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Army of 10,000
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Son of Abinoam of Kedesh in Naphtali, who was summoned by the prophetess Deborah to lead his countrymen to war against Sisera’s force of Canaanites (Judg 4–5).When Deborah called Barak, he replied that he would not go unless she accompanied him. She agreed, but foretold that Sisera would be slain by a woman instead of by him (Judg 4:6–9). Barak then mustered 10,000 men from Zebulun and Naphtali (Judg 4:10). The Song of Deborah also mentions troops from Benjamin, Machir, and Issachar (Judg 5:14).This force went to Mount Tabor in obedience to divine command (Judg 4:6), where they routed Sisera (Judg 4:12–16). The references to the heavens and the torrent at Kishon in the Song of Deborah may indicate that rain—and subsequent flooding—helped the Israelites against the superiorly equipped Canaanites (Judg 5:20–21). Sisera fled from the battle and was murdered by Jael (Judg 4:17–22).Later in the Bible, Samuel mentions Barak among the heroes of Israel (1 Sam 12:11). Hebrews 11:32 also mentions Barak as an example of faith.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Barak, Son of Abinoam
Barak the Judge (בָּרָק‎, baraq). Son of Abinoam of Kedesh in Naphtali, who was summoned by the prophetess Deborah to lead his countrymen to war against Sisera’s force of Canaanites (Judg 4–5).When Deborah called Barak, he replied that he would not go unless she accompanied him. She agreed, but foretold
Deborah the Prophetess
Deborah the Judge (דְּבוֹרָה‎, devorah; “honeybee”). Judge over Israel who led the Israelite army to victory over the Canaanites.Deborah judged Israel after Shamgar. When Deborah was raised as a judge, Israel had been oppressed by King Jabin of Canaan for 20 years (Judg 4:2–3). Deborah is also referred
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Barak (Person)
BARAK (PERSON) [Heb bārāq (בָּרָק)]. The son of Abinoam and military commander from Kedesh, located in Naphtali, north of lake Huleh (Judg 4:6). His name (meaning “lightning”) is widely attested among the Semitic peoples (HALAT 155). Barak was summoned from the north by DEBORAH in Ephraim to fight
Deborah (Person)
DEBORAH (PERSON) [Heb dĕbōrâ (דְּבֹרָה)]. Three persons in the OT and deuterocanonical books bear this name.1. Rebekah’s nurse (Gen 35:8). She is also mentioned, by position but not by name, among those who accompany Rebekah and Abraham’s servant on their return to meet Isaac (Gen 24:59). When Deborah
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Barak
Barak. Son of Abinoam of Kedesh in Naphtali (Jgs 4:6; 5:1) and an associate of the prophetess Deborah. Barak led an army of Israel that defeated the forces of Jabin, king of the Canaanites (Jgs 4:1–24). Barak is one of the heroes of faith listed in the NT (Heb 11:32).See Deborah #2; Judges, Book of.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Barak
Barak bârʹək [Heb. bārāq]. The son of Abinoam of Kedesh, a refuge city in Naphtali. He was summoned by the prophetess Deborah to lead his countrymen to war against Jabin king of the Canaanites, whose army was under the leadership of Sisera. The story of the battle is recorded in both prose (Jgs.
Deborah (judge)
2. The prophetess and judge (Jgs. 4–5), who belonged to the tribe of Issachar (5:15), and directed the affairs of the tribes from a spot between Ramah and Bethel, later known as Tomer Deborah, i.e., the palm tree of Deborah (4:5). It has been conjectured that her house may have been at Doberath of Issachar,
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Barak
BARAK Son of Abinoam of Kedesh in Naphtali (Jgs 4:6; 5:1) and an associate of the prophetess Deborah. Barak led an army of Israel that defeated the forces of Jabin, king of the Canaanites (Jgs 4). Barak is one of the heroes of faith listed in the NT (Heb 11:32). See Deborah #2; Judges, Book of.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Barak
Barak (bair´ak; Heb., “lightning”), the son of Abinoam. Commander of Israelite militia and subordinate to Deborah in Judg. 4–5, Barak was among the deliverers of Israel (1 Sam. 12:11, lxx; cf. Heb. 11:32). The opposition (“kings of Canaan,” Judg. 5:19), headed by Jabin “king of Canaan at Hazor” (4:2,
Deborah
Deborah (deb´uh-ruh; Heb., “bee”).1 Rebekah’s nurse, who was buried near Bethel (Gen. 35:8; 24:59).2 An Israelite judge and prophet. Though the exact duties of the judges are not clear, some appear to have exercised legal functions, while others were purely military leaders. Deborah combined these
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Barak
BARAK. A military leader from the tribe of Naphtali who, under the direction and encouragement of the prophetess Deborah (q.v.), delivered the northern tribes of Israel from bondage imposed by Jabin, king of Hazor. Jabin (q.v.) had a seemingly invincible army with 900 chariots of iron, led by a mercenary
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Barak
BARAK (Heb. bārāq,‘lightning’; cf. Carthaginian Barca). In Jdg. 4:6ff. the son of Abinoam, from Kedesh in Naphtali, summoned by the prophetess *Deborah to muster the tribes of Israel and lead them to battle against *Sisera, commander-in-chief of the confederate Canaanite forces. He consented to act
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Barak
Barak (Heb. bārāq)An Israelite military leader (Judg. 4:6–22; 5:1–12, 15), the son of Abinoam from Kedesh in Naphtali. Barak (“lightning”) had a secondary role in the battle between the Israelite militia and the Canaanite army of King Jabin of Hazor and his general Sisera, as recorded in both prose
Deborah
Deborah (Heb. dĕḇôrâ)1. One of the most notable women in the OT. Deborah (“honeybee”) figures prominently in Judg. 4 and 5, which recount a decisive battle between the Canaanites, under the command of Jabin and his general Sisera, and an Israelite tribal militia force. This episode, set in the period
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Barak
Barak [bârˊək] (Heb. bārāq “lightning”). The son of Abinoam of Kedesh in Naphtali. Deborah summoned and commissioned him in the name of the Lord to go up to Mt. Tabor with ten thousand men from the tribes of Naphtali and Zebulun to fight against Sisera, the general of King Jabin, who had oppressed
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Barak
BARAK (Hebrew, “lightning”) Son of Abinoam of the tribe of Naphtali and a military commander from Kedesh (Judg 4:6). When the Israelites were oppressed by the Canaanite kings of the north, the prophetess and judge Deborah summoned Barak and told him to organize a coalition against Sisera, commander of
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Barak
Ba´rak (lightning), son of Abinoam of Kedesh, a refuge city in Mount Naphtali, was incited by Deborah, a prophetess of Ephraim, to deliver Israel from the yoke of Jabin. Judges 4. He utterly routed the Canaanites in the plain of Jezreel (Esdraelon). (b.c. 1291–1251.)