians, 633 b.c.
See also
Shem Father
Aram Brother
Elam Brother
Asshur Brother
Lud Brother
Meshech Brother
Shelah Son
Cainan Son
Noah Grandfather
Japheth Uncle
Ham Uncle
Eber Grandson
Javan Cousin
Wife of Noah Grandmother
Canaan Cousin
Cush Cousin
Gomer Cousin
Meshech Cousin
Tubal Cousin
Uz Nephew
Tiras Cousin
Put Cousin
Hul Nephew
Mash Nephew
Gether Nephew
Media Cousin
Topics & Themes