Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Egyptian bull god of agriculture and fertility. Apis came to be associated with Ptah, chief god of Memphis, and was embodied as a live, sacred bull in the temple there.
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Apis āʹpis. The sacred bull of Egypt, symbolizing Ptah, worshiped at Memphis as a fertility-god from at least the Old Kingdom period (ca 2700–2200 b.c.). The name is read by the RSV and NEB at Jer. 46:15, “Why has Apis fled?” reading Heb. maddû (a)‘nās ḥap̱ instead of MT maddû (a)‘nisḥap̱, which
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
APIS חףI. Apis, the sacred bull of Memphis, occurs in the LXX version of Jer 46:15 as the most prominent of Egypt’s gods whose flight is mocked by the prophet as a signal of the destruction about to befall Egypt by the hand of God. Most commentators and translators reconstruct Apis in the Hebrew text
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
APIS [A pis] — the sacred bull-god of Memphis (the biblical Noph) worshiped by the ancient Egyptians (Jer. 46:15; REB, NRSV). Apis was thought to be the reincarnation of Ptah, a creator god. Some scholars believe the Apis bull served as the model for the golden calf the Israelites made at Mount Sinai
ApisIn ancient Egyptian religion and mythology, Apis was the most famous of the sacred bulls of Egypt, considered to be the embodiment of the god Ptah and worshipped as a god at Ptah’s temple in the ancient city of Memphis. The worship of a particular live bull chosen as a god incarnate dates from as
Dictionary of Phrase and Fable
A′pis, in Egyptian mythology, is the bull symbolical of the god Apis. It was not suffered to live more than twenty-five years, when it was sacrificed and buried in great pomp. The madness of Cambysës is said to have been in retribution for his killing a sacred bull.
Ecclesiastical Dictionary: Containing, in Concise Form, Information upon Ecclesiastical, Biblical, Archæological, and Historical Subjects
Apis.—The bull worshiped by the ancient Egyptians, who regarded it as a symbol of Osiris, the god of the Nile, the husband of Isis, and the great divinity of Egypt.
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
APIS (Āʹ pĭs) Sacred bull worshiped in Memphis, Egypt. RSV and TEV divide the words in Jer. 46:15 differently than does printed Hebrew text. They thus translate, “Why has Apis fled?” (RSV) or “Why has your mighty God Apis fallen?” (TEV). Other translations retain the present Hebrew text and read, “Why
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
All the People in the Bible: An A–Z Guide to the Saints, Scoundrels, and Other Characters in Scripture
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
APIS ay´pis [חַף khaf; Ἄπις Apis]. Only Jer 46:15 refers to this bull, where the NRSV, following the LXX, divides the Hebrew as maduaʿ nas khaf (נָס חַף מַדּוּעַ; “Why has Apis fled?”), instead of maduaʿ niskhaf (מַדּוּעַ נִסְחַף), which the KJV translates as “Why are [they] swept away?” In their capital,