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Angel
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Angels
Angel (מַלְאָךְ‎, mal'akh; מַלְאַךְ‎, mal'akh; ἄγγελος, angelos). Heavenly messengers in the Bible. The Hebrew and Greek words usually translated as “angel” are probably better translated as “messenger.”
Angel, Critical Issues
Angel, Critical Issues (מַלְאָךְ‎, mal'akh;, ἄγγελος, angelos). Discusses the development of angelology, the extent of cultural influence, the characterization of “angel,” and the iconographic development of angels.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Angels
ANGELS. In modern usage the term “angels” refers to heavenly beings whose function it is to serve God and to execute God’s will.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Angel
Angel. Messenger of God or supernatural being, either good or evil, with greater than human powers.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Angel
ANGEL Messenger of God or supernatural being, either good or evil, with powers greater than humans possess.The first kind of angels mentioned in the Bible are cherubim (plural of “cherub,” a Hebrew word). They were celestial beings sent by God to guard the tree of life in the Garden of Eden (Gn 3:24).
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Angel
angel (Gk. angelos, “messenger”), a spiritual being, subordinate to God, who serves at God’s command and pleasure to deliver messages, help people, and punish God’s enemies. In the Bible, angels appear in the stories of the ancestors (e.g., Gen. 16:7–14; 19:1–22; 22:11, 15–18; 28:12; 31:11–13; 32:1–2)
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Angel
ANGEL (Heb. mal˒āk and Gr. aggelos, “agent,” “messenger”)The Nature and Rank of AngelsAngels are a supernatural order of heavenly beings separately created by God before the creation of the world (cf. Job 38:6–7) and called spirits (Heb 1:4, 14). Though without bodily organism, they have been permitted
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Angel
ANGEL. A biblical angel (Heb. mal’āḵ, Gk. angelos) is, by derivation and function, a messenger of God, familiar with him face to face, therefore of an order of being higher than that of man. He is a creature certainly, holy and uncorrupted spirit in original essence, yet endowed with free will, therefore
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Angel
AngelA spiritual being, primarily a messenger (Heb. malʾāḵ; Gk. ángelos) for God (e.g., Gen. 16:7, 9; Exod. 3:2; Num. 22:22–35). Other designations include “sons of God” (Job 1:6; Ps. 29:1), “holy ones” (e.g., Ps. 89:7; Dan. 8:13, and “watchers” (Dan. 4:13, 17, 23 [MT 10, 14, 20]). Sometimes “heavenly
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Angel
Angel (Heb. mal˒āḵ “messenger”; Gk. ángelos; Lat. angelus). A spiritual being serving God and supporting mankind.Heb. mal˒āḵ can be used not only in reference to an ordinary messenger (e.g., 1 Kgs. 19:2) but also to a divinely sent messenger (e.g., a prophet [Hag. 1:13], or simply the Lord’s
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible
Angel I
ANGEL I מלאךI. The consonants lʾk in the Semitic languages signify ‘send’, with a more focused nuance in certain languages of specifically ‘send with a commission/message’ (Cunchillos 1982). The mēm- prefix and a-vowels of Heb malʾāk conform generally to what is expected for an instrumental noun (maqtal)
Angel II
ANGEL II ἄγγελοςI. Angelos (“messenger”; Vg and VL angelus) is in Greek, Early Jewish and Christian literature the most common designation of an otherworldly being who mediates between →God and humans. In LXX the word is usually the translation of malʾak. It occurs 175 times in NT (according to the
Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels
Angels
AngelsAccording to the Gospels, angels are spirit beings who serve God*, particularly in connection with Jesus’ work of proclaiming and establishing the kingdom of God. They are important in passages dealing with certain significant events in Jesus’ life and work, including his birth*, the temptations*
Key passages
Nu 22:21–35

So Balaam got up in the morning and saddled his donkey, and he went with the princes of Moab. But God became angry because he was going, and the angel of Yahweh stood in the road as an adversary to him; he was riding on his donkey, and two servants were with him. …

Mt 26:53

Or do you think that I cannot call upon my Father, and he would put at my disposal at once more than twelve legions of angels?

Lk 2:8–14

And there were shepherds in the same region, living out of doors and keeping watch, guarding over their flock by night. And an angel of the Lord stood near them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were terribly frightened. And the angel said to …

Heb 1:5–13

For to which of the angels did he ever say, “You are my son, today I have begotten you,” and again, “I will be his father, and he will be my son”? And again, when he brings the firstborn into the world, he says, “And let all the angels of God worship …

1 Pe 1:12

to whom it was revealed that they were serving not themselves but you with reference to the same things which now have been announced to you through those who proclaimed the gospel to you by the Holy Spirit sent from heaven, things into which angels desire to look.

Re 12:7

And there was war in heaven; Michael and his angels fought against the dragon, and the dragon and his angels fought back.

See also
Ge 3:1–24; Ge 6:1–8; Ge 16:1–16; Ge 18:1–15; Ge 19:1–29; Ge 21:8–21; Ge 22:1–19; Ge 24:1–9; Ge 24:29–49; Ge 28:10–22; Ge 31:1–21; Ge 32:1–21; Ge 48:1–22; Ex 3:1–22; Ex 14:1–31; Ex 23:20–33; Ex 32:1–33:6; Nu 20:14–21; Nu 22:22–40; Dt 33:1–29; Jos 5:13–15; Jdg 2:1–6; Jdg 5:1–31; Jdg 6:11–27; Jdg 13:1–25; 2 Sa 24:10–17; 1 Ki 19:1–18; 2 Ki 1:1–18; 2 Ki 6:8–23; 2 Ki 19:35–37; 1 Ch 21:1–30; 2 Ch 32:20–23; Ne 9:1–21; Job 4:1–21; Job 33:1–33; Job 38:1–24; Ps 8:1–9; Ps 34:1–22; Ps 35:1–28; Ps 78:32–55; Ps 91:1–16; Ps 103:1–22; Ps 148:1–14; Is 6:1–13; Is 37:36–38; Is 63:7–14; Eze 1:1–28; Eze 10:1–22; Eze 11:14–25; Eze 28:11–19; Eze 41:13–26; Da 3:19–4:27; Da 6:18–23; Da 7:15–8:27; Da 9:20–27; Da 10:10–11:4; Da 12:1–13; Ho 11:12–12:14; Zec 1:7–2:5; Zec 3:1–6:8; Zec 12:1–9; Mt 1:18–25; Mt 2:13–15; Mt 2:19–23; Mt 4:5–11; Mt 13:36–43; Mt 13:47–50; Mt 16:27–28; Mt 22:23–33; Mt 24:27–31; Mt 24:36–44; Mt 25:31–46; Mt 26:47–56; Mt 28:1–8; Mk 1:12–13; Mk 8:34–38; Mk 12:18–27; Mk 13:24–27; Mk 13:32–37; Mk 16:1–8; Lk 1:11–38; Lk 2:8–24; Lk 4:1–13; Lk 9:23–26; Lk 12:1–12; Lk 15:8–10; Lk 16:19–31; Lk 20:27–38; Lk 24:1–32; Jn 1:43–51; Jn 12:27–36; Jn 20:11–18; Ac 1:9–11; Ac 5:17–21; Ac 7:17–36; Ac 7:51–53; Ac 8:26–40; Ac 10:1–8; Ac 10:17–33; Ac 11:1–18; Ac 12:5–24; Ac 22:30–23:10; 1 Co 6:1–11; 1 Co 11:2–16; 1 Co 13:1–13; Ga 1:6–10; Ga 3:19–25; Ga 4:8–20; Col 1:9–18; Col 2:11–23; 1 Th 4:13–18; 2 Th 1:3–12; 1 Ti 3:14–16; 1 Ti 5:17–25; Heb 1:1–2:18; Heb 9:1–5; Heb 12:18–24; Heb 13:1–6; 1 Pe 1:3–12; 1 Pe 3:18–4:6; 2 Pe 2:4–11; Jud 5–11; Re 1:1–3; Re 1:9–5:14; Re 7:1–10:11; Re 11:15–19; Re 12:7–12; Re 14:6–18:8; Re 18:21–19:10; Re 19:17–20:3; Re 21:9–21; Re 22:1–17;