Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
An Ammonite general who spoke favorably about Israel before Holofernes, the Assyrian general (Judith 5:5–21). Holofernes handed over to the Israelites at Bethulia (Judith 6:1–11), who received him with honors. He was circumcised and joined Israel (Judith 14:10).
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The Lexham Bible Dictionary
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
ACHIOR (PERSON) [Gk Achiōr (Ἀχιωρ)]. Achior the Ammonite appears only in Judith, in which he plays a prominent role as a gentile who embraces Judaism. He was among the leaders of Israel’s neighbors whom Holofernes, general of Nebuchadnezzar, had summoned to inform him about the Israelite nation, who
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
ACHIOR The book of Judith introduces Achior as “leader of all the Ammonites” (5:5). The main part of Judith 5 is devoted to Achior’s version of the history of Israel and culminates in his warning Holofernes that God would protect Israel. At this the hearers threatened to tear him limb from limb. Holofernes
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Achior (Gk. Achiōr)An Ammonite commander under the Assyrian general Holofernes who attempted to dissuade his commander from attacking the Israelites (Jdt. 5:5–21). Holofernes’ officers disregarded Achior’s “deuteronomistic” interpretation of history and instead threatened him with death (Jdt. 5:22–23).
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Catholic Bible Dictionary
ACHIOR According to Jdt 5:5–21, the commander of the Ammonites. Achior served under the general Holofernes and attempted to dissuade him from launching a campaign against the Israelites by recounting the conquest of Canaan and the acts of favor shown to the Israelites by God. Holofernes and his officers
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Volume 1, A–C
Achior ay′kee-ohr (Ἀχίωρ, possibly representing Heb. אֲחִיאוֹר, “brother of light”). An Ammonite chief captain who, after giving a favorable report on the Israelites to Holofernes, the commander of the Assyrians, was left bound in Israelite territory. When Judith later showed Achior the severed head
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
All the People in the Bible: An A–Z Guide to the Saints, Scoundrels, and Other Characters in Scripture
The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volumes 1–5
ACHIOR ay´kee-ohr [Ἀχιώρ Achiōr]. In the book of Judith, the commander of the Ammonite army who is abandoned as a traitor by the Assyrians and taken captive by the people of Bethulia. A “righteous Gentile,” Achior rehearses Jewish history and theology in impressive detail (Jdt 5:5–21), sides with the