Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The younger son of Alexander Jannaeus and Salome Alexandra. A Hasmonean king and high priest who reigned in Judaea from 67–63 bc.
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
ARISTOBULUS (PERSON) [Gk Aristoboulos (Ἀριστοβουλος)]. Several significant people in ancient and sacred history. It is a common Greek name meaning “best counselor.” See also ARISTOBULUS (OT PSEUDEPIGRAPHA).1. Greek historian who accompanied Alexander the Great on his campaigns. At 85 years of age he
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Aristobulus (nephew of Aristobulus)
2. Nephew of 1. He dethroned his mother Alexandra (69 b.c.), and forced his brother Hyrcanus to renounce the crown and mitre in his favor. In 64 b.c. Pompey came to Palestine and supported the cause of Hyrcanus. Aristobulus was defeated and taken prisoner, and Hyrcanus was appointed ethnarch in 63 b.c.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Aristobulus (Gk. Aristóboulos)1. Aristobulus I, the eldest son of John Hyrcanus; also called Judas (Yehuda). According to Josephus he was the first of that dynasty to claim the title of king. While Hyrcanus had transferred authority over the realm to his wife, Aristobulus seized the throne, imprisoning
Ecclesiastical Dictionary: Containing, in Concise Form, Information upon Ecclesiastical, Biblical, Archæological, and Historical Subjects
Aristobolus.—Name of princes and high-priests of the Jews. Aristobolus I. Son of John Hyrcanus, and King of Judea (106–105 b.c.). His Hebrew name was Judah. Aristobolus II.—Son of Alexander Jannæus; died about 48 b.c. Aristobolus III.—A Jewish prince, who was made high-priest by Herod I. Herod had him
All the People in the Bible: An A–Z Guide to the Saints, Scoundrels, and Other Characters in Scripture
Hyrcanus II (69 and 63 BCE) and Aristobulus II (69–63 BCE)
Hyrcanus II (69 and 63 bce) and Aristobulus II (69–63 bce)The lives of the two brothers Hyrcanus II and Aristobulus II are so intricately intertwined that it is more reasonable to deal with them together than to tell the same story twice. Neither is mentioned in the Bible or Apocrypha, but their contests
Aristobulus [ar-uh-stob-yoo-lus] (Ἀριστόβουλος, “Best Counsel”) (1) a teacher of Ptolemy to whom Judas Maccabeus wrote letters (2 Macc. 1:10) (2) Judas Aristobulus I, the oldest son of John Hyrcanus and the first to call himself king of Judea (reigned one year, 104–103 bce); not mentioned by name
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
5. Hyrcanus II and Aristobulus II (67â€“63 BCE)
5. Hyrcanus II and Aristobulus II (67–63 bce)We now enter a period of four years during which the two Hasmonean brothers fought for control of the Jewish throne. Hyrcanus took up the rulership of Judah as soon as his mother died, but only for a short time. Aristobulus quickly attacked and defeated him;