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Antiochus VII Sidetes
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Seleucid ruler from 138–129 bc; younger son of Demetrius I; brother of Demetrius II. When Antiochus’ older brother and rightful Seleucid king Demetrius II was captured by the Parthians, Antiochus VII defeated the usurping king, Trypho, and established himself on the throne.He curried favor with the Jews initially (1 Macc 15:1–9), but his later policies led to war (1 Macc 15:38–41; 16:1–10). In 135/134 bc Antiochus besieged Jerusalem and ultimately conquered it. He was killed in battle against the Parthians in 129 bc.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Antiochus VII Sidetes
Antiochus VII Sidetes (ca. 159–129 bc). Seleucid ruler from 138–129 bc; younger son of Demetrius I; brother of Demetrius II. When Antiochus’ older brother and rightful Seleucid king Demetrius II was captured by the Parthians, Antiochus VII defeated the usurping king, Trypho, and established himself on
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Antiochus (Person)
ANTIOCHUS (PERSON). A Macedonian name (“opposer”) borne by the father of Seleucus I, founder of the Seleucid dynasty of Syria, hence favored by the following kings of the dynasty.1. Antiochus I Soter (“savior”) (281–261 b.c.). Born 324 b.c., the son of Seleucus I and the Bactrian princess Apama, he
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Antiochus VII Sidetes
Antiochus VII Sidetes si-dētʹēz (so called because he was born in Sida in Pamphylia [Eusebius Chronicon- Armenian i.349]; called also Eusebēs—‘pious’ [Josephus Ant. xii.8.2]; on coins Euergetēs—‘benefactor’). Born 159 b.c., second son of Demetrius I; ruled 139/138–129 b.c.After his brother Demetrius
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Antiochus Vii
ANTIOCHUS VII Called Antiochus Sidetes (c. 159–129 bc), was king of Syria from 139/138 to 129 bc, son of Demetrius I and brother of Demetrius II. After the capture of Demetrius II, he became the third husband of his brother’s queen Cleopatra Thea and drove the usurper Trypho from the throne (139 bc).
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Antiochus
Antiochus (an-ti´uh-kuhs), a name borne by thirteen rulers or would-be rulers of the Seleucid dynasty (Hellenistic inheritors of Syria, southern Asia Minor, and other portions of the empire of Alexander the Great). The most significant of these was Antiochus IV Epiphanes, who ruled 175–164 bce, and it
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Antiochus
ANTIOCHUS. The name of 13 kings of the Seleucid dynasty which in the 40 years following the death of Alexander the Great in 323 bc had become master of Asia Minor, Syria and the more westerly of Alexander’s E dominions. Being a Hellenistic dynasty, they sought to maintain hold of this vast empire by
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Antiochus
Antiochus (Gk. Antɩ́ochos)The events described in 1-2 Maccabees and Daniel take place against the background of Seleucid history in the 2nd century b.c.e. The sequence of Seleucid rulers (with their approximate regnal years) is: Antiochus III (223–187), Seleucus IV Philopator (187–175), Antiochus IV
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Antiochus
Antiochus [ăn tīˊə kəs] (Gk. Antiochus “opposer”). The name of at least twelve Seleucid kings reigning over Syria between ca. 280 and 65 B.C.
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Antiochus
Anti´ochus (an opponent), the name of a number of kings of Syria who lived during the interval between the Old and New Testaments, and had frequent connection with the Jews during that period. They are referred to in the Apocrypha, especially in the books of the Maccabees.
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Antiochus
Antiochusthe name of several Syrian kings from 280 to 65. The most notable of these were, (1.) Antiochus the Great, who ascended the throne 223. He is regarded as the “king of the north” referred to in Dan. 11:13–19. He was succeeded (187) by his son, Seleucus Philopater, spoken of by Daniel (11:20)
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Antiochus
AntiochusAntiochus (an-tīʹuh-kuhs), a name borne by thirteen kings or pretenders of the Seleucid dynasty (Hellenistic inheritors of Syria, southern Asia Minor, and other portions of the empire of Alexander the Great). The land of Israel fell under Seleucid rule in 198 b.c., when Antiochus III (the
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Antiochus
ANTIOCHUS [an TIE oh kus] (withstander) — the name of 13 members of the Seleucid dynasty of Syria. The Seleucids governed Palestine from 280 b.c., following the division of Alexander the Great’s empire, until the Roman commander Pompey made Syria a Roman province in 63 b.c. The Book of Daniel prophesies
See also
Relatives
Demetrius Father
Demetrius Brother
Seleucus Grandfather
Roles