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Antiochus II Theos
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Succeeded Antiochus I Soter, his father, to the Seleucid throne (r. 261–246 bc). The Greeks of Miletus called him “Theos” (Θεός, Theos), meaning “the Divine” or “the God,” because he killed their tyrant Timarchus (Appian, Syriaca 65; compare Josephus, Antiquities 12.125). Antiochus II waged war with Ptolemy II Philadelphus, “the king of the south” (Dan 11:6–9). He made peace with Ptolemy in 250 bc and married Ptolemy’s daughter Berenice. Antiochus II, Berenice, and Berenice’s infant son were later assassinated by Antiochus’ first wife Laodice in 246 bc, so that Laodice’s son with Antiochus—Seleucus II Callinicus—would succeed to the throne (Appian, Syriaca 65–66).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Antiochus II Theos
Antiochus II Theos (286–246 bc). Succeeded Antiochus I Soter, his father, to the Seleucid throne (r. 261–246 bc). The Greeks of Miletus called him “Theos” (Θεός, Theos), meaning “the Divine” or “the God,” because he killed their tyrant Timarchus (Appian, Syriaca 65; compare Josephus, Antiquities 12.125).
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Antiochus (Person)
ANTIOCHUS (PERSON). A Macedonian name (“opposer”) borne by the father of Seleucus I, founder of the Seleucid dynasty of Syria, hence favored by the following kings of the dynasty.1. Antiochus I Soter (“savior”) (281–261 b.c.). Born 324 b.c., the son of Seleucus I and the Bactrian princess Apama, he
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Antiochus II Theos
Antiochus II Theos the-osʹ [GK. Theos—‘god,’ so surnamed “by the Milesians because he overthrew their tyrant Timarchus” (Appian Syr. 65)]. Born 286 b.c., son and successor of Antiochus I, 261–246 b.c. In the “Second Syrian War” (260–253 b.c.) he regained from Ptolemy II Philadelphus of Egypt much of
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
ANTIOCHUS II
ANTIOCHUS IISurnamed Theos ([Θεός, Theos], “god”): Son and successor of Antiochus (261-246 BC). He made a successful war on Ptolemy Philadelphus of Egypt, but was obliged to buy peace in 250 by divorcing his wife, Laodice, and by marrying Ptolemy’s daughter, Berenice. After the death of Ptolemy,
Ecclesiastical Dictionary: Containing, in Concise Form, Information upon Ecclesiastical, Biblical, Archæological, and Historical Subjects
Antiochus
Antiochus.—The name of twelve kings of Syria, of whom several have connection with the Old Testament. Antiochus II. (261–246 b.c.)—He is supposed to be the king of the North whom Daniel mentions (11:6) as forming a marriage connection with the king of the South (Egypt). Antiochus III., the Great (224–187).
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, Volumes I–III
ANTIOCHUS II
ANTIO′CHUS II. (Ἀντίοχος), king of Syria, surnamed THEOS (Θεός), a surname which he derived from the Milesians whom he delivered from their tyrant, Timarchus, succeeded his father in b. c. 261. Soon after his accession he became involved in war with Ptolemy Philadelphus, king of Egypt, which lasted
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
Antiochus II
ANTIOCHUS II, surnamed Theos (Θεός, Theós, “god”): Son and successor of Antiochus I (261–246 BC). He made a successful war on Ptolemy Philadelphus of Egypt, but was obliged to buy peace in 250 by divorcing his wife, Laodicc, and by marrying Ptolemy’s daughter, Berenice. After the death of Ptolemy, “the
All the People in the Bible: An A–Z Guide to the Saints, Scoundrels, and Other Characters in Scripture
Antiochus II Theos (261�246 BCE) (Te?�?, �God�)
Antiochus II Theos (261–246 bce) (Θεός, “God”)The son of Antiochus I, unlike his father, was considered an immoral, drunken, and dishonorable man who played politics and curried favorites unconscionably. After delivering the Milesians from the tyrant Timarchus he declared himself a god, thus his cognomen.
Antiochus
Antiochus [an--uh-kus] (1) the name of thirteen of the Seleucid (Syrian) emperors who played a major role in the transitional period from Old to New Testament times:– Antiochus I Soter (281–261 bce); not mentioned by name in the Bible– Antiochus II Theos (261–246 bce); probably the “King of the
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
2. Antiochus II Theos (261–46 BCE)
2. Antiochus II Theos (261–46 bce) was the son of Antiochus I and instigator of the Second Syrian War (ca. 260–53 bce) in which territory was gained in Asia Minor. Ptolemy II made peace by giving his daughter Berenice Syra in marriage to Antiochus. Antiochus’s son by his first wife Laodice was recognized