Amoraim (אָמוֹרָאִים, amora'im). The amoraim were the Jewish scholars of Israel and Babylonia who, around ad 200–500, expounded the teachings of the Jewish rabbis who preceded them (known as the tannaim).
AMORA, AMORAIM. The traditional title for the Jewish rabbinic authorities (“rabbis”) living from about 200 c.e. to around 500 c.e. (the “Amoraic period” of rabbinic Judaism). The term (Heb ʾămôrʾa [sing.], ʾamôrʾaı̂m [pl.]) comes from the root (ʾmr) which means “to speak” or “to interpret.” The name
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
Amoraim (pl. of אֲמוֹרָה [from אָמַר H609, “to say”], “speaker, interpreter”). Title given to the rabbinic authorities that lived during the 3rd-6th centuries (contrast Tannaim). It thus refers to the scholars primarily responsible for the interpretation of the Mishnah and the formation of the Talmud.
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
AMORA, AMORAIM [אֲמוֹרָא ʾamoraʾ, אֲמוֹרִים ʾamorim]. Babylonian Aramaic noun denoting “speaker.” In Rabbinic literature the term designates 1) a rabbi’s spokesperson, the functional equivalent of the modern teaching assistant; and 2) rabbis from the close of the MISHNAH (ca. 220 ce) to the end of antiquity