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Antigonus (son of Aristobulus II)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The last Hasmonean king of Judaea (d. 37 bc).Josephus records the story of Antigonus II, the son of Aristobulus II. Antigonus II was the high priest and monarch of Israel who lived during the time of the Roman conquest of Jerusalem. Pompey had enacted a military campaign against the Jews, placing Aristobulus in prison and restoring Hyrcanus II to the priesthood as a reward for collaborating with the Romans. Josephus states that the loss of Jerusalem to the Romans was caused by Aristobulus and Hyrcanus continually attempting to subvert each other. The hostility between these two prominent figures had led to the nation becoming vulnerable to a foreign power. Pompey assigned up to two Roman legions to the area and carried off Aristobulus and his children, one of whom was Antigonus.Josephus notes that Aristobulus, along with Antigonus, escaped from Rome and went to battle the Romans with an army of 8,000 soldiers. Aristobulus lost and was recaptured, but Antigonus was released. Antigonus, the last Hasmonean king of Judaea, overthrew Hyrcanus but was eventually captured by Herod. According to Josephus, Antony had Antigonus beheaded (Josephus, Antiquities 14.54–79; 14.92–103; 15.2–10).John B. Song
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Antigonus, Son of Aristobulus II
Antigonus, Son of Aristobulus II (Ἀντίγονος, Antigonos; alternate spelling Antigonos). The last Hasmonean king of Judaea (d. 37 bc).Josephus records the story of Antigonus II, the son of Aristobulus II. Antigonus II was the high priest and monarch of Israel who lived during the time of the Roman conquest
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Antigonus (son of Aristobulus II)
Antigonus (Gk. Antɩ́gonus)1. One of Alexander the Great’s generals, among the first of the Diadochi. Satrap in Phrygia during Alexander’s life, he began extending his power throughout the East in 316 b.c.e. He claimed the crown in 306, thus designating himself Alexander’s successor. Attacked by a coalition
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, Volumes I–III
ANTIGONUS
ANTI′GONUS (Ἀντίγονος), king of Judaea, the son of Aristobulus II. and the last of the Maccabees who sat on the royal throne. After his father had been put to death by Pompey’s party, Antigonus was driven out of Judaea by Antipater and his sons, but was not able to obtain any assistance from Caesar’s
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
ANTIGONUS
ANTIGONUS [Ἀντιγονος Antigonos]. Antigonus was a Hasmonean ruler installed by the Parthians (40–37 bce). Greek and Hebrew inscriptions on his bronze coins show that he adopted the titles of king and high priest. Some coins bear temple-related imagery, including the earliest known artistic depiction