Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A city of the eastern Negev mentioned four times in the Bible (Num 21:1; 33:40; Josh 12:14; Judg 1:16).
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
ARAD (PLACE) [Heb ʿărād (עֲרָד)]. A town in the S Negeb of Judah, mentioned four times in the Bible, mainly in connection with the Canaanite king of Arad who defeated the Israelites when they first attempted a S entrance into Canaan (Num 21:1; 33:40). Later, the king of Arad is listed among the conquered
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Arad (Place). Name of a Canaanite settlement or region in the Negeb desert at the time of the Israelite conquest of Canaan. The king of Arad attacked the Israelites and was defeated (Nm 21:1–3; 33:40). Consequently the Israelites renamed the place Hormah (“destruction”). Arad was later conquered by Joshua
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Arad An important biblical town in the eastern Negeb that dominated the frontier region and the outset of the highway to Edom and to the harbor of Elath.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
ARAD (Place) Name of a Canaanite settlement or region in the Negev Desert at the time of the Israelite conquest of Canaan. The king of Arad attacked the Israelites and was defeated (Nm 21:1–3; 33:40). Consequently the Israelites renamed the place Hormah (“destruction”). Arad was later conquered by Joshua
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Arad (air´ad), a twenty-five-acre site (Tell ‘Arad) located about eighteen miles east-northeast of Beer-sheba, in the eastern Negev. Its 130-foot-high mound dominates the surrounding plain. The lower city flourished in the Early Bronze I–II periods (ca. 3100–2650 bce). On the upper mound, following an
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
ARAD1. A son of Beriah, a Benjamite (1 Chr 8:15).2. A Canaanite city in the Negeb whose king fought against the Israelites when they were on their way to Mount Hor (Num 21:1, 33:40, RSV). In the KJV of these verses “king Arad” should read “king of Arad.” Joshua later vanquished its king (Josh 12:14).
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
ARAD. 1. A Canaanite town in the wilderness of Judah whose king vainly attacked Israel during the Wandering. Arad was destroyed, and renamed *Hormah (Nu. 21:1–3; 33:40). Jos. 12:14 lists a king of Arad and a king of Hormah amongst the conquered, while Jdg. 1:16–17 tells of Kenites settling in the area,
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Arad (Heb. ʿărāḏ) (PLACE)A city in the Negeb desert region. In the account of the entry of the Israelites into the region, the “King of Arad” is mentioned as fighting against Israel (Num. 21:1–3). After an initial defeat the Israelites were victorious and “destroyed them and their cities”; the place
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
ARAD [ârˊăd] (Heb. ˓araḏ) (PLACE). An important town in the Negeb. After the Israelites had left Kadesh-barnea and were approaching the promised land by way of Atharim, they met with the forces of the Canaanite king of Arad, who defeated them (Num. 21:1). A second confrontation at neighboring Hormah
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
ARAD An important city in the eastern Negev, on the border of Judah, situated on the main road to Edom. In the biblical tradition its king, ‘Arad the Canaanite, which dwelt in the south’, withstood the assault of the Israelites on their approach from Kadesh-Barnea by way of Atharim (Num. 21:1; 33:40),
Catholic Bible Dictionary
ARAD A Canaanite city in the Negeb in southern Palestine, identified as modern Tel Arad, south of Hebron. The ruler of the city launched an attack upon the Israelites as they made their way into the Promised Land (Num 21:1–3). The Israelites vowed revenge and later sacked the city (Num 33:40; Josh 12:14).