Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Lexham Bible Dictionary
The most advanced Bible Dictionary
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
APPHUS (PERSON) [Gk Apphous (Ἀπφους)]. Nickname of Mattathias’ youngest son Jonathan (1 Macc 2:5), the successor of Judas Maccabeus. Two Hebrew roots may be conjectured for the nickname: hpṣ, “to seek, search,” or ḥpṣ, “to desire.” The second one may best suit a child’s nickname—“desired, favorite.”
JONATHAN (PERSON) [Heb yônātān (יֹונָתָן); yĕhônātān]. The names Jonathan and Jehonathan (Heb “Yahweh has given”) appear to be used interchangeably.1. A Levite from the town of Bethlehem in Judah, who, according to Judges 17–18, founded a priesthood at Laish (later called Dan). This Levite, whose
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Apphus afʹəs, apʹfəs [GK. Apphous—‘cunning’]. A name borne by Jonathan, the fifth son of Mattathias (1 Macc. 2:5). All the brothers, according to this passage, had double names; John is said to have been called Gaddis; Simon, Thassi; Judas, Maccabeus; Eleazer, Avaran; Jonathan, Apphus (1 Macc. 2:2–5).
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
APPHUS<af’-us>, <ap’-fus>: A name borne by Jonathan, the fifth son of Mattathias ([ ʼΑπφούς, Apphous], 1 Macc 2:5). All the brothers, according to this passage, had double names; John is said to have been called Gaddis; Simon, Thassi; Judas, Maccabeus; Eleazar, Avaran; Jonathan, Apphus (1 Macc 2:2-5).
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
Apphus af′uhs (Απφους). An epithet applied to Jonathan Maccabee, the fifth son of Mattathias (1 Macc. 2:5). The exact meaning of the word is not certain, but it is sometimes taken to mean “dissembler,” perhaps because of the way Jonathan had deceived the tribe of Jambri, who had killed his brother John
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
All the People in the Bible: An A–Z Guide to the Saints, Scoundrels, and Other Characters in Scripture