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Alexandra Salome
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A Hasmonean queen of Judaea (76–67 bc) whose reign was characterized by relative peace with neighboring nations and a switch of allegiance to the party of the Pharisees. The second woman to sit on the throne in Jerusalem; the first was the usurper Athaliah in biblical times (2 Kgs 11:1–16; 2 Chr 22:10–23:15).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Alexandra Salome
Alexandra Salome (Ἀλέξανδρα Σαλώμη, Alexandra Salōmē). A Hasmonean queen of Judaea (76–67 bc) whose reign was characterized by relative peace with neighboring nations and a switch of allegiance to the party of the Pharisees. The second woman to sit on the throne in Jerusalem; the first was the usurper
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Alexandra Salome (Person)
ALEXANDRA SALOME (PERSON) [Gk Alexandra Salome (Ἀλεξανδρα Σαλομε)]. Var. SALINA. Wife of the Hasmonean kings Aristobulus I and Alexander Jannaeus; mother of the high priest John Hyrcanus II and of the pretender to the throne Aristobulus II; and ruler of Judaea 78–69 b.c.e. (Ant 13.11.2; 13.12.1; 13.15.5;
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Alexandra
Alexandra al-eg-zanʹdrə. Jewish ruler 76–67 b.c. Salome Alexandra was the wife of the Jewish ruler Aristobulus I (104–103 b.c.), one of the three sons of John Hyrcanus who succeeded to power when his father died in 105 b.c. Aristobulus was the first of the Hasmoneans to claim the title of king, but
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Alexandra
ALEXANDRA* Wife of the first Hasmonean to call himself king, Aristobulus (reigned 104–103 bc), and then of his brother Alexander Janneus (103–76 bc), probably through a “levirate” marriage. (Under certain circumstances a Jew was under obligation to marry his deceased brother’s widow.) When Janneus died,
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Salome Alexandra
Salome (suh-loh´mee) Alexandra (al´ig-zan´ druh), the wife of the Hasmonean king Alexander Jannaeus. She ruled over the Jewish state from her husband’s death in 76 bce until 67 bce and, so, became the nation’s only legitimate queen (an earlier queen, Athaliah, had seized the throne of Judah and ruled
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Alexandra
Alexandra (Gk. Aléxandra)1. Alexandra Salome, Hasmonean queen of Judea (76–67 b.c.e.), also known in Hebrew as Shelamzion (or Salome, a Greek diminutive of the Hebrew). The wife of Alexander Janneus (103–76), she may also have been the widow of Judah Aristobulus I (104–3), though this is uncertain
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Alexandra
AlexandraAlexandra, the wife of the Hasmonean king Alexander Jannaeus. She ruled over the Jewish state from her husband’s death in 76 b.c. until 69 b.c. The Pharisees enjoyed considerable influence during her reign, which was a peaceful time for the Macabbean kingdom. At her death, her two sons, Hyrcannus
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, Volumes I–III
SALOME
SALO′ME (Σαλώμη). 1. Also called Alexandra, was the wife of Aristobulus I., king of the Jews, on whose death, in b. c. 106, she released his brothers, who had been thrown by him into prison, and advanced the eldest of them (Alexander Jannaeus) to the throne (Joseph. Ant. xiii. 12. § 1, Bell. Jud. i.
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
Alexandra
Alexandra al′ig-zan′druh (Ἀλεξάνδρα). A Hasmonean ruler, the only Jewish queen regnant other than the usurper Athaliah. Known in Hebrew as Salamzion (other forms are Salome, Salina, etc.; see HJP, rev. ed. [1973–87], 1:229 n. 2), Alexandra was the wife of Aristobulus I (104–103 b.c.), and after his
All the People in the Bible: An A–Z Guide to the Saints, Scoundrels, and Other Characters in Scripture
Salome Alexandra
Salome Alexandra [suh-lō-mē al-ig-zan-druh] (Ἀλέξανδρα, fem. form of Alexander): the wife of Aristobulus (2); a Jewish queen 76–67 bce; not mentioned by name in the Bible or Apocrypha
Salome Alexandra (78–69 BCE)
Salome Alexandra (78–69 bce)Salome Alexandra was the first and only female Hasmonean ruler and only the second woman ever to rule the Jews (the other being Athaliah). She is not mentioned by name in the Apocrypha, but she merits attention because of her great contribution to Jewish history and faith.
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
ALEXANDRA SALOME
ALEXANDRA SALOME [Ἀλέξανδρα Σαλώμη Alexandra Salōmē]. A Jewish queen of the Hasmonean dynasty between 76–67 bce. Alexandra Salome was the last fully independent Hasmonean monarch. She inherited the throne from her husband, Alexander Jannaeus (r. 103–76 bce). On ascending the throne she reversed his
4. Alexandra Salome (76–67 BCE)
4. Alexandra Salome (76–67 bce)Having been the wife of two Hasmonean rulers, Alexandra now became one herself-and one of the few women rulers over Judah in history. The one feature that stands out in both of Josephus’ accounts is the extent to which the Pharisees dominated the reign of Alexandra. In