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Aretas I (Arabian king)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The first known Nabataean king; mentioned in 2 Maccabees 5:8, a deuterocanonical book focusing on the Jewish revolt against Greek king Antiochus IV Epiphanes. Aretas’ name appears on a carving from 168 bc in Halutza, a Negev city that once was part of the Nabataean Incense Route. Aretas was succeeded by King Rabel I, whose reign, beginning about 140 bc, is noted on a Petran statue.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Aretas I
Aretas I The first known Nabataean king; mentioned in 2 Maccabees 5:8, a deuterocanonical book focusing on the Jewish revolt against Greek king Antiochus IV Epiphanes. Aretas’ name appears on a carving from 168 bc in Halutza, a Negev city that once was part of the Nabataean Incense Route. Aretas was
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Aretas
ARETAS. Dynastic name of at least four kings of the royal house of Nabatea located at Petra. The earliest Nabatean Aramaic inscription from Elusa on the Petra-Gaza road in the Negev mentions an “Aretas, King of the Nabateans.” Proposals for a date of the inscription vary from the beginning to the end
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Aretas (Arabian king)
1. An Arabian king who accused (GK. and NEB “imprisoned”) Jason, causing him to become a fugitive (2 Macc. 5:8). He was a contemporary of Antiochus Epiphanes (ca 170 b.c.).
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Aretas
Aretas (Gk. Harétas)1. Aretas I, the first Nabatean ruler named in ancient literature. According to 2 Macc. 5:8 the Jewish high priest Jason somehow ran afoul of Aretas when he fled from Jerusalem to Nabatea in 168 b.c.e. Here, Aretas is called týrannos, which may indicate that the Nabatean rulers
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, Volumes I–III
ARETAS
A′RETAS (Ἀρέτας), the name of several kings of Arabia Petraea.1. The contemporary of Jason, the high-priest of the Jews, and of Antiochus Epiphanes, about b. c. 170. (2 Maccab. 5:8.)2. A contemporary of Alexander Jannaeus, king of Judaea. This Aretas is probably the same who reigned in Coele-Syria
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
ARETAS
ARETAS air´uh-tuhs [Ἀρέτας Aretas]. Dynastic name of a number of Nabatean (Arabian) kings.1. Aretas I (ca. 170–160 bce) was the first of the Nabatean dynasts mentioned in the historical record, where an inscription styles him as king (Aram. mlk). According to 2 Macc 5:8, the high priest Jason was
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