Loading…
Aelia Capitolina
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The name given to the city of Jerusalem by the Roman emperor Hadrian, who built a Roman city on the ruins of Jerusalem. Hadrian’s decision to build a shrine to Jupiter Capitolinus on the site of the Jerusalem temple likely contributed to the outbreak of the revolt led by Bar Kokhba in ad 132–35. After the revolt was suppressed, the city was populated by Roman colonists, and Hadrian decreed that the Jews were prohibited from entering the city (Eusebius, Hist. eccl. 4.6). It is unclear whether the transformation of the site into a Roman city began before the revolt or whether it was a result of the revolt. Eusebius reports that the city was colonized and the name changed after the revolt (Hist. eccl. 4.6). Hadrian appears to have had plans to rebuild the temple for the Jews, but he later changed his mind (Genesis Rabbah 64). Since Hadrian merged the province of Iudea with the province of Syria and renamed the whole “Syria Palaestina,” in addition to prohibiting Jews from entering the rebuilt city of Jerusalem, the decision to turn Jerusalem exclusively into a Roman colony likely followed the rebellion. For further information, see this article: Jewish Revolts.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Aelia Capitolina
Aelia Capitolina The name given to the city of Jerusalem by the Roman emperor Hadrian, who built a Roman city on the ruins of Jerusalem. Hadrian’s decision to build a shrine to Jupiter Capitolinus on the site of the Jerusalem temple likely contributed to the outbreak of the revolt led by Bar Kokhba in
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Aelia Capitolina
Aelia Capitolina ēʹlē-ə kap-ə-tō-lēʹnə. The name of the new city erected by Hadrian on the site of Jerusalem, named for his (the Aelian) clan. After the second revolt, led by Simon Bar-Cochba (a.d. 132–135), Hadrian had the portions of Jerusalem that had survived the destruction by Titus in a.d.
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Aelia Capitolina
Aelia Capitolina. The new city which Hadrian built in c. 130 on the site of *Jerusalem (destroyed a.d. 70). It was so named after the Emperor himself (Publius Aelius Hadrianus) and Jupiter Capitolinus. Statues to both Hadrian and Jupiter were erected in the area of the Temple. Its exact limits are unknown,
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
Aelia Capitolina
Aelia Capitolina. Pagan name given to Jerusalem by Emperor Hadrian. The first part derives from the emperor’s family name, Aelius; the second, from an epithet of the deity Jupiter (Zeus).
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
6. Aelia Capitolina
6. Aelia CapitolinaHadrian then changed the character of the city. The name Aelia Capitolina replaced Jerusalem. The ruins of the Jewish Temple were permanently insulted by images of divinized emperors, namely, equestrian statues of Hadrian and his adopted son and successor Antoninus Pius (138–61).