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Aretas II
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A Nabataean king. Aretas II succeeded Rabel as king around 120 bc and ruled until 96 bc. The expansionist agenda of the Hasmonaean ruler Alexander Jannaeus threatened the kingdom of Aretas II. Aretas was succeeded by the Nabataean king Obodas I.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Aretas II
Aretas II A Nabataean king. Aretas II succeeded Rabel as king around 120 bc and ruled until 96 bc. The expansionist agenda of the Hasmonaean ruler Alexander Jannaeus threatened the kingdom of Aretas II. Aretas was succeeded by the Nabataean king Obodas I.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Aretas
ARETAS. Dynastic name of at least four kings of the royal house of Nabatea located at Petra. The earliest Nabatean Aramaic inscription from Elusa on the Petra-Gaza road in the Negev mentions an “Aretas, King of the Nabateans.” Proposals for a date of the inscription vary from the beginning to the end
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Aretas
Aretas (Gk. Harétas)1. Aretas I, the first Nabatean ruler named in ancient literature. According to 2 Macc. 5:8 the Jewish high priest Jason somehow ran afoul of Aretas when he fled from Jerusalem to Nabatea in 168 b.c.e. Here, Aretas is called týrannos, which may indicate that the Nabatean rulers
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, Volumes I–III
ARETAS
A′RETAS (Ἀρέτας), the name of several kings of Arabia Petraea.1. The contemporary of Jason, the high-priest of the Jews, and of Antiochus Epiphanes, about b. c. 170. (2 Maccab. 5:8.)2. A contemporary of Alexander Jannaeus, king of Judaea. This Aretas is probably the same who reigned in Coele-Syria
All the People in the Bible: An A–Z Guide to the Saints, Scoundrels, and Other Characters in Scripture
Aretas
Aretas [ar-uh-tus] (Ἀρέτας, “Excellent”): the name of several kings of Nabataea, two of whom are mentioned in the Bible: (1) Aretas II: supported the Maccabeans against the Syrians (2 Macc. 5:8) (2) Aretas IV: ordered the arrest of Paul in Damascus (2 Cor. 11:32)
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
ARETAS
ARETAS air´uh-tuhs [Ἀρέτας Aretas]. Dynastic name of a number of Nabatean (Arabian) kings.1. Aretas I (ca. 170–160 bce) was the first of the Nabatean dynasts mentioned in the historical record, where an inscription styles him as king (Aram. mlk). According to 2 Macc 5:8, the high priest Jason was