The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
ANALOGY. The relation of similarity or likeness between two objects of thought, used as a basis for inferring other resemblances less obvious. The word is derived from the Gr. ana, “according to”; and logos, in this use, “proportion” or “ratio”. The Gr. word occurs twice in the NT: Rom 12:6, translated
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
analogy (Gk. ἀναλογία orig. a mathematical term denoting proportion, but already used in a more general sense by *Plato and *Aristotle). In common modern usage the word signifies a resemblance or similarity between objects of discourse. More technically, however, analogy is a linguistic and semantic
Encyclopedia of the Reformed Faith
AnalogyDesignation for a type of predication between uninvocal (“having the same meaning”) and equivocal (“having different meanings”) predication. A term is analogous when it names a quality that is partly the same and partly different in two or more subjects. Its theological significance is to explain
Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics
Analogy, Principle Of
Analogy, Principle of. Two principles of analogy sometimes affect Christian apologetics. One is a rule of historicism, laid down by historian and liberal theologian Ernst Troeltsch (1865–1923) that the only way the past can be known is by analogy in the present. The implication of this rule is that,
The Thiselton Companion to Christian Theology
Analogy“Way of.” Analogy provides a way of understanding God and speaking of God that does not attribute to him an exact match with people, things, or qualities in the world. In this respect analogy stands in contrast with univocal meaning (a supposed exact match) and equivocal meaning (a relation of
Pocket Dictionary of the Reformed Tradition
analogia entis
analogia entis. A Latin phrase meaning “analogy of being,” the medieval principle of how human language, by principle of analogy, can also be applied to God. Two reasons are usually given to defend this principle: all created reality has been ordered by God to make this possible, and humans bear God’s
A Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels: Aaron–Zion
METAPHORS.—A metaphor is a blossom of one tree on the branch of another; it is a figure of speech by which a word or phrase is lifted to a meaning to which it is not literally entitled. A simple trope is a metaphor condensed. Similes are metaphors explained. Parables and allegories are similes or metaphors
Dictionary of Theological Terms
Analogy1. A form of scholastic* reasoning based on the inference that an object which resembles another in a number of points will probably resemble it in others. On this basis scholasticism developed an intricate system of natural theology,* arguing from the finite to the infinite. The basic fallacy
Evangelical Dictionary of Theology
Analogy. The basic idea is to draw a comparison between two or more things by indicating one or more respects in which they are similar. In theology, the concept is used in at least three ways.First, analogy is used in a methodological sense in order to warrant how we talk about God. Since God is the
Via Analogia
Via Analogia. An approach to human conceptualization about God that uses analogy. It seeks to escape the limitations imposed by the via negativa, which denies all positive attribution of God. The direct opposite of the via negativa is the via eminentia or via affirmativa, according to which all positive
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
ANALOGY. Analogy is comparison using one concept to understand or explain aspects of another concept. A kind of structural parallelism, classic analogy follows an “A is to B as C is to D” pattern. Analogy can reveal conventional ways of understanding or create new category connections, which writers
New Dictionary of Theology: Historical and Systematic
ANALOGYAnalogy refers to the use of the same word to express a similarity of some sort between two different entities, without that word meaning either exactly the same thing in both cases (which would be univocity) or something completely different (which would be equivocity).There are two principal