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Antiochians
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Citizens of Antioch (2 Macc 4:9, 19).Antiochus Epiphanes became king of Syria in 175 bc. Syria then ruled Judaea, and some of the Jews wished to abandon their law and live like Greeks. One of these was Jason, brother of the high priest Onias III, who bribed Antiochus to make him high priest (2 Macc 4:7–8). Jason also offered Antiochus money in exchange for enrolling the citizens of Jerusalem as Antiochians—citizens of Antioch. Jason also got permission to build a gymnasium and to spread Greek culture. Jason’s pro-Greek policies would lead to the wars in the books of Maccabees.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Antiochians
Antiochians (Ἀντιοχεις, Antiocheis). Citizens of Antioch (2 Macc 4:9, 19).Antiochus Epiphanes became king of Syria in 175 bc. Syria then ruled Judaea, and some of the Jews wished to abandon their law and live like Greeks. One of these was Jason, brother of the high priest Onias III, who bribed Antiochus
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Antiochians
ANTIOCHIANS [Gk Antiocheis (Ἀντιοχεις)]. Hellenized Jews living in Jerusalem enrolled as privileged citizens of Antioch (2 Macc 4:9, 19; see 1 Macc 1:13–14). “Antiochians” is the rendering of 2 Macc 4:9, 19 in the NAB. The term is variously rendered in other versions: “citizens of Antioch” or “Antiochian
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Antiochians
Antiochians an-teōkʹe-ənz [GK. Antiocheís]; NEB ANTIOCHENES; RSV “citizens of Antioch.” An honorary title that Jason promised to confer on Hellenized Jews of Jerusalem in return for his appointment as high priest (2 Macc. 4:7–9).Antiochus IV Epiphanes, who ruled Syria from 175–164 b.c., had determined
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Antiochians
ANTIOCHIANS “Turncoat” Jews of the intertestamental period who had largely abandoned their Judaism for Greek ideas and practices. During the reign of the Syrian king Antiochus Epiphanes (second century bc), Palestine was subjected to an intensive “Hellenizing” program. Many citizens of Jerusalem compromised
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
ANTIOCHIANS
ANTIOCHIANS<an-ti-o’-ki-ans> ([ ʼΑντιοχει̂ς, Antiocheis], peculiar to the Apocrypha, 2 Macc 4:9, 19): Antiochus Epiphanes was on the throne of Syria from 175 to 164 BC. His determined policy was to Hellenize his entire kingdom. The greatest obstacle to his ambition was the fidelity of the Jews to
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
Antiochene
Antiochene (Ἀντιοχεύς G523). Also Antiochian. This term is used in 2 Macc. 4:9, which indicates that the privilege “to enroll the people of Jerusalem as citizens of Antioch” (NRSV) was one of the favors purchased from Antiochus Epiphanes after his accession (in 175 b.c.) by Jason, the high priest who
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
Antiochians
ANTIOCHIANS, an-ti-ōʹki-ans (Ἀντιοχεῖς, Antiocheís, peculiar to the Apoc, 2 Macc 4:9, 19): Antiochus Epiphanes was on the throne of Syria from 175 to 164 BC. His determined policy was to Hellenize his entire kingdom. The greatest obstacle to his ambition was the fidelity of the Jews to their historic
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
ANTIOCHIANS
ANTIOCHIANS an´tee-ok´ee-uhns [Ἀντιοχεῖς Antiocheis]. Citizens of Antioch. JASON obtained the high priesthood from ANTIOCHUS IV by offering to pay 440 talents of silver (2 Macc 4:7–9) and an additional 150 talents if Antiochus would allow him to build a gymnasium and “enroll the people of Jerusalem
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