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Apophthegm
Dictionaries
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Apophthegm
APOPHTHEGM. New Testament interpreters have used five different terms to refer to brief narratives that culminate in a saying of Jesus: (1) apophthegm; (2) paradigm; (3) pronouncement story; (4) chreia; and (5) anecdote. R. Bultmann, who used the term apophthegm, defined the form as “sayings of Jesus
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Pronouncement Stories
pronouncement stories, also called chreiai (sing. chreia), a type of anecdotal literature found in the nt Gospels and other narrative writings from the Greco-Roman world. In general, what scholars call “pronouncement stories” are anecdotes that preserve the memory of something Jesus said. In such a story,
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Apophthegm
Apophthegm. A designation used by R. *Bultmann and other *Form Critics for those items in the Gospels which M. *Dibelius describes as ‘*Paradigms’. The term had been used previously for stories of a similar type in secular Greek literature.
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
Apophthegm
apophthegm ap′uh-them′ (ἀπόφθεγμα, “a terse saying,” from ἀποφθέγγομαι, “to state an opinion plainly”). A term used by NT scholars to designate short stories in the Gospels that culminate with an important saying of Jesus (e.g., Mk. 2:23–28). Other terms used are pronouncement story, paradigm, and
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 4, M–P
Pronouncement Story
pronouncement story. A brief narrative by Jesus that climaxes with an authoritative declaration. See form criticism.
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
APOPHTHEGM
APOPHTHEGM [ἀπόφθεγμα apophthegma]. A transliterated Greek term with the general meaning saying, but has been used by some NT scholars as the specific designation for one category of originally oral sayings of Jesus that are embedded in a brief narrative context and which typically culminate in a pithy
PRONOUNCEMENT STORY
PRONOUNCEMENT STORY. A term used mostly in form criticism to classify narrative units of material in the Gospels, such as a parable or a miracle story, whose conflict serves solely to emphasize the saying of Jesus that comes at the end of the narrative. See APOPHTHEGM; FORM CRITICISM, NT; JESUS, SAYINGS