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Agriculture
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The Bible was written within the context of a predominately rural, agrarian culture. From the Genesis narrative of the Garden of Eden and Adam’s toil with the ground to Jesus’ extensive use of agricultural allusions, agriculture is central to the biblical narrative.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Agriculture
Agriculture The Bible was written within the context of a predominately rural, agrarian culture. From the Genesis narrative of the Garden of Eden and Adam’s toil with the ground to Jesus’ extensive use of agricultural allusions, agriculture is central to the biblical narrative.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Agriculture
AGRICULTURE. Agriculture is the cultivation of the soil for food products or any other useful or valuable growth of the field or garden; also, by extension, it includes any industry practiced by a cultivator of the soil in connection with such cultivation, as fruit raising, animal husbandry, dairying,
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Agriculture
Agriculture. During Bible times agriculture took the same three main forms found in Palestine today. Emphasis on each of these has depended upon the social and technological status of the people.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Agriculture
AGRICULTURE* During Bible times agriculture took the same three main forms found in Palestine today. Emphasis on each of these has depended upon the social and technological status of the people.PreviewHerdingField CroppingFruit RaisingCultivatingHarvestingHerding Raising livestock is one
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Agriculture
AGRICULTURE. The production of crops from the soil and the raising of livestock. The word “agriculture” is not used in the Bible, but the idea is conveyed by the term “husbandry” (Heb. ˒a ̆dāmâ, 2 Chr 26:10; Gr. geōrgion, 1 Cor 3:9). The term “husbandman” is frequently used; e.g., (Gen 9:20; Jer 31:24;
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Agriculture
AGRICULTURE. The excavations of OT Jericho have demonstrated that Palestine was one of the earliest agricultural centres yet discovered. Good farming can be dated here around 7500 bc. Jericho represents irrigation culture which was common in the prehistoric period in the Jordan valley, not along the
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Agriculture
AgricultureAlong with herding, one of the two main components of Israelite economy. Israelite agriculturalists probably learned their skills from the Canaanites, the former inhabitants of the land. While agriculture was practiced throughout the country, its nature changed depending on particular environmental
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Agriculture
Agriculture †Although only recently have archaeological and comparative studies begun to supplement the biblical record, it is clear that the inhabitants of palestine were engaged from the earliest times in agricultural pursuits. Excavations at Jericho indicate that as early as ca. 7500 B.C. (Prepottery
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Agriculture
AGRICULTURE Agriculture in the ancient Near East and its hinterland began when the climate turned cooler, between the 10th and 5th millennia bc. Southwestern Asia seems to have been the main point of origin of the earliest cultivated cereals and other food crops. The wild forerunners of many grain crops
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Agriculture
Agriculture. This was little cared for by the patriarchs. The pastoral life, however, was the means of keeping the sacred race, whilst yet a family, distinct from mixture and locally unattached, especially whilst in Egypt. When grown into a nation it supplied a similar check on the foreign intercourse,
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Agriculture
AGRICULTURE. The cultivation of the soil dates back to Adam, to whom God assigned the occupation of cultivating and keeping the garden (Gen. 2:15). We are told that “Cain was a tiller of the ground” (4:2). The ancestors of the Hebrews in Mesopotamia followed pastoral pursuits, which were kept up by Abraham,
Key passages
Ge 3:17–19

And to Adam he said, “Because you listened to the voice of your wife and you ate from the tree from which I forbade you to eat, the ground shall be cursed on your account. In pain you shall eat from it all the days of your life. And thorns and thistles shall sprout for you, and you …

Ge 4:2

Then she bore his brother Abel. And Abel became a keeper of sheep, and Cain became a tiller of the ground.

Ge 26:12

And Isaac sowed in that land and reaped in that same year a hundredfold, and Yahweh blessed him.

Sir 7:15

Do not hate hard work and farming, created by the most high.

2 Mac 12:1

Now when these agreements were settled, Lysias went to the king while the Judeans went about farming.

See also