Death and Afterlife • Hereafter
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Afterlife, Afterdeath
Afterlife, AfterdeathWestern, or more specifically, Judeo-Christian, preoccupation with humanity’s physical fate or destiny beyond death has provided the impetus underlying much of the modern study of death and afterlife in ancient Israel. Unfortunately, Judeo-Christian notions regarding the material
Dictionary of Biblical Imagery
AfterlifeThe afterlife is a central image of the Christian faith. All human beings are destined to partake in the afterlife: heaven (paradise) for those who are in Christ, hell (punishment, absence from God) for the unregenerate. The final goal and reward for all Christians is eternity in the Lord’s
Dictionary of the Old Testament: Historical Books
Death and Afterlife
DEATH AND AFTERLIFEThe Historical Books record numerous deaths over many centuries, mostly as the natural end of life and without further elaboration. There is very little of the anguish of the psalms, where death is emotionally resisted, or of the invective of the prophets, where death is forcefully
Dictionary of Daily Life in Biblical & Post-Biblical Antiquity, Volumes I–IV
Death & the Afterlife
Death & the AfterlifeDeath is the termination of physical life and earthly existence. From time immemorial, the ambiguities and incongruities of death, including the fear it evokes and its finality, have baffled human minds. The search for understanding of this mystery by both the uneducated and the
Dictionary of the Old Testament: Prophets
AFTERLIFELike the rest of the OT, the Prophetic Books are concerned primarily with this life rather than anything beyond it, and the prophets themselves with repentance and reform in the present life rather than judgment or recompense in an afterlife. However, the judgment that they proclaim often includes
Dictionary of the Old Testament: Wisdom, Poetry & Writings
AFTERLIFEThe OT books of wisdom, poetry and writings largely reflect the standard Israelite perspective that there is no meaningful existence beyond death. However, a few texts may indicate an emerging hope in some form of continued communion with God, which later developed into a belief in afterlife.
The Eerdmans Encyclopedia of Early Christian Art and Archaeology, Volumes 1–3
AfterlifeThe earliest Christian representations of the a. appropriate generic pastoral and bucolic themes. At issue in early Christian (funerary) iconography is the visual evocation of a locus amoenus, a place of beauty and repose, pleasing to the senses, a garden-like environment filled with trees
Encyclopedia of Ancient Christianity
Visions of the Afterlife
VISIONS of the AFTERLIFE. Human beings have always sought a response to the question of their own destiny after death: visions of the afterlife, present in every age and every religion (there are numerous examples in Classical Antiquity: Ulysses, Pythagoras and Aeneas), represent an attempt to offer
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
AFTERLIFE. Virtually every human culture has told myths or designed rituals or elaborated conceptions of the afterlife, which signifies the continued existence of human beings after death. These begin with funerals and dignified disposal of the corpse, but also include commemoration and ritual attempts
Key passages
1 Sa 28:13–15

The king said to her, “Do not be afraid! What do you see?” And the woman said to Saul, “I see a god coming up from the ground!” Then he said to her, “What is his appearance?” She said, “An old man is coming up, and he is wrapped in a robe.” Then Saul realized that it was Samuel, and he …

Da 12:1–4

“Now at that time, Michael, the great prince, will arise, the protector over the sons of your people, and it will be a time of distress that has not been since your people have been a nation until that time. And at that time your people …

See also
Topics & Themes