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Adonikam
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Ancestor of a family that returned from exile in Babylon with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:13; Neh 7:18). Several passages in the books of Ezra and Nehemiah list the names of families or clans represented among the community of Jews who had returned to Judah from exile in Babylon (e.g., Ezra 2:3–39; 8:1–14; 10:25–43; Neh 7:8–42; compare 1 Esdras 5:9–25). These names are frequently used to identify which family group various members of the community belong to. Ezra 8:13 records that 60 men from the family of Adonikam, led by Eliphelet, Jeuel, and Shemaiah, returned from exile with Ezra. The reference to an “Adonijah” in Neh 10:16 could be a representative of this family (see Adonijah the Witness).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Adonikam
Adonikam (אֲדֹנִיקָם‎, adoniqam). Ancestor of a family that returned from exile in Babylon with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:13; Neh 7:18). Several passages in the books of Ezra and Nehemiah list the names of families or clans represented among the community of Jews who had returned to Judah from exile in Babylon
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Adonikam (Person)
ADONIKAM (PERSON) [Heb ʾădōnı̂qām (אֲדֹנִיקָם)]. The father of a clan who, along with other lay families, returned from Babylon to Palestine (Ezra 2:13 = Neh 7:18 = 1 Esdr 5:14; also Ezra 8:13 = 1 Esdr 8:39). The precise number of returnees in Adonikam’s clan is uncertain, owing to the occurrence
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Adonikam
Adonikam. Head of a family whose descendants returned to Jerusalem with Zerubbabel after the Babylonian exile (Ezr 2:13; Neh 7:18). Ezra states the number of Adonikam’s family returning as 666; Nehemiah gives the number as 667 (as does 1 Esd 5:14), probably a scribal variation.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Adonikam
Adonikam ad-ō-nîʹkəm [Heb. aḏōnîqām—‘my lord has arisen’]. The name of a family of returning exiles (Ezr. 2:13; Neh. 7:18). In Neh. 10:16 the name is given as Adonijah.
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Adonikam
ADONIKAM Head of a family whose descendants returned to Jerusalem with Zerubbabel after the Babylonian exile (Ezr 2:13; Neh 7:18). Ezra states the number of Adonikam’s family returning as 666; Nehemiah gives the number as 667 (as does 1 Esd 5:14), probably a scribal variation.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Adonikam
Adonikam (ad´uh-ni´kuhm; Heb., “my lord has arisen”).1 The ancestor of a family group who returned from the Babylonian exile with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:13).2 The ancestor of another, smaller group who returned from the exile with Ezra (Ezra 8:13).
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Adonikam
ADONIKAM1. The representative of a family that returned with Zerubbabel from Exile and that numbered 666 (Ezr 2:13), or including the representative, the family numbered 667 (Neh 7:18).2. Part of the above family waited to come with Ezra. This group was composed of 60 males (Ezr 8:13).
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Adonikam
Adonikam (Heb. ʾăḏōnɩ̂qām)The head of a family of returning exiles (Ezra 2:13 = Neh. 7:18). He may be the same as the Adonijah mentioned at Neh. 10:16 (MT 17).
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Adonikam
Adonikam [ădˊə nīˊkəm] (˒aḏōnîqām “my Lord has arisen”). The name of a family of returning exiles (Ezra 2:13; Neh. 7:18). He may be the same as the Adonijah mentioned at Neh. 10:16.
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Adonikam
Adoni´kam, or Adon´ikam. The sons of Adonikam, 666 in number, were among those who returned from Babylon with Zerubbabel. Ezra 2:13; Neh. 7:18; 1 Esd. 5:14. (b.c. 506–410.) The name is given as Adonijah in Neh. 10:16.
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Adonikam
ADONI´KAM, (a-dōn-ī-kam; “my Lord has risen”). One whose descendants, to the number of 666, returned to Jerusalem with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:13), 536 b.c. He himself is included in Neh. 7:18. Somewhat later, three of his immediate descendants, with sixty male followers, came with Ezra (Ezra 8:13), 458
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Adonikam
Adonikamwhom the Lord sets up, one of those “which came with Zerubbabel” (Ezra 2:13). His “children,” or retainers, to the number of 666, came up to Jerusalem (8:13).
See also
Relatives
Jeiel Son
Shemaiah Son
Eliphelet Son
Topics & Themes