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Andronicus (deputy of Antiochus Epiphanes)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A high-ranking official under Antiochus IV Epiphanes who was responsible for the murder of Onias III (2 Macc 4:30–38). Antiochus left Andronicus in charge as his deputy when he left Antioch to deal with revolts in Asia Minor (2 Macc 4:30–31). According to 2 Maccabees 4:32–34, Andronicus murdered Onias III, a former Jewish high priest, at the urging of Menelaus, a man who had bribed Antiochus IV to give him the position of high priest in Jerusalem. The account in 2 Maccabees 4 depicts Antiochus IV as positively disposed toward Onias III and so greatly upset by the murder that he had Andronicus executed (2 Macc 4:35–38). Based on Greek sources, it appears more likely that Andronicus was eliminated for murdering the son of Seleucus IV, also named Antiochus, though Antiochus IV had undoubtedly sanctioned his nephew’s assassination (Diodorus Siculus xxx 7.2). Since the young Antiochus and Onias III died in the same year, Antiochus IV may have used the murder of Onias III as an excuse for eliminating Andronicus.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Andronicus the Deputy
Andronicus the Deputy (Ἀνδρονίκος, Andronikos). A high-ranking official under Antiochus IV Epiphanes who was responsible for the murder of Onias III (2 Macc 4:30–38). Antiochus left Andronicus in charge as his deputy when he left Antioch to deal with revolts in Asia Minor (2 Macc 4:30–31). According
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Andronicus (Person)
ANDRONICUS (PERSON) [Gk Andronikos (Ἀνδρονικος)]. 1. A deputy of Antiochus IV Epiphanes (2 Macc 4:31, 32, 34, 38). According to the account in 2 Macc 4:30–38, when a revolt broke out in Tarsus and Mallus, Antiochus left Andronicus, a Friend of the King (v 38), in charge as his deputy. Menelaus used
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Andronicus
Andronicus. 1. Deputy of Seleucid king Antiochus Epiphanes. This Andronicus aroused the Jews by murdering Onias, the high priest, and was himself then executed by Antiochus (2 Mc 4:31–38).2. Officer in charge of Gerizim after Antiochus Epiphanes sacked Jerusalem (2 Mc 5:21–23).3. Christian greeted
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Andronicus (deputy of Antiochus Epiphanes)
1. A deputy of Antiochus Epiphanes who, while ruling at Antioch, excited the Jews by the murder of Onias, and upon their formal complaint was executed by his superior (2 Macc. 4:32–38).
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Andronicus
ANDRONICUS1. Deputy of Seleucid king Antiochus Epiphanes. This Andronicus aroused the Jews by murdering Onias, the high priest, and was himself then executed by Antiochus (2 Macc 4:31–38).2. Officer in charge of Gerizim after Antiochus Epiphanes sacked Jerusalem (2 Macc 5:21–23).3. Christian greeted
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Andronicus
ANDRONICUS. A Christian leader and kinsman of Paul. The recipients of the Roman letter were asked by Paul to greet him (Rom 16:7). He had been in jail with Paul at sometime in the past and was prominent among the apostles. He is mentioned along with Junia as having come to Christ before Paul.
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Andronicus and Junias, Junia
ANDRONICUS AND JUNIAS, JUNIA. (av ‘Junia’ is feminine—perhaps Andronicus’ wife? rsv ‘Junias’ would be masculine, contracted from Junianus.) Affectionately greeted by Paul (Rom. 16:7) as (1) ‘kinsmen’, i.e. probably fellow-Jews, as in Rom. 9:3 (but see MM, syngenēs, for this word as a title of honour);
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Andronicus
Andronicus (Gk. Andrónikos)1. A deputy under Antiochus IV Epiphanes (2 Macc. 4:31–38). According to 2 Maccabees he was bribed by Menelaus and subsequently encouraged to murder Onias in retaliation for exposing the crime; for this Antiochus ordered his execution. Other sources indicate Antiochus IV
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Andronicus
ANDRONICUS (Greek, “victorious over men”) The name of two men in the Bible.1. An official under the Seleucid ruler Antiochus IV Epiphanes. He was named viceroy over Antioch and was soon embroiled in a bribery scandal involving Menelaus. When the high priest Onias exposed the affair, Andronicus had him
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Andronicus
Androni´cus (man-conqueror).1. An officer left as viceroy, 2 Macc. 4:31, in Antioch by Antiochus Epiphanes during his absence. 2 Macc. 4:31–38. (b.c. 171.)2. Another officer of Antiochus Epiphanes who was left by him on Garizem. 2 Macc. 5:23.3. A Christian at Rome, saluted by St. Paul, Rom. 16:7,
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Andronicus
ANDRONI´CUS (an-dro-nīʹkus; “man-conquer- ing”). A Jewish Christian, kinsman and fellow prisoner of Paul. He was converted before Paul and was of note among the apostles (Rom. 16:7), a.d. 60. According to Hippolytus, he became bishop of Pannonia; according to Dorotheus, of Spain.
See also
Roles