An Enemy
Any person opposed or hostile toward another person.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Enemy; Foe
Enemy; Foe [Heb. ʾōyēḇ, ṣar (ṣār), ṣōrēr, śōnēʾ, šôrêr (Ps. 5:8 [MT 9]; 27:11; 54:5 [MT 7]; 56:2 [MT 3]; 59:10 [MT 11]; 92:11 [MT 12]), ʿār (1 S. 28:16), qāmîm (Ex. 32:25), ʾaḵzārî—‘cruel’ (Jer. 30:14), ṣîyîm—‘dwellers in the wilderness’ (Ps. 72:9); Aram ʿār (Dnl. 4:19); Gk.
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
ENEMY. One who hates another and seeks his hurt; a foe or adversary; also, a hostile nation or army.A number of terms express in different ways the underlying idea of enemy. In the OT Heb. ’ōyēb (possible original idea of breathing, blowing, puffing, an idea often applied to anger and hatred) is rendered
Dictionary of Paul and His Letters
Enemy, enmity, hatredThe terminology of “enemy” (echthros), “enmity” (echthra), “hate” (miseō) and its various related images must be seen within the context of the dualism of Pauline thought. Humanity is divided by Paul into “those who are being saved” and “those who are perishing” (1 Cor 1:18; 2
Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary
ENEMY — one who opposes or mistreats another. Before Israel could serve as the channel of God’s grace to the world, its existence as a nation had to be securely established. The enemies of the Hebrew people were thus regarded as God’s enemies, and the reverse was also true (Ps. 139:20–22). In the New
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
EnemyThe world of the Bible is populated with a wide variety of enemies. If a first-time reader of the Bible were to begin with the thought that a “religious” book would be filled with sublime spirituality, remote from the realities of human existence, they would surely be surprised. If we were to extract
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
ENEMY<en’-e-mi> ([אֹיֵב‎, ’oyebh], [צַר‎, tsar], [צָר‎, tsar]; [ἐχθρός, echthros]): “Enemy,” “enemies,” are frequent words in the Old Testament. The Hebrew word most often so translated is ’oyebh, meaning perhaps literally, “one who hates”; very frequent in the Psalms, e.g. 3:7; 6:10; 7:5;
A Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels: Aaron–Zion
ENEMIES (ἐχθρός).—1. Of public enemies: twice in the Benedictus, Lk 1:71, 74, where the word implies Gentile persecutors. In Lk 19:43 it is spoken of the Romans and their threatened siege of Jerusalem. In the quotation from Ps 110:1 which occurs in Mt 22:44, Mk 12:38, Lk 20:43, He 1:13, 10:13, the
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
ENEMY Adversary or foe; one who dislikes or hates another and seeks to harm the person. Sometimes referring to an individual opponent or to a hostile force, either a nation or an army.The natural inclination of all people is to hate their enemies. Some have even misconstrued God’s law to teach hatred.
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 2, D–G
enemy. One who feels or behaves in a hostile manner. Various Hebrew words may be translated “enemy,” especially ʾōyēb H367 (Gen. 22:17 and very frequently; cf. NIDOTTE, 1:365–71), ṣar H7640, “oppressor” (e.g., Gen. 14:20), and the participle of śānēʾ H8533, “to hate” (e.g., Gen. 24:60). In the
Dictionary of Biblical Prophecy and End Times
Foe from the North
Foe from the NorthSeveral Old Testament prophets mention an attack on Israel or Judah “from the north.” This is a prominent theme in the early chapters of Jeremiah, where the prophet repeatedly warns Judah of a coming judgmental invasion by a foe to the north (Jer. 1:13–16; 4:5–8, 13–22, 27–31; 5:15–17;
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
ENEMY, enʹe-mi (אֹיֵב‎, ’ōyēbh, צַר‎, çar, צָר‎, çār; ἐχθρός, echthrós): “Enemy,” “enemies,” are frequent words in the OT. The Heb word most often so trd is ’ōyēbh, meaning perhaps lit. “one who hates”; very frequent in the Pss, e.g. 3:7; 6:10; 7:5; 8:2; 9:3, 6; 13:2, where the cry is often for
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
ENEMY [אוֹיֵבʾoyev; ἐχθρός echthros]. The word most often translated enemy in the OT is the participial form (ʾoyev) of the verbal root ʾayav (אָיַב). Its general meaning is “one being hostile.” It is used some 270 times in the OT in a wide variety of contexts, but always of people or people groups.
NORTH, ENEMY FROM THE. Oracles of judgment in Jer 4–10 announce the coming attack of a foe from the north who will wreak havoc on Israel and Judah. Earlier commentators identified the enemy as the Scythians. Recently, however, commentators have moved away from this theory and no consensus has emerged.
See also