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Animal skin
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A material made from an animal hide through the process of tanning. Leather was used for a variety of materials mentioned in the Bible, including footwear, clothing, armor, and shield coverings (Gen 3:21; Mark 1:6; King, Life, 163). The tanning process also was applied to the stomachs and bladders of animals to create skeins to hold liquids. Additionally, leather often was used in documentation and writing and thus was the primary medium for scribes, as evidenced in the surviving manuscripts of the ancient world. Many fragments of text from Qumran are written on leather (King, Life, 309).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Leather
Leather A material made from an animal hide through the process of tanning. Leather was used for a variety of materials mentioned in the Bible, including footwear, clothing, armor, and shield coverings (Gen 3:21; Mark 1:6; King, Life, 163). The tanning process also was applied to the stomachs and bladders
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Leather
Leather. Material made of animal hide, used extensively in Bible times for a wide variety of purposes. It was used as clothing in early times (Gn 3:21). At the beginning of the period of the prophets their raiment, made from animal skins, became a means of identifying them (2 Kgs 1:8; Zec 13:4). Elijah’s
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Goatskins
Goatskins [Heb. taḥaš, ʿôr taḥaš] (Ex. 25:5; 26:14; 35:7, 23; 36:19; 39:34; Nu. 4:6, 8, 10–12, 14, 25); AV BADGERS’ SKINS; NEB PORPOISE-HIDE, mg “hide of sea-cow”; [Gk. aígeion dérma] (He. 11:37).Taḥaš seems to designate some sort of animal whose skin was used as a covering for the tabernacle,
Leather
Leather[Heb ʿôr] (2 K. 1:8); [tāḥaš] (Ezk. 16:10); AV BADGERS’ SKINS; NEB STOUT HIDE; [Gk. dermátinos] (Mt. 3:4; Mk. 1:6); AV LEATHERN, SKIN. Skins, usually of domesticated animals (esp sheep and goats), treated for practical uses. See also Tanned, Tanner; Goatskins; Sheepskin.The art of treating
Sheepskin
Sheepskin Leather prepared from the skin of a sheep. Since sheep and goats were the most common domesticated animals in biblical times, one may assume that the tanned skins of these animals were used extensively for domestic purposes. Our knowledge of their use is limited, however, since the Bible contains
Skin
Skin The outer surface or protective covering of the flesh of humans, animals, and plants. The usual OT term translated “skin” is Heb. ʿôr (e.g., Gen. 3:21; Ex. 22:27; 34:29f, 35; Lev. 4:11; 13:2–59; Job 2:4; 19:20; 41:7; Jer. 13:23); other OT terms include geleḏ (Job 16:15; NEB “body”), hēmeṯ (Gen.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Leather
LEATHER Prepared animal hide, used extensively in Bible times for a wide variety of purposes. It was used as clothing in early times (Gn 3:21). At the beginning of the period of the prophets, their raiment, made from animal skins, became a means of identifying them (2 Kgs 1:8; Zec 13:4). Elijah’s mantle
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Leather
leather, processed animal hides suitable as rough clothing (Elijah’s belt, 2 Kings 1:8; John the Baptist’s belt, Matt. 3:4; Mark 1:6) or as fine accoutrements (the shoes of Ezek. 16:10). Leather was also employed in covering the tabernacle (Exod. 25:5; nrsv: “fine leather”). Although the variety of animal
Skins
skins. Animal skins, called simply “skins” in the Bible, were used for three primary purposes: garments, shelter, and drinking vessels. The first of these is referred to at the conclusion of the Adam and Eve story, when God makes “garments of skins for the man and for his wife” and clothes them (Gen.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Leather
LEATHER. In the preparation of leather, the hair was removed from skins, usually sheep or goat skins, by the use of lime or a substitute. The skins were then dried in the sun and treated with sumac pods, pine or oak bark, or leaves. For fine leather, alum was used. Sometimes the skins were dyed. Various
Rams' Skins
RAMS’ SKINS. The skins of male sheep were utilized in the construction of the tabernacle (q.v.) after proper preparation by dyeing or tanning. They are first mentioned in Ex 25:5 where God instructs Moses to advise the people to bring such skins for work on the tabernacle. Rams’ skins were to be the
Sheepskins
SHEEPSKINS. A sheepskin prepared with the wool still on it, used for a crude garment by the very poor (Heb 11:37).
Skin
SKIN. The rendering of several Heb. and Gr. words.1. Generally Heb. ˓ôr (perhaps from ˓ûr, “to be naked, bare”), meaning the skin or hide of man, the hide of animals, and treated hide or leather (Ex 22:27; 29:14; Gen 3:21; etc.). The various colors of the skin of infected persons helped to determine
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Badgers’ Skins
BADGERS’ SKINS (Heb. taḥaš, probably from Egyp. ṯḥs, ‘leather’, and Arab. tuh̬asun, ‘dolphin’). Mentioned in av as the upper covering of the tabernacle, etc. (Ex. 25:5; 26:14, etc., in all of which cases rsv has ‘goatskins’), and as the material used in making sandals (Ezk. 16:10, where rv has ‘sealskin’,
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Leather
LeatherThe raw material for many commonly used products in ancient times, including belts, shoes, boots, and sandals (Ezek. 16:10). John the Baptist wore a leather belt (Matt. 3:4; Mark 1:6), as did Elijah (2 Kgs. 1:8). Hides of animals with the holes sewn up held milk, water, and wine (Judg. 4:19;
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Goatskins
Goatskins (Heb. taḥaš; Gk. aígeion dérma).† Part of the material used in the covering of the tabernacle (Exod. 26:14; 36:19; 39:34; Num. 4:25), donated by the people (Exod. 22:5; 35:7, 23). It was also used to cover the ark and the vessels and utensils of the altar (Num. 4:6, 8, 10–12, 14).
Leather
Leather. (Heb. ˓ôr “skin”; Gk. dermátinos).† The tanned skins of various animals were used for a wide variety of purposes, including clothing (2 Kgs. 1:8; Matt. 3:4; cf. Lev. 13:47–59; RSV “skin”), slings (cf. 1 Sam. 25:29), shepherds’ bags (17:40), containers for liquids (Gen. 21:14; Matt.
Skin
Skin (Heb. ḥēmeṯ, nō˒ḏ, ˒ôḇ; Gk. askós). Whole animal skins, generally goatskins, were used for protecting and transporting liquids (e.g., Gen. 21:14; Josh. 9:4; Judg. 4:19; 1 Sam. 16:20). Wine was both fermented and stored in skins. Because of the gases released in the process of fermentation,
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Leather
LEATHER Raw hides and skins were most probably the earliest form of covering for the human body, and the large variety of flint scrapers and burins found in quantities on prehistoric sites were no doubt used to treat hides. To prevent decay they had to be ‘cured’. In the earliest periods (and even in
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Badger Skins
Badger Skins. There is much obscurity as to the meaning of the word tachash, rendered “badger” in the Authorized Version, Ex. 25:5; 35:7, etc. The ancient versions seem nearly all agreed that it denotes not an animal but a color, either black or sky-blue. The badger is not found in the Bible lands. The
Leather
Leather. The notices of leather in the Bible are singularly few; indeed the word occurs but twice in the DAV, and in each instance in reference to the same object, a girdle. 2 Kings 1:8; Matt. 3:4. There are, however, other instances in which the word “leather” might with propriety be substituted for
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Rams' Skins
RAMS’ SKINS. Dyed red rams’ skins formed part of the offering made by the Israelites to the Tabernacle (which see).
Sheepskins
SHEEPSKINS (Gk. mēlōtē). A simple garment made of the sheep’s pelt (see Dress, no. 1); used figuratively (Heb. 11:37) to represent a condition of extreme poverty.
Skin
SKIN. The term skin is used in several ways in Scripture.1. The rendering generally of the Heb. ˓ôr (“naked”), and meaning the skin of a man, the skin or hide of animals (Lev. 7:8; etc.); also as prepared, i.e., leather (11:32; cf. 13:48; Num. 31:20).2. The human skin as smooth and naked (Job 16:15),