Ahasuerus (king)
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Ahasuerus of Media
Ahasuerus of Media (אֲחַשְׁוֵרוֹשׁ‎, achashwerosh). Ruler who assisted Nebuchadnezzar in destroying Nineveh (Tob 14:15). The historical veracity of Tobit, however, is in question, leaving the identity of this character in doubt. For more information, see this article: Tobit, Book of.
Ahasuerus the King
Ahasuerus the King (אֲחַשְׁוֵרוֹשׁ‎, achashwerosh). Ahasuerus is the Aramaic name for Khshayarsha, the king of Persia, whom the Greeks called Xerxes (b. 518 bc; r. 486–465 bc). Ahasuerus is the Achaemenid king in the Hebrew version of the Book of Esther; in the Greek (LXX) version, his name is Artaxerxes.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Ahasuerus (Person)
AHASUERUS (PERSON) [Heb ʾăhašwērôš (אֲהַשְׁוֵרֹושׁ); Gk asyēros (ἀσυηρος)].1. The Persian king who chose Esther to be his queen (Esth 1:1; 2:16–17; cf. also Ezra 4:6). See ESTHER. He is to be identified with the famous XERXES (485–465 b.c.), but was mistakenly identified in Jewish Midrash with
Xerxes (Person)
XERXES (PERSON). 1. The Achaemenid king Xerxes I was born in 518 b.c., the first son of Darius and his favorite queen Atossa, born after Darius had come to the throne. He was elevated to official crown prince some years before the death of his father.The transfer of kingship from Darius to Xerxes in
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Ahasuerus. 1. Persian king better known to Western readers as Xerxes I (485–465 bc); the son and successor of Darius I (Hystaspis). In Ezra 4:6 Ahasuerus is mentioned as receiving letters of accusation from enemies of the Jews about their rebuilding the temple.The gate of Xerxes in Persepolis, with
Xerxes. niv rendering of Ahasuerus in Ezra 4:6 and Esther 1:1.See Ahasuerus #1.Relief from a stairway of the Persian palace in Persepolis that shows Babylonians and Syrians bringing tribute.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Artexerxes (LXX)
2. The LXX reads Artaxerxes for Ahasuerus throughout Esther; and some scholars have thought that Artaxerxes II Mnemon (404–359 b.c.) was being envisaged, son of Darius I and grandson of Artaxerxes I, who defeated his brother Cyrus at the battle of Cunaxa in 401 b.c. More probably, however, the reference
1. Xerxes I, son of Darius the Great and Atossa, the daughter of Cyrus the Great and sister of Cambyses. Xerxes was designated heir-apparent by his father and served as satrap of Babylon from 498 b.c. to his accession in 486. He is portrayed with his father on the reliefs at Persepolis, where Darius
Xerxes zûrkʹsēz [Old Pers xšayāršan; Elamite ik-še-ir-iš-ša; Akk. ḫi-ši-ʾ-ar-ša; Heb. ʾaḥašwērôš; Gk. Xerxēs]. The name of two Persian kings.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
AHASUERUS1. Persian king better known to Western readers as Xerxes I (486–465 bc); the son and successor of Darius I (Hystaspis). In Ezra 4:6 Ahasuerus is mentioned as receiving letters of accusation from enemies of the Jews about their rebuilding the temple.Ahasuerus played a role in biblical history
XERXES niv and nlt rendering of Ahasuerus in Ezra 4:6 and the book of Esther. See Ahasuerus #1.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Ahasuerus (uh-has´yoo-air´uhs), a Persian king mentioned in the book of Esther, usually identified with Xerxes I (485–464 bce); the historical Xerxes I ruled over twenty satrapies (Herodotus History 3.89), and his queen was Amestris from a noble Persian family (History 7.61). Ahasuerus is described in
Xerxes (zuhrk´seez), the name of several rulers of the Persian Empire, one, or possibly two, of which are significant for the Bible.1 Xerxes I, king of Persia 486–465 bce. He is known from Greek history for his attempts at conquering the Greek mainland. He is probably the ruler referred to in Ezra 4:6
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
AHASUERUS. Better known by Gr. name Xerxes (486–465 b.c.), he was the son of Darius I and father of Artaxerxes I. Scripture indicates that he ruled a vast empire from India to Ethiopia (Est 1:1; cf. Herodotus 7:9), deposed Vashti as queen in 483 b.c., and chose Esther in 478 b.c. Four years later he
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
AHASUERUS (’aḥašwērôš, the Heb. equivalent of the Persian khshayarsha). In the Elephantine Aramaic papyri the consonants appear as ḥsy’rš. The resemblance of the latter to the Greek Xerxes is reasonably close, and the Babylonian version of Xerxes’ name on the Behistun inscription is close to the
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Ahasuerus (Heb. ʾăḥašwērôš; Gk. ʾAssouēros)1. In all probability, the biblical name for Xerxes I (Pers. khshayârshâ), king of Persia 486–465 b.c.e., son and successor of Darius I. Under his father he was satrap over Babylon (498–486). Upon his accession he recaptured Egypt (484), which had
Artaxerxes (Heb. ʾartaḥšastāʾ; Gk. Artaxerxēs)A common name among Persian kings of the Achaemenid dynasty. Artaxerxes is mentioned as the Persian king who commissioned the missions of Ezra and Nehemiah (Ezra 7:1–28; Neh. 2:1–8). On the basis of extrabiblical references to his antagonists Sanballat
Xerxes (Gk. Xerxēs)Xerxes I, Achaemenid king of Persia, 486–465 b.c.e., who ascended the throne upon the death of Darius I. There is inscriptional evidence to suggest that Xerxes I was the crown prince for some time, and held a coregency with his father (he is noted on the south doorway of Darius I’s
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Ahasuerus [ə hăzhˊ ŏo ĕrˊəs] (Heb. ˒aḥašwērôš; Gk. Assouēros].†
Xerxes [zûrkˊsēz] (Aram., Heb. ˒aḥašwērôš; Gk. Xerxēs; O.Pers. xšayāršan). †
Catholic Bible Dictionary
AHASUERUS (Greek Xerxes) The king who made the Jewish woman Esther the queen of Persia; it is an alternate name for the Persian ruler Xerxes I (r. 486–465 b.c.). (See under Xerxes for details.)
XERXES The king of Persia from 486 to 465 b.c. This Greek form of the name, by which he is usually known in secular history, does not appear in the RSV; instead the name is given as Ahasuerus (Ezra 4:6; Esth 1:1; etc.), the Hebrew rendering of the same Persian name. The book of Esther is set at his court.
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Ahashve´rosh. Another (the Hebrew) form of Ahasuerus. Ezra 4:6, in margin.
Ahasue´rus (lion-king), the name of one Median and two Persian kings mentioned in the Old Testament.1. In Dan. 9:1 Ahasuerus is said to be the father of Darius the Mede. [Darius.] This first Ahasuerus is Cyaxares, the conqueror of Nineveh. (Began to reign b.c. 634.)2. The Ahasuerus king of Persia,
See also
Esther Wife
Vashti Wife