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Amphictyony
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A term meaning “a gathering of neighbors.” A coalition of minor political entities gathered by common religious identity into a semiunified whole. The term originally applied to Greek and Italic leagues from the Hellenistic to Roman periods. In the mid-twentieth century, biblical scholars (following Martin Noth) applied the concept of the amphictyony to the loose political organization of the 12 tribes of Israel during the period of the judges. This analogy has been largely abandoned in contemporary biblical scholarship.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Amphictyony
Amphictyony (ἀμφικτυονία, amphiktyonia). A term meaning “a gathering of neighbors.” A coalition of minor political entities gathered by common religious identity into a semiunified whole. The term originally applied to Greek and Italic leagues from the Hellenistic to Roman periods. In the mid-twentieth
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Amphictyony
AMPHICTYONY. That premonarchic Israel had a structure analogous to that of the classical amphictyony is a theory which enjoyed wide acceptance over half a century. The success of the theory resulted from its explanatory power: it not only provided a credible and illuminating account of an early obscure
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Amphictyony
Amphictyony [From GK. amphiktyonía]. A confederation or league of political units focused on a central religious shrine. On the basis of twelve-member leagues known from ancient Greece, particularly the Pylean-Delphic league, and Etruria, Martin Noth and other biblical scholars have suggested such
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
Amphictyony
amphictyony am-fik′tee-uh-nee. This term refers primarily to a league of Greek states united by common religious ideas and a central sanctuary. In biblical scholarship the term has been used by some (esp. M. Noth, Das System der zwölf Stämme Israels [1930]) to describe the structure of premonarchic Israel.
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
AMPHICTYONY
AMPHICTYONY. A league of groups, often characterized as twelve though numbers vary, that organized around a central religious shrine and cooperated in funding and administering the activities at that shrine. The term has its roots in classical Greece, and applies most famously to the Delphi amphictyony