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Ahimelech (son of Ahitub)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
A priest at Nob and father of David’s high priest Abiathar (1 Sam 21:1–2, 8; 22:9–20; 23:6; 30:7). Ahimelech may have also been called Ahijah the son of Ahitub (1 Sam 14:3, 18), but this is not certain.Ahimelech represents all the information available about the priestly office in Israel during the period between Eli and David. Ahimelech was the head of the large priestly establishment at Nob. Priests in this period, like Ahimelech, had families that also resided at Nob (1 Sam 22:19). It is clear that this establishment was large because 85 robed priests perished in a massacre during this period (1 Sam 22:17–18).When David came to Nob, fleeing Saul, Ahimelech gave him the bread that had been placed in Yahweh’s presence (1 Sam 21:6; Exod 25:30). He also gave him Goliath’s sword. Saul had Ahimelech killed for this kindness; Psalm 52 contains a superscription that remembers this event.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Ahimelech, Son of Ahitub
Ahimelech, Son of Ahitub (אֲחִימֶלֶךְ‎, achimelekh). A priest at Nob and father of David’s high priest Abiathar (1 Sam 21:1–2, 8; 22:9–20; 23:6; 30:7). Ahimelech may have also been called Ahijah the son of Ahitub (1 Sam 14:3, 18), but this is not certain.Ahimelech represents all the information available
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Ahimelech (Person)
AHIMELECH (PERSON) [Heb ʾăḥı̂melek (אֲחִימֶלֶך‎)]. 1. The son of Ahitub, and father of Abiathar (1 Sam 21:2–10—Eng 21:1–9; 22:9–20; 23:6; 30:7). Ahimelech is sometimes identified with Ahijah (1 Sam 14:3, 18), but it is more likely that Ahijah is his brother (McCarter, 1 Samuel AB, 239). If true, this
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Ahimelech
Ahimelech. 1. A priest at Nob who aided David in his flight from Saul (1 Sm 21:1–9). When he was asked for food, all that he could provide was the holy bread in the tabernacle (Jesus referred to this incident in Mt 12:1–8). Doeg the Edomite subsequently reported this action to Saul, who ordered Ahimelech
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Ahimelech (son of Ahitub)
1. The son of Ahitub of the house of Eli, and father of Abiathard (1 S. 21:2f, 8; 22:9–20; 30:7). Ahijah (1 S. 14:3, 18) may be the same person or Ahimelech’s brother.Ahimelech was high priest at Nob, the site of which is not known exactly though it was probably near Jerusalem (Isa. 10:29–32). It was
Ahimelech
Ahimelech ə-himʹə-lek [Heb. aḥîmeleḵ—‘brother of a king’ or ‘my brother is king’].
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Ahimelech
AHIMELECH1. A priest at Nob who aided David in his flight from Saul (1 Sm 21:1–9). When he was asked for food, all he could provide was the holy bread in the tabernacle (Jesus referred to this incident in Mt 12:1–8). Doeg the Edomite subsequently reported this action to Saul, who ordered Ahimelech put
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Ahimelech
Ahimelech (uh-him´uh-lek; Heb., “my brother is king”).1 The son of Ahitub and priest of Nob to whom David fled from the wrath of Saul (1 Sam. 21:1–15). In response to David’s claim to being on a secret mission from King Saul, Ahimelech provided David and his men with “holy bread” (see Matt. 12:3–4).
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Ahimelech
AHIMELECH1. A son of Ahitub, a priest at Nob (1 Sam 22:9), from whom David, pretending to be on King Saul’s business, received showbread for food and the sword of Goliath when he fled from Saul (1 Sam 21:1–9). (Mk 2:26 places this event in the time of Abiathar [q.v.], son of Ahimelech.) Ahimelech’s
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Ahimelech
AHIMELECH (Heb. ’aḥîmeleḵ, ‘brother of a king’, ‘my brother is king’). The name is also found on the ostraca from Samaria and an ancient Hebrew seal. 1. Son of Ahitub and father of Abiathar. He was priest at Nob and gave David the showbread and Goliath’s sword, for which he was killed by Saul (1 Sa.
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Ahimelech
Ahimelech (Heb. ʾăḥɩ̂meleḵ)1. The son of Ahitub of the house of Eli (1 Sam. 22:9) and the father of Abiathar (30:7). He was high priest during the reign of Saul at Nob (21:1 [MT 2]), the chief sanctuary of Yahweh after the fall of Shiloh.Ahimelech aided David during his flight from Saul (1 Sam.
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Ahimelech
AHIMELECH (Hebrew, “my brother is king”) The son of Ahitub, of the priestly house of Eli (1 Sam 22:9), the father of Abiathar (1 Sam 30:7), and the high priest at Nob during the reign of Saul (1 Sam 21:1). Ahimelech gave sanctuary to David at the time he was fleeing from Saul (1 Sam 21:1–9) and offered
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Ahimelech
Ahim´elech (brother of the king).1. Son of Ahitub, 1 Sam. 22:11, 12, and high priest at Nob in the days of Saul. He gave David the shew-bread to eat, and the sword of Goliath; and for so doing was put to death, with his whole house, by Saul’s order. Abiathar alone escaped. [Abiathar.] (b.c. 1085–1060.)
See also
Relatives
Ahitub Father
Ahijah Brother
Abiathar Son
Phinehas Grandfather
Jonathan Grandson
Ichabod Uncle
Ahimelech Grandson
Roles
Related
Nob