Apollonius (general of Mysian)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Appears abruptly in 1 Maccabees when he gathers together a large force to battle against Israel. Judas Maccabeus kills Apollonius in battle and takes his sword (1 Maccabees 3:10–12; Josephus, Antiquities 12.287).
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
APOLLONIUS (PERSON) [Gk Apollōnios (Ἀπολλωνιος)]. The name of five men mentioned in their several capacities in 1 and 2 Maccabees.1. The Son of Thraseas or (with a slight emendation) a son or native of Tarsus (2 Macc 3:5), and governor of Colesyria under Seleucus IV Philopater (the brother of Antiochus
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Apollonius (governor of Coele-Syria)
Apollonius (Gk. Apolɩ̂nios)1. Son of Tharseas (or perhaps “of Tarsus”), governor of Coele-Syria and Phoenicia during the reign of Seleucus IV. According to 2 Macc. 3:4–7 he plotted with a Jew named Simon and Seleucus to plunder the treasuries of the temple in Jerusalem. Apollonius sent his chief minister
All the People in the Bible: An A–Z Guide to the Saints, Scoundrels, and Other Characters in Scripture
Apollonius [ap-uh-lō-nē-us] (1) a Tarsian who conspired with Seleucus IV to send Heliodorus to confiscate the temple treasury (2 Macc. 3:7) (2) governor of Coelosyria who challenged Jonathan (16) to battle (1 Macc. 10:69) (3) Samarian general who slaughtered the Jews in Jerusalem on the Sabbath; possibly
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
APOLLONIUS ap´uh-loh´nee-uhs [Ἀπολλώνιος Apollōnios]. 1. Son of Thraseas, governor of Coele-Syria and Phoenicia (2 Macc 3:5), who urged the despoiling of the temple treasury; 4 Macc 4:1–14 makes him the despoiler.2. Son of Menestheus sent by Antiochus IV Epiphanes to commemorate Ptolemy VI Philometer’s