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Accuser
Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary.
The Hebrew noun שָׂטָן‎ (satan) means “adversary” or “accuser.” The term appears in Job 1–2 as a title for a heavenly being who has some sort of prosecutorial or adversarial role in the heavenly court (Job 1:6–9, 12; 2:1–7; compare Zech 3:1). The word can also be used in a general sense for an accuser in a human legal context (e.g., Psa 109:6) or for a military or political enemy (e.g., 1 Sam 29:4; 1 Kgs 5:18). By the New Testament, the Hebrew word satan has come into Greek as Σᾰτάν (Sătan), a name for the devil (e.g., Luke 13:16). This being’s role as an accuser is mentioned once in the NT where Satan is called ὁ κατήγωρ (ho katēgōr, “the accuser”; Rev 12:9–10). For further information, see these articles: Satan; Satan in the Second Temple Period; Devil.
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Accuser
Accuser (שָׂטָן‎, satan; κατήγωρ, katēgōr). The Hebrew noun שָׂטָן‎ (satan) means “adversary” or “accuser.” The term appears in Job 1–2 as a title for a heavenly being who has some sort of prosecutorial or adversarial role in the heavenly court (Job 1:6–9, 12; 2:1–7; compare Zech 3:1). The word can also
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Accuser
Accuser [Heb. šāp̱aṭ (in poel part; see BDB, p. 1048)] (Job 9:15); AV JUDGE; [Heb. śāṭan—‘adversary’] (Ps. 71:13; 109:6, 20, 29,); AV SATAN, ADVERSARY; NEB also TRADUCER; [GK. katé̄goros] (Acts 23:30, 35; 24:8; 25:16, 18; Rev. 12:10); [GK. antídikos—‘opponent at law’] (Mt. 5:25; Lk. 12:58);
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Accuser
ACCUSER1. A human accuser, plaintiff in any lawsuit (Gr. katēgoros, (Jn 8:10; Acts 23:30, 35; 24:8; 25:18); an opponent in court or in general (Gr. antidikos, (Mt 5:25) RSV; (Lk 12:58; 18:3); “false accuser” (Gr. diabolos, (2 Tim 3:3; Tit 2:3).2. Satan (the adversary, (1 Pet 5:8) is an accuser of
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Accuser
Accuser (Heb. s̆āp̱aṭ). While usually an accuser is an adversary in a law court (e.g., Job 9:15; KJV, NIV, JB “judge”), in two New Testament passages the term assumes a more special sense. At John 5:45 the Lord states that it is Moses (rather than himself) who accuses (Gk. katēgoréō) the
The New Unger’s Bible Dictionary
Accuser
ACCUSER (Heb. shāpaṭ “judge”; śāṭān “adversary”; in the NT, Gk. katēgoros, “prosecutor”).1. One who has a cause or matter of contention; the accuser, opponent, or plaintiff in any suit (Judg. 12:2; Matt. 5:25; Luke 12:58).2. In Scripture, in a general sense, an adversary or enemy (Luke 18:3;
Easton’s Bible Dictionary
Accuser
AccuserSatan is styled the “accuser of the brethren” (Rev. 12:10. Comp. Job 1:6; Zech. 3:1), as seeking to uphold his influence among men by bringing false charges against Christians, with the view of weakening their influence and injuring the cause with which they are identified. He was regarded by
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
ACCUSER
ACCUSER<a-kuz’-er>: This word, not found in the Old Testament, is the rendering of two Greek words:1. [Κατήγοπος, kategoros], that is, a prosecutor, or plaintiff in a lawsuit, or one who speaks in a derogatory way of another (Acts 23:30, 35; 25:16, 18; Revelation 12:10);2. [Διάβολος, diabolos],
Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Accuser
ACCUSER Legal term describing a person who claims another is guilty of a crime or a moral offense. The Hebrew word for accuser is Satan (cp. Ps. 109:6 in various translations). False accusation called for serious punishment (Deut. 19:15–21). The psalmist prayed for judgment against his accusers (Ps.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Volumes 1–5
Accuser
ACCUSER, a-kūzʹēr: This word, not found in the OT, is the rendering of two Gr words: (1) Κατήγορος, katḗgoros, that is, a prosecutor, or plaintiff in a lawsuit, or one who speaks in a derogatory way of another (Acts 23:30, 35; 25:16, 18; Rev 12:10); (2) Διάβολος, diábolos, meaning adversary or