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Anath
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The father of Shamgar, sometimes thought to be an Israelite judge (Judg 3:31; 5:6). There is confusion over the name, which is also the name of a Ugaritic goddess of fertility and war. This leads to questions about whether Anath is an Israelite convert, a military chief, or a city in Galilee. Anath can perhaps be best translated as “mercenary.”
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Anath
Anath (עֲנָת‎, anath). The father of Shamgar, sometimes thought to be an Israelite judge (Judg 3:31; 5:6). There is confusion over the name, which is also the name of a Ugaritic goddess of fertility and war. This leads to questions about whether Anath is an Israelite convert, a military chief, or a city
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Anath (Person)
ANATH (PERSON) [Heb ʿănāt (עֲנָת)]. Ostensibly the father of Shamgar, a judge of Israel (Judg 3:31), his identity and even reality have been questioned. Albright (ARI, 111) first suggested that the phrase ben-ʿănāt actually should be read bêt-ʿănāt (“house or temple of Anath”), a city in Galilee.
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Anath
Anath. 1. Parent of Shamgar, one of the judges of Israel (Jgs 3:31; 5:6). Since the name Anath is feminine, it is likely that Anath was Shamgar’s mother.2. Canaanite goddess of fertility.See Canaanite Deities and Religion.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Anath
Anath āʹnath [Heb. anāṯ; cf. Ugar. ‘nt]. The father of Shamgar (Jgs. 3:31; 5:6). Some scholars and the NEB emend “Shamgar ben Anath” to read “Shamgar of Bethanath,” designating either the Galilean city mentioned in Jgs. 1:33 or some other place where the Semitic goddess Anath had a sanctuary. Since,
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Anath
ANATH1. Parent of Shamgar, one of the judges of Israel (Jgs 3:31; 5:6). Since the name Anath is feminine, it is likely that Anath was Shamgar’s mother.2. Canaanite goddess of fertility. See Canaanite Deities and Religion.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Anath
ANATH1. Name of Canaanite goddess. See Gods, False: Anath.2. The town of Anata (Anathoth, the home of Jeremiah), three miles NNE of Jerusalem, bears the name of the goddess Anath, as do other place names, such as Beth-anoth (temple of Anath) in Judah (Josh 15:59) and Beth-anath in Naphtali (Josh 19:38;
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Anath (Person)
ANATH [āˊnăth] (Heb. ˓anāṯ) (PERSON). The father of Shamgar the judge (Judg. 3:31; 5:6).
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Anath
A´NATH (aʹnath; an “answer,” i.e., to prayer).1. The father of Shamgar, the third of the judges of Israel after the death of Joshua (Judg. 3:31; 5:6). Perhaps 1250 b.c.2. ‘Anat (Anath, ā˒năt), a N Semitic goddess, now well known from the religious epic literature discovered as Ras Shamra (ancient
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Anath
Anathan answer; i.e., to “prayer”, the father of Shamgar, who was one of the judges of Israel (Judg. 3:31).
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Anath
ANATH [A nath] — the father of Shamgar (Judg. 3:31; 5:6), the third judge of Israel. Some scholars believe Anath is a contraction of Beth Anath, an ancient fortified city of the Canaanites near the border of Naphtali and Asher. If this is correct, then Anath was the place from which Shamgar came, not
See also
Relatives
Shamgar Son
Topics & Themes