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Adoni-Zedek
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The king of Jerusalem during the conquest of Canaan (Josh 10:1). After hearing of the fall of Ai and the surrender of the Gibeonites, he joined together with four other kings to resist the Israelites and attack Gibeon (Joshua 10:3–4). The Gibeonites called Joshua for help, and Joshua defeated him (10:6–14). Adoni-zedek and his four allies fled from the battle and were trapped in a cave near Makkedah. When the battle was over, they were taken out, put to death, and executed by impalement (though many translations used “hanged” in Josh 10:22–27).
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Adoni-Zedek
Adoni-Zedek (אֲדֹנִי־צֶדֶק‎, adoni-tsedeq). The king of Jerusalem during the conquest of Canaan (Josh 10:1). After hearing of the fall of Ai and the surrender of the Gibeonites, he joined together with four other kings to resist the Israelites and attack Gibeon (Joshua 10:3–4). The Gibeonites called Joshua
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Adoni-Zedek
ADONI-ZEDEK [Heb ʾădōnı̂-ṣedeq (אֲדֹנִי־צֶדֶק)]. A Canaanite king of Jerusalem (Josh 10:1–3) whose name means either “My Lord is righteousness” (i.e., Heb ṣedeq = “righteousness”), or “My Lord is Zedek.” The latter is more likely, since Adoni-Zedek is constructed as a noun clause with a theophoric
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Adoni-Zedek (Zedec)
Adoni-Zedek (Zedec). Amorite king of Jerusalem at the time of the Israelite conquest of the Promised Land (Jos 10:1–5). A battle between the Amorites and Israelites for control of Gibeon was the occasion on which Joshua prayed for the sun to stand still (10:6–15). The Israelites won a decisive victory.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Adoni-zedek
Adoni-zedek ə-dō-nī-zēʹdek [Heb. aḏōnîṣeḏeq—‘my Lord is righteousness (or ‘Zedek’)’]. The king of Jerusalem at the time of the conquest of Canaan (Josh. 10:1).When he heard of the fall of Ai and the submission of the Gibeonites, he entered into a league with four other kings to resist Joshua
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Adoni-Zedek
ADONI-ZEDEK Amorite king of Jerusalem at the time of the Israelite conquest of the Promised Land (Jos 10:1–5). A battle between the Amorites and Israelites for control of Gibeon was the occasion on which Joshua prayed for the sun to stand still (Jos 10:6–15). The Israelites won a decisive victory. Adoni-zedek
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Adoni-Zedek
Adoni-zedek (uh-doh´ni-zee´dek; Heb., either “my lord is righteous” or “my lord is Zedek”), the Amorite king of Jerusalem who, fearing the strength of the invading Israelites, organized a coalition with four other kings to attack the city of Gibeon because its inhabitants had formed an alliance with
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Adoni-Zedek
ADONI-ZEDEK. An Amorite king of Jerusalem at the time of the Conquest (Josh 10). Impressed by the initial successes of Israel and by the military potential of their newly formed alliance with Gibeon (Josh 9), he took the initiative in forming a five city military alliance against Israel. By attacking
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Adoni-Zedek
ADONI-ZEDEK (Heb. ’aḏōnî-ṣeḏeq, ‘my lord is righteous’). An Amorite king of Jerusalem who led four other Canaanite kings against the Israelites and their allies of Gibeon. The five kings were defeated by divine intervention and hid themselves in a cave at *Makkedah. They were humbled in common oriental
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Adoni-Zedek
Adoni-Zedek (Heb. ʾăḏōnɩ̂-ṣeḏeq)An Amorite king of Jerusalem. Adoni-zedek organized a coalition of four other Amorite kings to attack Gibeon because its inhabitants made peace with Joshua (Josh. 10:1–26). Following the coalition’s defeat by Joshua, the five kings were discovered hiding in a cave.
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Adoni-Zedek
Adoni-Zedek [ə dōˊnī zēˊdĕk] (Heb. ˒aḏōnîṣedeq “my lord is [the god] Zedek” or “my lord is righteousness”). A king at Jerusalem, like his predecessor Melchizedek. Upon hearing the news that Ai had fallen to Joshua and that Gibeon had made a covenant with him, Adonizedek along with four other
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Adonizedek
ADONIZEDEK (Hebrew, “my Lord is righteousness”) The Canaanite king of Jerusalem, during the time of Joshua’s invasion. Adonizedek entered into an alliance with four other Canaanite kings of the region to wage war upon Gibeon after the town made peace with Joshua and the Israelites (Josh 10:1–26). Joshua
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Adonizedek
Adonize´dek (lord of justice), the Amorite king of Jerusalem who organized a league with four other Amorite princes against Joshua. The confederate kings having laid siege to Gibeon, Joshua marched to the relief of his new allies and put the besiegers to flight. The five kings took refuge in a cave at
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