Advent of Christ • Season of Advent
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Advent (from Lat. adventus “coming”). A term often taken to designate either the incarnation of Christ or the Parousia, his second coming. In the Church, it designates the season immediately preceding Christmas; in the western church it comprises the four Sundays prior to Christmas, whereas in the
The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
Advent (Lat. Adventus, ‘coming’, i.e. of Christ). The ecclesiastical season immediately before *Christmas. In W. Christendom Advent Sunday, i.e. the first day of Advent, is the Sunday nearest to St Andrew’s Day (30 Nov.). Four Sundays in Advent thus always precede Christmas Day. In the E. Advent
A Catholic Dictionary
Advent, Season Of
advent, season of. The period, of between three and four weeks from Advent Sunday (which is always the Sunday nearest to the feast of St. Andrew) to Christmas eve, is named by the Church the season of Advent. During it she desires that her children should practice fasting, works of penance, meditation,
Compton’s Encyclopedia
AdventAdvent is the period of preparation in the Christian church beginning on the Sunday nearest to Nov. 30 (St. Andrew’s Day) and continuing until the celebration of the birth of Jesus on Christmas (Dec. 25); considered the beginning of the church year; date when season first observed is uncertain,
Ecclesiastical Dictionary: Containing, in Concise Form, Information upon Ecclesiastical, Biblical, Archæological, and Historical Subjects
Advent (Lat. Adventus—arrived).—The time appointed by the Catholic Church to prepare for the feast of Christmas—the coming of Christ the Son of God. The season of Advent is as ancient in the Church as is the feast of Christmas. This we know by a decree of the Council of Saragossa (380). It is a time
Pocket Dictionary of Liturgy & Worship
Advent. The calendrical period in the WC incorporating the four *Sundays preceding *Christmas Day, anticipating the coming (Lat. adventus) of Jesus Christ. The first week of Advent begins with the Sunday nearest the Feast of St. *Andrew (Nov. 30), that first Advent Sunday also beginning the WC *liturgical
Advent Wreath
Advent wreath. A wreath bearing four *candles, each lit progressively on successive Sundays (or their *eves) of the *Advent season. Its popularity is recent (twentieth century).
A Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels: Aaron–Zion
ADVENT.—In its primary application the term is used to denote the first visible coming of Jesus into the world. His coming again at an after period is distinguished as the Second, or the Final, Coming (see Coming Again and Parousia).The term is also employed to designate one of the ecclesiastical seasons,
Dictionary of Theological Terms
Advent1. From the Latin word adventus, “coming”; it can be used to describe either Christ’s first or second coming.2. The season preceding Christmas. The Anglican, Lutheran, and Roman Catholic churches observe it for four weeks and the Eastern Orthodox for six weeks.
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
ADVENT Word with Latin roots, meaning “coming.” Christians of earlier generations spoke of “the advent of our Lord” and of “His second advent.” The first phrase refers to God’s becoming incarnate in Jesus of Nazareth. The latter phrase speaks of Jesus’ second coming. In a second sense “advent” designates
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
Advent. This English term, which refers to the arrival of someone or something important, is used especially of the coming of Jesus Christ at the incarnation. In Christian liturgy it refers to the period that begins the fourth Sunday before Christmas. The term is also used with reference to the second
Dictionary of Biblical Prophecy and End Times
Advent“Advent” means “coming” or “arrival.” For Christians, “Advent” is often used to refer to that part of the church calendar encompassing the four Sundays prior to Christmas, in celebration of Christ’s “coming” to earth. The term First Advent is used in a broader theological sense, referring to the
The Eerdmans Encyclopedia of Early Christian Art and Archaeology, Volumes 1–3
Adventus(Gk. ἀπάντησις). The formal arrival of an important person (e.g., a king), attended by pomp and circumstance. The late antique ceremony of a. is rooted in Hellenistic models. Various Hellenistic/Macedonian ruler cults orchestrated extravagant ceremonies of a. for kings, generals, politicians,
Key passages
Is 7:14

Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign. Look! the virgin is with child and she is about to give birth to a son, and she shall call his name ‘God with us.’

Is 9:6–7

For a child has been born for us; a son has been given to us. And the dominion will be on his shoulder, and his name is called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. His dominion will grow continually, and to peace there will be no end on the throne of …

Mic 5:2

But you, O Bethlehem Ephrathah, too small to be among the clans of Judah, from you one will go out for me, to be ruler in Israel; and his origins are from of old, from ancient days.

Mt 1:18–25

Now the birth of Jesus Christ occurred in this way. His mother Mary had been betrothed to Joseph, but before they came together, she was found to be pregnant by the Holy Spirit. So Joseph her husband, being righteous and not wanting to disgrace her, intended to divorce …

Lk 2:1–7

Now it happened that in those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus to register all the empire. (This first registration took place when Quirinius was governor of Syria.) And everyone went to be registered, each one to his own town. So Joseph also went up from …

See also
Topics & Themes