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Adonijah (witness)
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
Named as one of the leaders of the postexilic Jewish community who signed the written agreement to keep the law during the time of Ezra and Nehemiah (Neh 10:16). Since Adonijah is named in conjunction with other family names represented among the signers of the covenant (especially in Neh 10:14–19), the name could be equated with Adonikam ((אֲדֹנִיקָם‎, adoniqam)) from the other passages naming the clans or families who were part of the postexilic community (e.g., Ezra 2:3–35; 8:1–14). The clan names often appear in similar groupings, and “Adonijah” in Neh 10:16 fits the approximate place on the list where the others have “Adonikam.”
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Adonijah the Witness
Adonijah the Witness (אֲדֹנִיָּהוּ‎, adoniyyahu). Named as one of the leaders of the postexilic Jewish community who signed the written agreement to keep the law during the time of Ezra and Nehemiah (Neh 10:16). Since Adonijah is named in conjunction with other family names represented among the signers
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Adonijah (Person)
ADONIJAH (PERSON) [Heb ʾădōnı̂yāh (û) (אֲדֹנִיָּהוּ)]. A name given three OT characters which means “Yah (weh) is (my) Lord.”1. The fourth son of David by his wife Haggith in Hebron, while David was king of Judah (2 Sam 3:4; 1 Chr 3:1–2); and heir apparent to the throne at the time of Solomon’s
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Adonijah
Adonijah. 1. David’s fourth son, born to Haggith at Hebron (2 Sm 3:4). After the death of his three older brothers (Amnon, Chileab, and Absalom), Adonijah was next in line for the throne. King David, however, had promised his wife Bathsheba that their son Solomon would be the one to succeed him (1 Kgs
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Adonijah (witness)
3. One of those who sealed the covenant of reform (Neh. 10:16), the Adonikam of Ezr. 2:13.R. K. Harrison
Adonijah
Adonijah ad-ə-nīʹjə [Heb. aḏōnîyâ, aḏōnîyāhû—‘Yahweh is my Lord’].
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Adonijah
ADONIJAH1. David’s fourth son, born to Haggith at Hebron (2 Sm 3:4). After the deaths of his three older brothers (Amnon, Chileab, and Absalom), Adonijah was next in line for the throne. According to 1 Kings, David had promised his wife Bathsheba that their son Solomon would be the one to succeed him
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Adonijah
Adonijah (ad´uh-ni´juh; Heb., “the Lord is my lord”), the son of David and Haggith and apparent heir to the throne in Jerusalem after the death of Absalom. Though Adonijah was supported by the priest Abiathar and Joab the army commander (1 Kings 1–2), his ambitions were frustrated by the secret anointing
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Adonijah
ADONIJAH1. The fourth son of David by Haggith (2 Sam 3:4; 1 Chr 3:2). When David was at the brink of death, Adonijah desired to succeed David to the throne, for at that time he was the oldest living son. Gathering chariots, horsemen, and 50 men, Adonijah enlisted the aid of Joab, commander of the army,
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Adonijah
ADONIJAH (Heb. ’aḏōniyyâ, ‘my lord is Yahweh’). 1. The fourth son of David, by his wife Haggith. After the death of the three eldest he regarded himself as the heir-presumptive. (Amnon had been murdered by his brother Absalom, who himself died in the rebellion against his father. As no mention is
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Adonijah
Adonijah (Heb. ʾăḏōnɩ̂yâ, ʾăḏōnɩ̂yāhû)1. David’s fourth son, born in Hebron to his wife Haggith (2 Sam. 3:4 = 1 Chr. 3:2).David’s choice of this name, one of the earliest Israelite couplings of ʾāḏôn, “lord,” with a theophoric element, may represent his ambition to adopt—or adapt himself
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Adonijah
Adonijah [ădˊə nīˊjə] (Heb. ˒aḏōnîyâ, ˒aḏōnîyāhû “Yahweh is my Lord”).
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Adonijah
ADONIJAH (Hebrew, “my Lord is Yahweh”) The fourth son of David, born at Hebron of his wife Haggith (2 Sam 3:4). When King David was very old, Adonijah tried to take the throne before Solomon, his younger brother and the designated heir, could be installed. Adonijah was supported in his court intrigue
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Adonijah
Adoni´jah (my Lord is Jehovah).1. The fourth son of David by Haggith, born at Hebron while his father was king of Judah. 2 Sam. 3:4. (b.c. about 1050.) After the death of his three brothers, Amnon, Chileab, and Absalom, he became eldest son; and when his father’s strength was visibly declining, put
See also
Roles