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Alcimus
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A high priest for three years (ca. 161–159 bc), whose career is described in 1 Macc 7:4–50 and 9:1–57 (see also 2 Macc 14; Josephus, Antiquities 12.9–11; 20.10).Alcimus was a descendant of Aaron, but not in the line of high priests (1 Macc 7:14; Josephus, Antiquities 20.10). However, he desired to become high priest and got the help of Demetrius, who had just overthrown Antiochus Eupator and made himself king. Demetrius sent an army from Antioch under Bacchides to establish Alcimus in the high priesthood at Jerusalem.According to the Maccabean account, Alcimus was of the Hellenizing party of Jews, and therefore opposed by the Maccabees. Thus, when Bacchides left Jerusalem for Antioch, Simon Maccabeus attacked Alcimus, and he retreated to Syria. Demetrius then sent another army, led by Nicanor. Nicanor attacked Simon, but was killed. Bacchides himself then led a third army to save Alcimus. This time, Simon was killed and Alcimus was reestablished in Jerusalem as high priest. He died shortly afterward, possibly of a stroke (1 Macc 9:55–57).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Alcimus
Alcimus (Αλκιμος, Alkimos). A high priest for three years (ca. 161–159 bc), whose career is described in 1 Macc 7:4–50 and 9:1–57 (see also 2 Macc 14; Josephus, Antiquities 12.9–11; 20.10).Alcimus was a descendant of Aaron, but not in the line of high priests (1 Macc 7:14; Josephus, Antiquities 20.10).
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Alcimus (Person)
ALCIMUS (PERSON) [Gk Alkimos (Ἀλκιμος)]. Name of a high priest who held office in Jerusalem in the years 161–159 b.c.e. (1 Maccabees 7; 9; 2 Maccabees 14). He is condemned by the author of 1 Maccabees as the leader of the “lawless and irreligious” Jews (1 Macc 7:5). The name “Alcimus” is Greek, and
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Alcimus
Alcimus alʹsi-mus [Heb. ’elyāqûm—‘God will rise’; Gk. Alkimos—‘valiant’]. A high priest for three years, 163–161 b.c., the record of whose career may be found in 1 Macc. 7:4–50; 9:1–57; 2 Macc. 14; see also Josephus Ant. xii. 9–11; xx. 10 (sometimes “Iacimus”).Alcimus was a descendant of Aaron, but
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Alcimus
ALCIMUS Treacherous high priest of the intertestamental period of Jewish history. A descendant of Aaron but not of the legitimate high-priestly family, Alcimus was declared high priest by the Syrian king Demetrius I, about 163 bc. However, since he was a Hellenist, the Maccabeans who controlled Jerusalem
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Alcimus
Alcimus (al´si-muhs), a Jew installed by the Seleucids as high priest ca. 161–159 bce in opposition to the Maccabees (1 Macc. 7:5–25; cf. 2 Macc. 14:3–26). He is associated with both a plot that led to the slaughter of sixty Hasideans (1 Macc. 7:12–16) and the atrocities carried out by the Greek general
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Alcimus
Alcimus (Gk. Alkimos)A high priest in Jerusalem (161–159 b.c.e.), appointed by the Seleucid king Demetrius I Soter (1 Macc. 7; 2 Macc. 14). He had previously served as high priest (2 Macc. 14:3), evidence which supports the claim of Josephus that he initially was appointed by Antiochus V Eupator in
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Alcimus
Alcimus [ălˊsĭ məs] (Heb. ˓elyāqîm “God sets up”; Gk. Alkimos “brave”). A renegade Jew (1 Macc. 7:5, 9), a descendant of Aaron, and a member of the Hellenistic party during the Maccabean period. Eager to regain the office of high priest (2 Macc. 14:3), he denounced Judas Maccabeus before
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Alcimus
ALCIMUS (Greek Alkmos) A high priest in Jerusalem who was leader of the Hellenizing party and an opponent of the revolt by Judas Maccabeus (1 Macc 7; 2 Macc 14). According to Josephus (Ant. 12.385), Alcimus was appointed high priest in Jerusalem by the Seleucid king Antiochus V Eupator around 162 b.c.;
Harper’s Bible Dictionary
Alcimus
AlcimusAlcimus (alʹsi-muhs), a Jew installed by the Seleucids as high priest ca. 161-159 b.c. in opposition to the Maccabees (1 Macc. 7:5–25; cf. 2 Macc. 14:3–26). He was hated for such acts as treacherously slaughtering a group of Hasideans and giving orders to destroy the inner wall of the Temple
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
ALCIMUS
ALCIMUS<al’-si-mus> ( אֶלְיָקוּם‎ [’elyaqum], “God will rise”; [Αλκιμος, Alkimos], “valiant”): A high priest for three years, 163-161 BC, the record of whose career may be found in 1 Macc 7:4-50; 9:1-57; 2 Macc 14; see also Ant, XII, 9-11; XX, 10. He was a descendant of Aaron, but not in the
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, Volumes I–III
ALCIMUS
A′LCIMUS (Ἄλκιμος), also called Jacimus, or Joachim (Ἰάκειμος), one of the Jewish priests, who espoused the Syrian cause. He was made high priest by Demetrius, about b. c. 161, and was installed in his office by the help of a Syrian army. In consequence of his cruelties he was expelled by the Jews,
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
Alcimus
Alcimus al′si-muhs (Ἄλκιμος). High priest in Jerusalem from 163 to 161 b.c. Knowledge of him is derived chiefly from 1 Macc. 7:4–50; 9:1–57; 2 Macc. 14:1–27; Jos. Ant. 12.10. Although he was a descendant of Aaron, Alcimus was not of the priestly family and was the first such to be so appointed. At
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