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Adoram (taskmaster)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Also called Adoram (אֲדֹרָם‎, adoram) and Hadoram (הֲדוֹרָם‎, hadoram). The person in charge of conscripting forced labor during the reigns of David, Solomon, and Rehoboam (2 Sam 20:24; 1 Kgs 4:6; 5:14; 12:18; 2 Chr 10:18). In 2 Samuel 20:24 and 1 Kgs 12:18, his name is spelled “Adoram” (אֲדֹרָם‎, adoram). In 2 Chronicles 10:18 (the parallel to 1 Kgs 12:18), the name is spelled “Hadoram” (הֲדוֹרָם‎, hadoram). The spelling variations are either spelling errors or alternative forms of the name. The Septuagint uses Αδωνιραμ (Adōniram) when he is named at 2 Sam 20:24; 1 Kgs 4:6; 12:18; and 2 Chr 10:18. The equation of Adoniram and Adoram is likely based on the overlap in the named officials of David and Solomon in 2 Sam 20:23–26 and 1 Kgs 4:1–6.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Adoniram, Son of Abda
Adoniram, Son of Abda (אֲדֹנִירָם‎, adoniram). Also called Adoram (אֲדֹרָם‎, adoram) and Hadoram (הֲדוֹרָם‎, hadoram). The person in charge of conscripting forced labor during the reigns of David, Solomon, and Rehoboam (2 Sam 20:24; 1 Kgs 4:6; 5:14; 12:18; 2 Chr 10:18). In 2 Samuel 20:24 and 1 Kgs 12:18,
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Adoniram (Person)
ADONIRAM (PERSON) [Heb ʾădōnı̂ram (אֲדֹנִירַם)]. The son of Abda and an official in Solomon’s court who was in charge of the forced labor used in many of the major building projects (1 Kgs 4:6; 9:15). This office was first mentioned late in David’s reign and continued into the rule of Rehoboam (2 Sam
Hadoram (Person)
HADORAM (PERSON) [Heb hădôrām (הֲדֹורָם‎); hădorām]. 1. A son of Joktan (Gen 10:27; 1 Chr 1:21) and hence the name of a S Arabian locality or of the tribe residing in it. E. Glaser (1980: 434) juxtaposed the biblical hădôrām and Yemenite Dauram. Epigraphically dwrm is attested in two Old Sabean
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Adoniram
Adoniram. Important official in Israel during the reigns of David, Solomon, and Rehoboam (1 Kgs 4:6; 5:14). Adoniram is also referred to as Adoram, possibly a contraction of his name (2 Sm 20:24; 1 Kgs 12:18), and as Hadoram (2 Chr 10:18). While Solomon’s temple was under construction, Adoniram was overseer
Adoram
Adoram. Alternate spelling of Adoniram in 2 Samuel 20:24 and 1 Kings 12:18.See Adoniram.
Hadoram
Hadoram. 1. Joktan’s fifth son; Hadoram and his brothers were the sixth generation from Noah (Gn 10:27; 1 Chr 1:21).2. Alternate spelling of Joram in 1 Chronicles 18:10.See Joram #1.3. Alternate spelling of Adoniram in 2 Chronicles 10:18.See Adoniram.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Adoniram
Adoniram ad-ō-nīʹrəm [Heb. aḏōnîrām—‘my lord is exalted’] (1 K. 4:6; 5:14); ADORAM ə-dôrʹəm [aḏōrām (2 S. 20:24; 1 K. 12:18); HADORAM hə-dôrʹəm [haḏôrām] (2 Ch. 10:18). An official in charge of forced labor under David, Solomon, and Rehoboam. He supervised 30,000 laborers drafted
Hadoram
Hadoram hə-doɾrʹəm [Heb. haḏōrām].1. Son of Joktan and apparently sixth in descent from Noah (Gen. 10:27 par 1 Ch. 1:21).2. Son of Tou king of Hamath, sent by his father with presents to King David (1 Ch. 18:10). In 2 S. 8:9f, written probably incorrectly “Joram,” son of “Toi.”3. Rehoboam’s
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Adoniram
ADONIRAM Important official in Israel during the reigns of David, Solomon, and Rehoboam (1 Kgs 4:6; 5:14). Adoniram is also referred to as Adoram, possibly a contraction of his name (2 Sm 20:24; 1 Kgs 12:18), and as Hadoram (2 Chr 10:18). While Solomon’s temple was under construction, Adoniram was overseer
Adoram
ADORAM* Alternate spelling of Adoniram in 2 Samuel 20:24 and 1 Kings 12:18. See Adoniram.
Hadoram
HADORAM1. Joktan’s fifth son; Hadoram and his brothers were the sixth generation from Noah (Gn 10:27; 1 Chr 1:21).2. Alternate spelling of Joram in 1 Chronicles 18:10 (kjv). See Joram #1.3. Alternate spelling of Adoniram in 2 Chronicles 10:18 (kjv). See Adoniram.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Adoniram
Adoniram (ad´uh-ni´ruhm; Heb., “my lord is exalted”), an official in the service of King Solomon who supervised the conscripted labor force in the construction of the temple (1 Kings 5:13–14). He is probably the same person called Adoram, who served a similar role under King Rehoboam and was stoned to
Adoram
Adoram (uh-doh´ruhm; a shortened form of Adoniram, Heb., “my lord is exalted”), a name apparently identifying an administrative official who served under both David and Rehoboam, although some scholars believe that there were, in fact, two different persons bearing this name. If so, the first (Adoram,
Hadoram
Hadoram (huh-dor´uhm).1 A son of Joktan, descendant of Shem (Gen. 10:27).2 The son of Tou (Toi), king of Hamath; he was sent with gifts to congratulate David on his victory over Hadadezer (1 Chron. 18:10). He is also called Joram (2 Sam. 8:10).3 An official of King Rehoboam (926–910 bce) of Judah;
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Adoniram
ADONIRAM. A public official in charge of forced labor during the reigns of David, Solomon, and Rehoboam (1 Kgs 4:6; 5:14; 12:18). After the ten northern tribes revolted, Rehoboam foolishly sent Adoniram (perhaps to collect their taxes), but the insulted Israelites stoned him to death at Shechem (c. 922
Hadoram
HADORAM1. The fifth son of Joktan (Gen 10:27; 1 Chr 1:21), a Shemite sixth from Noah.2. Son of Tou (Toi), king of Hamath, who was sent with congratulatory gifts for David on his defeat of Hadarezer (1 Chr 18:10); called Joram in 2 Sam 8:10.3. A taskmaster to Solomon (1 Kgs 4:6, called Adoniram, q.v.)
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Adoniram
ADONIRAM (Heb. ’aḏōnîrām, ‘my lord is exalted’). The official in charge of forced labour during Solomon’s reign (1 Ki. 4:6; 5:14). Probably the Adoram who had the same responsibility during the reigns of David (2 Sa. 20:24) and Rehoboam (1 Ki. 12:18; ‘Hadoram’ in 2 Ch. 10:18). People of Israel stoned
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Adoniram
Adoniram (Heb. ʾăḏōnɩ̂rām) (also ADORAM, HADORAM)The son of Abda; taskmaster over the forced labor under David, Solomon, and Rehoboam (1 Kgs. 4:6; 5:14). He is also called Adoram (2 Sam. 20:24; 1 Kgs. 12:18) and Hadoram (2 Chr. 10:18). Rehoboam sent him to the dissatisfied tribes of Israel, probably
Adoram
Adoram (Heb. ʾăḏōrām) (also HADORAM)The son of Abda; taskmaster over the forced labor under David, Solomon, and Rehoboam (2 Sam. 20:24; 1 Kgs. 12:18). Rehoboam sent him to reconcile with the dissatisfied tribes of Israel, but they stoned him to death. At 2 Chr. 10:18 he is called Hadoram.
Hadoram
Hadoram (Heb. hăḏôrām) (also ADONIRAM, ADORAM, JORAM)1. A descendant of Joktan; ancestor of an Arabian tribe (Gen. 10:27; 1 Chr. 1:21).2. The son of King Tou of Hamath, who was sent by his father to congratulate David on his victory over Hadadezer (1 Chr. 18:10). At 2 Sam. 8:10 he and his father
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Adoniram
Adoniram [ădˊə nīˊrəm] (Heb. ˒aḏōnîrām “my Lord is exalted”). The son of Abda; taskmaster over the forced labor under David, Solomon, and Rehoboam (1 Kgs. 4:6; 5:14). He is also called Adoram (2 Sam. 20:24; 1 Kgs. 12:18) and Hadoram (2 Chr. 10:18). Rehoboam sent him to the dissatisfied tribes
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Adoniram
ADONIRAM (Hebrew, “my Lord is exalted”) Also called Adoram and Hadoram. The son of Abda and the official in charge of the forced labor in the court of Kings David, Solomon, and Rehoboam (1 Kgs 4:6; 5:13, 14). Under King Rehoboam, Adoniram was sent to negotiate with the rebellious northern tribes of Israel,
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Adoniram
Adoni´ram (lord of heights), 1 Kings 4:6. By an unusual contraction Adoram, 2 Sam. 20:24 and 1 Kings 12:18; also Hadoram, 2 Chron. 10:18, chief receiver of the tribute during the reigns of David, 2 Sam. 20:24, Solomon, 1 Kings 4:6, and Rehoboam. 1 Kings 12:18. This last monarch sent him to collect the
Hadoram
Hado´ram (noble honor).1. The fifth son of Joktan. Gen. 10:27; 1 Chron. 1:21. His settlements, unlike those of many of Joktan’s sons, have not been identified.2. Son of Tou or Toi king of Hamath; his father’s ambassador to congratulate David on his victory over Hadarezer king of Zobah. 1 Chron. 18:10.
See also