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Annas
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A Jewish high priest mentioned in several places in the New Testament (Luke 3:2, John 18:24, Acts 4:6) who was also the father-in-law of Caiaphas (John 18:13).Annas was appointed high priest sometime around ad 6 by Quirinius, who was the governor of Syria. He served in this office until ca. ad 14–15, when he was removed by Valerius Gratus. Six of his family members or descendants later served as high priest, the most notable of whom were his son Eleazar and his son-in-law Caiaphas, also known as Joseph, who held the office from ad 18–36 (Matt 26:3–5).Even after Annas’ official role as high priest ended, he apparently still wielded considerable authority and influence. This is seen most clearly in his presence at the trial of Jesus, when it was in fact Caiaphas who was officially presiding (John 18:12–24). Annas—along with the Sadducees, other priests, and teachers of the law—was also involved in the investigation, questioning, and persecution of the early church in the book of Acts (Acts 4:1–22).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Annas
Annas (Ἃννας, Hannas). A Jewish high priest mentioned in several places in the New Testament (Luke 3:2, John 18:24, Acts 4:6) who was also the father-in-law of Caiaphas (John 18:13).Annas was appointed high priest sometime around ad 6 by Quirinius, who was the governor of Syria. He served in this office
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Annas (Person)
ANNAS (PERSON) [Gk Hannas (Ἁννας)]. High priest in Jerusalem between ca. a.d. 6, when he was appointed by Quirinius, and a.d. 15, when he was removed by Valerius Gratus (Ant 18.2.1, 2 §§ 26–35; Luke 3:2). Annas’ later prominence, long after his deposition, and the success of his family in high priestly
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Annas
Annas. Jewish high priest from ad 7 to ad 15. Appointed by Quirinius, Roman governor of Syria, Annas was put out of office by Valerius Gratus, procurator of Judea. Annas was succeeded by three minor figures before the post was assumed by his son-in-law Caiaphas (Jn 18:13, 24). The tenure of Caiaphas
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Annas
Annas anʹəs [GK. Hannas, Josephus Ananos or Hananos<Heb ḥānān—‘merciful, gracious’ (cf. Neh. 8:7, etc.)].
Annas (high priest)
1. A high priest of the Jews, the virtual head of the priestly party in Jerusalem in the time of Christ. He was a man of commanding influence.The son of Seth (Josephus “Sethi”), he was elevated to the high-priesthood by Quirinius, governor of Syria, a.d. 7. At this period the office was filled and vacated
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Annas
ANNAS Jewish high priest from ad 7 to 15. Appointed by Quirinius, Roman governor of Syria, Annas was put out of office by Valerius Gratus, procurator of Judea. Annas was succeeded by three minor figures before the post was assumed by his son-in-law Caiaphas (Jn 18:13, 24). The tenure of Caiaphas extended
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Annas
Annas (an´uhs) or Ananus, son of Seth and high priest installed by Quirinius in 6 ce; he was deposed in 15 ce. Annas’s family was wealthy and influential, and five of his sons as well as his son-in-law Joseph Caiaphas attained the office of high priest. Annas is called “high priest” in Luke 3:2 and Acts
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Annas
ANNAS. The Jewish high priest appointed about a.d. 6 by Quirinius, governor of Syria. While Annas was deposed in a.d. 15, his prestige and control to the temple still continued in that five of his sons and his son-in-law Caiaphas became high priests after him. Luke was indicating the real state of affairs
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Annas
ANNAS. Annas or Ananos, son of Seth, was appointed high priest in ad 6 and deposed in ad 15. In the NT he is still referred to as high priest after ad 15. This may be for one of three reasons. First, though the Romans deposed high priests and appointed new ones, the Jews thought of the high priesthood
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Annas
Annas (Gk. Hánnas)High priest appointed by Quirinius, the governor of Syria, who served 6–15 c.e. (Josephus Ant. 18.2.1–2 [26–27]). Five of his sons and his son-in-law Caiaphas became high priests. Although Jesus’ arrest, trial, and execution occurred during Caiaphas’ priesthood, Annas is designated
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Annas
Annas [ănˊəs] (Gk. Hannas, possibly from Heb. ananyāhû “the Lord is gracious”). A Jewish high priest, the son of Seth. He was installed ca. A.D. 6 by Quirinius, governor of Syria, and deposed in 15 by Gratus, procurator of Judea. He retained considerable influence afterward, however, partly
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Annas
ANNAS (Greek Hannas) The father-in-law of the high priest Caiaphas and former high priest in his own right; Annas took part in the trial of Jesus and wielded considerable influence in the Sanhedrin. According to Josephus (Ant. 18.12), Annas received appointment as high priest in a.d. 6 by Quirinius,
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Annas
Annas. The Jewish *High Priest from AD 6 (or 7) to 15. In the latter year he was deposed by the procurator, Valerius Gratus, and succeeded by his son-in-law, *Caiaphas, though, as appears from Lk. 3:2, Jn. 18:13, and Acts 4:6, he continued to have at least a share in his former office, and could even
See also
Relatives
Caiaphas Son-In-Law
Alexander Relative
Roles