Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A king of Sparta mentioned in Jonathan’s letter to the Spartans as having corresponded with the Jewish high priest Onias (1 Maccabees 12:7).
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
ARIUS, ARIANISM. Arius (256–336 c.e.), a presbyter of the Baucalis region of Alexandria (Boulerand 1964: 175), began a controversy ca. 318 (Schneemelcher 1954: 394) with Bishop Alexander of Alexandria over the nature of Christ’s relation to the Father (Gregg and Groh 1977: 263). This controversy led
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
ARIUS<a-ri’-us>, <a’-ri-us> ([ Ά̓ρης, Ares]): The reading of the Vulgate (Jerome’s Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) adopted in the Revised Version (British and American) for the former reading Areus and Areios of Josephus. A king of Sparta (309-265 BC) who wrote the letter to Onias, the high priest, given
The Westminster Dictionary of Theologians
Arius (ca. 250–336). Theologian whose characteristic doctrine, known as Arianism, incited the Trinitarian debates of the fourth century and was condemned by the councils of ⇒Nicaea (325) and ⇒Constantinople (381).It is said that A. was a native of Libya, and that he had studied under ⇒Lucian of Antioch.
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, Volumes I–III
ARIUS or AREIUS (Ἄρειος), the celebrated heretic, is said to have been a native of Libya, and must have been born shortly after the middle of the third century after Christ. His father’s name appears to have been Ammonius. In the religious disputes which broke out at Alexandria in a. d. 306, Arius
DAREIUS or DARI′US (Δαρεῖος, Δαρειαῖος, Ctes., Heb. דַּרְיָוֶש, i. e. Daryavesh), the name of several kings of Persia. Like such names in general, it is no doubt a significant title. Herodotus (vi. 98) says that it means ἑρξείης; but the meaning of this Greek word is doubtful. Some take it to be
A Dictionary of Christian Biography, Literature, Sects and Doctrines, Volumes I–IV
ARIUS (Ἄρειος), the father of Arianism, was born about the middle of the 3rd century (256) in Libya, according to other accounts in Alexandria,a and ordained deacon by Peter, and presbyter by Achillas of Alexandria. Arius denied the eternity and essential divinity of Christ; but held that Christ was
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
A Dictionary of Early Christian Beliefs: A Reference Guide to More than 700 Topics Discussed by the Early Church Fathers
ARIUS, ARIANISMArius (c. 250–336) was a presbyter in Alexandria who taught that the Son of God was not of the same substance as the Father and that he was created out of nothing. His bishop, Alexander of Alexandria, strongly opposed Arius’s teachings. Arius’s heresy was condemned at the Council of Nicaea.
Evangelical Dictionary of Theology
Arius, Arianism. Arius (ca. 250–336) was a priest in Alexandria whose ideas gave rise to one of theology’s most enduring doctrinal controversies. Libyan by birth, he was well educated and a popular teacher. Most of what we know about him comes from his opponents, though we have access to a few letters
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5