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Aristotle
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A Greek philosopher and scientist (384–322 bc) who was a student of Plato. Aristotle was born in Stagira in Macedonia, where his father was court physician to King Amyntas II. He moved to Athens to study at Plato’s Academy when he was about 18, and stayed at the Academy for 20 years. After Plato’s death around 348, Aristotle left Athens and lived in Assos and Mitylene in Asia Minor before eventually returning in 343 to Macedonia, where he served as tutor to the young Alexander the Great. Around 335 bc he returned to Athens, where he founded his own school, the Lyceum. There was a surge of anti-Macedonian sentiment in Athens upon the death of Alexander in 323, prompting Aristotle to leave the city. He died a year later in Chalcis.In contrast to Plato, who emphasized that the nature of reality was most clearly expressed in nonmaterial forms or ideas, Aristotle stressed the importance of beginning with particular phenomena to understand reality. This led to a greater emphasis in Aristotle on empirical study. While Aristotle’s influence on medieval Christian thought was enormous (Thomas Aquinas refers to him simply as “the Philosopher”), his biblical relevance is discussed mostly in terms of his influence on Graeco-Roman rhetoric as it was used by New Testament authors as well as his possible influence on household codes found in the New Testament letters.Elliot Ritzema
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Aristotle
Aristotle A Greek philosopher and scientist (384–322 bc) who was a student of Plato. Aristotle was born in Stagira in Macedonia, where his father was court physician to King Amyntas II. He moved to Athens to study at Plato’s Academy when he was about 18, and stayed at the Academy for 20 years. After
Dictionary of New Testament Background
Aristotle, Aristotelianism
ARISTOTLE, ARISTOTELIANISMStandard reference works on the NT give short notice to Aristotle (384–322 b.c.) and Aristotelianism. For example, Helmut Koester wrote: “Aristotle himself and his philosophy cannot be discussed here. For several centuries very little effect of Aristotle’s philosophy can be
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Aristotle
Aristotle (384–322 bc), Greek philosopher. He was the son of Nicomachus, the court physician to Amyntas II of Macedonia, and born at Stagirus (later Stagira) on the peninsula of Chalcidice. In 367 he went to Athens, where he became a member of the scientific group gathered round *Plato. After Plato’s
Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics
Aristotle
Aristotle. Aristotle (384–32. b.c.) holds immense importance for Christian apologetics. He laid down the basic principles of reason used by most apologists (see Causality, Principle of; First Principles; Logic). Many of the greatest apologists, especially Thomas Aquinas, were dependent on Aristotelian
The Lutheran Cyclopedia
Aristotle, Luther’s Attitude Toward
Aristotle, Luther’s Attitude Toward. Luther’s study at Erfurt made him perfectly familiar with the writings of Aristotle, and his first lectures at Wittenberg were upon the Dialectics and Physics of the latter. A remarkable sermon of the Reformer in A. D. 1515, makes large use of ideas borrowed from
Compton’s Encyclopedia
Aristotle
Aristotle(384–322 bc). One of the greatest thinkers of all time was Aristotle, an ancient Greek philosopher. His work in the natural and social sciences greatly influenced virtually every area of modern thinking.Aristotle was born in 384 bc in Stagira, Chalcidice, Greece, on the northwest coast of
The Westminster Dictionary of Theologians
Aristotle
Aristotle (ca. 384–322 BCE). Greek philosopher of Thracian origin who studied in Athens under ⇒Plato. He was the teacher of Alexander the Great and then returned to Athens, where he founded his own school, known as the Peripatos. He wrote on logic, physics, metaphysics, ethics, and practically all the
The Thiselton Companion to Christian Theology
Aristotle
AristotleAristotle (384–322 b.c.) is one of the two most important and influential philosophers of the ancient world. The other is Plato (428–348 b.c.), who developed and went beyond what he had learned from Socrates. Whereas Plato held to a dualism of appearance and reality, or of copies and forms
Pocket Dictionary of Church History: Over 300 Terms Clearly and Concisely Defined
Aristotle
Aristotle (384–322 b.c.). Aristotle was a Greek philosopher of immense influence in a wide variety of fields, including biology, physics, cosmology, ethics, logic and education. Aristotle, a student at *Plato’s academy in Athens, founded a new school, the Lyceum, in that same city with the patronage
Pocket Dictionary of Ethics
Aristotle
Aristotle. An ancient Greek philosopher credited with being the first thinker in Western civilization to offer a systematic treatise on *ethics, his Nicomachean Ethics. Aristotle (384–323 b.c.) was a student of *Plato, became the tutor of Alexander the Great and later founded his own school, the Lyceum.
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, Volumes I–III
ARISTO′TELES (Ἀριστοτέλης)
ARISTO′TELES (Ἀριστοτέλης). I. Biography.—Aristotle was born at Stageira, a sea-port town of some little importance in the district of Chalcidice, in the first year of the 99th Olympiad. (b. c. 384.) His father, Nicomachus, an Asclepiad, was physician in ordinary to Amyntas II., king of Macedonia,
Dictionary of Christianity and Science: The Definitive Reference for the Intersection of Christian Faith and Contemporary Science
Aristotle
ARISTOTLE. The thought of Aristotle (384–322 BC), one of the most influential philosophers in history, is of enormous significance for the history of science and for its eventual relationship with Christianity. A versatile thinker, Aristotle pursued “natural philosophy,” a study of nature that today
Aristotle’s Four Causes
ARISTOTLE’S FOUR CAUSES. Aristotle’s (384–322 BC) ideas on causation had a great influence on Western approaches to science, religion, and ethics. The metaphysical question “What is being?” or “What is substance?” led him to make a detailed study of the natures or essences of things. He asked commonsense