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Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Mentioned in two parallel lists of luxuries shipped to King Solomon from India or Africa; the list also includes peacocks, ivory, and silver and gold (1 Kgs 10:22 and 2 Chr 9:21). The apes were likely baboons, which have been found mummified in Egyptian tombs.
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Apes (Heb. kôphı̂m) are mentioned in 1 Kings 10:22 and 2 Chron. 9:21. There can be little doubt that the apes were brought from the same country which supplied ivory and peacocks, both of which are common in Ceylon; and Sir E. Tennent has drawn attention to the fact that the Tamil names for apes, ivory,
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Ape—an animal of the monkey tribe (1 Kings 10:22; 2 Chr. 9:21). It was brought from India by the fleets of Solomon and Hiram, and was called by the Hebrews koph, and by the Greeks kepos, both words being just the Indian Tamil name of the monkey, kapi, i.e., swift, nimble, active. No species of ape has
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
APE<ap> ( קוֹף [qoph]): The word occurs only in the two parallel passages (1 Kings 10:22; 2 Chronicles 9:21) in which the magnificence of Solomon is illustrated by the things which are brought to him from foreign countries. Apes are mentioned with gold, silver, ivory and peacocks. Peacocks are natives
apeHumans share more characteristics with the apes than with any other living organisms, and that may explain people’s fascination with these animals. Both apes and humans are members of the order Primates, which also includes the monkeys and the prosimians. The apes are usually divided into two subgroups:
monkeyFrom the tiny, playful marmosets of the Amazon rain forest to the formidable, cunning baboons of the African savannah, monkeys hold a particular appeal for humans. Along with apes, monkeys are a popular attraction in zoos, where their antics and their reputation for cleverness endear them to visitors.
Dictionary of Phrase and Fable
Ape. The buffoon ape, in Dryden’s poem called The Hind and the Panther, means the Free-thinkers.“Next her [the bear] the buffoon ape, as atheists use,Mimicked all sects, and had his own to choose.”Part i. 39, 40.He keeps them, like an ape, in the corner of his jaw; first mouthed, to be last swallowed
The Westminster Bible Dictionary
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
APE Large, semierect primate, mentioned only twice in the OT and not described. The ape was not native to the Holy Land, but the Israelites were familiar with it. Some types were kept as pets. They were among the gifts that the navy of Hiram brought to Solomon (1 Kings 10:22; 2 Chron. 9:21).The Hebrew