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Anointing oil
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Used primarily for cooking, though it also was used for cosmetic, medicinal, and religious purposes. Olive oil was a large part of the Israelite economy, and in the Bible it is a symbol of divine favor.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Olive Oil
Olive Oil Used primarily for cooking, though it also was used for cosmetic, medicinal, and religious purposes. Olive oil was a large part of the Israelite economy, and in the Bible it is a symbol of divine favor.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Oil, Anointing
Oil, Anointing [Heb šemen hammišḥâ] (Ex. 25:6; 29:7, 21; etc.). Also referred to as “holy anointing oil” or simply “holy oil” (Nu. 35:25; Ps. 89:20 [MT 21]).In Ex. 30:22–33 Moses is instructed to use myrrh, cinnamon, aromatic cane, cassia, and olive oil to make a special anointing oil, holy to
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Oil, Holy Anointing
OIL, HOLY ANOINTING. The ceremony of using oil for the anointing of a person or object to be set apart for religious or civil service was very common in ancient times (e.g., Lev 8:12). However, specific instructions were given for the preparation of a special anointing oil used solely in the consecration
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Oil, Holy, Anointing
OIL, HOLY, ANOINTING. The mode of preparing this oil is prescribed (Ex. 30:22–25). It was a compound consisting of one hin (about one gallon) of olive oil, 500 shekels of pure myrrh, 250 shekels of cane, 250 shekels of fragrant cinnamon, and 500 shekels of cassia (the aromatic bark of a shrub that grows
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
OIL, ANOINTING
OIL, ANOINTING[שֶׁמֶן הַמִּשְׁחָה, shemen hamishchah]): This holy oil, the composition of which is described in Exodus 30:22–33, was designed for use in the anointing of the tabernacle, its furniture and vessels, the altar and laver, and the priest, that being thus consecrated, they might be “most
A Catholic Dictionary
Oils
oils, holy. There are three holy oils, consecrated by the bishop on Holy Thursday, and received from him by the priests who have charge of parishes and districts.(1) The oil of catechumens, used in blessing fonts, in baptism, consecration of churches, of altars whether fixed or portable, ordination
Ecclesiastical Dictionary: Containing, in Concise Form, Information upon Ecclesiastical, Biblical, Archæological, and Historical Subjects
Oils
Oils (Holy).—Holy oils or olive oil which the Church employs in the administration of certain sacraments, for the ordinations and consecrations. They are: 1. Pure, without mixture, such as the oil of the Catechumens, for baptism; the oil of the sick for extreme unction. 2. Mixed with balsam, a mixture
Key passages
Ex 30:31–33

“And you will speak to the Israelites, saying, ‘This will be my holy anointing oil throughout your generations. It will not be poured on human flesh, and with its measurements you will not make any like it; it is holy; it will be holy to you. Anyone who compounds perfume like it and who …

Ex 37:29

And he made the holy anointing oil and the pure fragrant incense—work of a perfumer.

Le 8:12

Then he poured out part of the anointing oil on Aaron’s head—thus he anointed him in order to consecrate him.

Nu 4:16

“Eleazar son of Aaron the priest is to supervise the oil of the light source, the incense, the regular grain offering, the oil of anointment, the supervision of all the tabernacle and all that is in it, in the sanctuary and in its vessels.”

Ps 89:20

I have found David, my servant. With my holy oil I have anointed him,

See also
Topics & Themes
Oil
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