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Achish (king of Gath)
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Achish, Son of Maoch
Achish, Son of Maoch (אָכִישׁ‎, akhish). A Philistine king of Gath during the time of Saul and David. Achish provided refuge for David on two occasions and considered him an ally.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Abimelech (Person)
ABIMELECH (PERSON) [Heb ʾabı̂melek (אַבִימֶלֶך)]. Two or three persons in the Hebrew Bible bear this name.1. A king of Gerar mentioned in Genesis 20 and 26:1–33. He is tied to the patriarchal narratives with regard to their pastoral nomadic activities and the fear Abraham and Isaac display whenever
Achish (Person)
ACHISH (PERSON) [Heb ʾākı̂š (אָכִישׁ)]. Philistine ruler of Gath, from whom David sought asylum when he fled from Saul. In 1 Sam 27:2 his father’s name is given as Maoch (māʿôk), which closely resembles Maacah (maʿăkâ), father of King Achish of Gath according to 1 Kgs 2:39. There were probably
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Abimelech
Abimelech. Royal title for Philistine rulers, similar to the designation “pharaoh” among the Egyptians and “agag” among the Amalekites.1. King of Gerar in Abraham’s time. At Gerar, a city a few miles south of Gaza, Abraham presented his wife as his sister out of fear of the king’s rights (Gn 20:1–18),
Achish
Achish. King of the Philistine city of Gath. Although David had killed Goliath, Gath’s champion (1 Sm 17), David later fled from Saul to Achish’s court. Realizing his mistake, David pretended to be crazy in order to preserve his life. His feigned madness caused Achish to cast him out as unwelcome (1
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Abimelech
Abimelech ə-bimʹə-el [Heb. aḇîmeleḵ—‘father of a king’ or ‘my father is king’].
Abimelech (Ps 34)
3. The title of Ps. 34 mentions another Abimelech, who in all probability is the same as Achish king of Gath (1 S. 21:10–22:1), with whom David sought refuge when fleeing from Saul, and with whom he was dwelling at the time of the Philistine invasion of Israel, which cost Saul his kingdom and his life
Achish
Achish āʹkish [Heb. ’āḵîš]. King of the city of Gath in the days of David. His father’s name is given as Maoch (1 S. 27:2) and Maacah (1 K. 2:39).David sought the protection of Achish when he first fled from Saul, and just after his visit to Nob (1 S. 21:10–15). Fearing rough treatment or betrayal
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Abimelech
ABIMELECH Royal title for Philistine rulers, similar to the designation “pharaoh” among the Egyptians and “agag” among the Amalekites.1. King of Gerar in Abraham’s time. At Gerar, a city a few miles south of Gaza, Abraham presented his wife as his sister out of fear for his life (Gn 20:1–18), as he
Achish
ACHISH King of the Philistine city of Gath. Although David had killed Goliath, Gath’s champion (1 Sm 17), David later fled from Saul to Achish’s court. Realizing his mistake, David pretended to be crazy in order to preserve his life. His feigned madness caused Achish to throw him out (1 Sm 21:10–15),
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Abimelech
Abimelech (uh-bim´uh-lek; Heb., “my father is king”).1 The king of Gerar (possibly Tell Jemmeh, ten miles south of Gaza), before whom Abraham posed as Sarah’s brother (Gen. 20; cf. 12:10–20). Elsewhere, Abimelech is identified as a “king of the Philistines” whom Isaac, living at Gerar, similarly deceives
Achish
Achish (ay´kish), the ruler of the Philistine city of Gath with whom David sought asylum when he fled from Saul. At first David was distrustful of Achish and, after he was recognized as a successful military leader, he feigned madness to escape (1 Sam. 21:10–15). Later Achish accepted David and his men
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Abimelech
ABIMELECH1. The earliest OT man to bear this name was the king of Gerar, an early Philistine inhabitant of Palestine, who should be distinguished from the later warlike Philistines who at the end of the 2nd mil. migrated from their homeland in Caphtor (probably Crete, q.v.) and settled along the southern
Achish
ACHISH. King of Gath (home of Goliath and member of the Philistine pentarchy) to whom David twice resorted when a fugitive from Saul. Achish still ruled early in Solomon’s reign (1 Kgs 2:39), here, “son of Maachah”; cf. “son of Maoch,” (1 Sam 27:2); consonantal similarity suggests identity).David first
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
Abimelech
ABIMELECH (Heb. ’aḇîmeleḵ, ‘the (divine) king is my father’). 1. Philistine kings of Gerar bearing this name figure in episodes involving Abraham (Gn. 20:1–18) and Isaac (Gn. 26:1–33). The similarities between the accounts have led many to suppose that they are doublets, but Abimelech may have been
Achish
ACHISH. The king of Gath (called Abimelech in the title of Ps. 34) with whom David lived incognito when fleeing from Saul and from whom he escaped by pretending to be mad (1 Sa. 21:10–15). The second time David went for refuge in Gath, Achish gave him the town of *Ziklag on his border with Israel (1
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Abimelech
Abimelech (Heb. ʾăḇɩ̂meleḵ)1. The king of Gerar who, believing Sarah to be Abraham’s sister, took her for his own spouse (Gen. 20:2) until God revealed to him that she was Abraham’s wife and death would be the result of his molesting her. Abimelech also appears in a similar story involving Rebekah
Achish
Achish (Heb. ʾāḵɩ̂š)The king of Philistine Gath during the time of David (1 Sam. 21–29) and early in Solomon’s reign (1 Kgs. 2:39). Despite the two different patronyms, Maoch (1 Sam. 27:2) and Maacah (1 Kgs. 2:39), this is the same individual.When David was fleeing from Saul, he twice took refuge
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Achish
Achish [āˊkĭsh] (Heb. ˒āḵîs̆, possibly from Hur. akk sharur “the king gives”). The son of Maoch and king of the Philistine city of Gath (1 Sam. 21:10).Twice David sought shelter and protection in Achish’s kingdom. After he had fled to Nob, David dwelled in Gath; he pretended to be insane, but
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Abimelech
ABIMELECH (Hebrew, “the king is my father”)1. A Canaanite king of Gerar (Gen 20:1–18; 26:1–33). When Abraham pretended that Sarah was his sister and not his wife, Abimelech took her into his harem. The ruler was warned by God in a dream and delivered her back into Abraham’s keeping. Abraham subsequently
Achish
ACHISH The Philistine king of the city of Gath during the time of David; he is identified as the king of Gath in 1 Sam 27:2 and 1 Kgs 2:39. When he fled from Saul, David took refuge in Gath, but he was recognized as a dangerous military leader and pretended insanity to escape (1 Sam 21:10–13). David
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Abimelech
Abim´elech (father of the king), the name of several Philistine kings, was probably a common title of these kings, like that of Pharaoh among the Egyptians and that of Cæsar and Augustus among the Romans. Hence in the title of Ps. 34 the name of Abimelech is given to the king, who is called Achish in
Achish
A´chish (angry), a Philistine king of Gath, who in the title to the 34th Psalm is called Abimelech. David twice found a refuge with him when he fled from Saul. (b.c. 1061.) On the first occasion he was alarmed for his safety, feigned madness, and was sent away.
See also
Relatives
Maoch Father
Roles
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