Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A Hasmonean king of Judaea (103–76 bc) whose reign was characterized by an aggressive militaristic expansion of territory and by domestic conflict, particularly with the Pharisees.
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
JANNEUS (PERSON). A Hasmonean king and high priest of Judea (103–76 b.c.e.). After Aristobulus died, his widow, Salome Alexandra, set free three of his brothers, one of whom, Janneus, she subsequently married. Janneus is known by the Gk form of his name to which he added Alexander. Alexander Janneus
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Janneus jə-nēʹəs [Gk. Iannaios]. The Hasmonean king and high priest of Judea (ca 103–76 b.c.), also named Alexander, under whose imperialistic policies that kingdom enjoyed its greatest expansion. Although during his lifetime he ruthlessly crushed the bitter opposition of the Pharisees to his rule,
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Alexander (Gk. Aléxandros)1. Alexander III of Macedon; son of Philip II of Macedon and Olympias. Alexander’s triumphant march across the ancient Near East was the catalyst which resulted in the cultural synthesis called Hellenism.Alexander was born in 356 b.c.e. and died 32 years later in 323 of exhaustion,
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, Volumes I–III
ALEXANDER, JANNAEUS (Ἀλέξανδρος Ἰανναῖος), was the son of Johannes Hyrcanus, and brother of Aristobulus I., whom he succeeded, as King of the Jews, in b. c. 104, after putting to death one of his brothers, who laid claim to the crown. He took advantage of the unquiet state of Syria to attack the
All the People in the Bible: An A–Z Guide to the Saints, Scoundrels, and Other Characters in Scripture
Alexander [al-ig-zan-der] (Ἀλέξανδρος, “Defender of Man”) (1) Alexander III of Macedon, “the Great” (1 Macc. 1:1) (2) Alexander Janneus, the same as Jonathan, the son of John Hyrcanus; not mentioned by name in the Bible (3) Alexander Balas, the usurper of the Syrian throne in 153 bce; called Alexander
Janneus [juh-nē-us] (Ἰανναῖος, from ינאי, variant of Jonathan, “Gift of Yahweh”): Jonathan, also called Alexander; king of Judea 103–76 bce; son of John Hyrcanus; not mentioned by name in the Bible
Janneus (Jannai or Jannaeus) (104–78 BCE)
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
ALEXANDER JANNAEUS, JANNEUS al´ig-zan´duhr [Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Ἰανναῖος Alexandros ho Iannaios]. In the Hasmonean Dynasty, following the death of John Hyrcanus in 103 bce, his oldest son, Aristobulus I (104–3) came to the throne but was quickly ousted by his brother, Alexander Jannaeus (103–76 bce). He
3. Alexander Janneus (103â€“76 BCE)
3. Alexander Janneus (103–76 bce)Josephus gives more detail about Alexander Janneus than any other Hasmonean ruler. Although the Jewish Antiquities gives more information than the Jewish War, the overall picture is essentially the same, with one exception: the significance of the Pharisees. Most of