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Acco
Dictionaries
The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Acco
Acco (Ἀκχώ, Akchō; עַכּוֹ‎, akko). A major port city located in Palestine. It is mentioned in the Old Testament only as a place where the tribe of Asher failed to drive out the inhabitants (Judg 1:31). It became known as Ptolemais during the Hellenistic period (Acts 21:7).
Ummah
Ummah (עֻמָּה‎, ummah). A city allotted to the tribe of Asher (Josh 19:30). The mention of the much more familiar city of Acco in parallel lists (e.g., Judg 1:31) suggests the possibility of a copying mistake in the name because the spellings in Hebrew are very similar. The city is otherwise unidentifiable.
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Acco (Place)
ACCO (PLACE) [Heb ʿakkô (עַכֹּו)]. Var. PTOLEMAIS. One of the most prominent coastal cities in Canaan, mentioned only once in the OT in connection with the tribe of Asher’s inability to drive out its inhabitants (Judg 1:31). On the basis of various Gk mss, it has been suggested that in Josh 19:30 Ummah
Ummah (Place)
UMMAH (PLACE) [Heb ʿumâ (עֻמָה)]. A town in the tribal allotment of Asher (Josh 19:30). Most scholars consider the name Ummah as an error for Acco, a major town which is absent from Asher’s list here, but appears in Asher’s list of “Conquest Lacunae” (cities that the respective tribe did not manage
Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible
Acco, Accho
Acco, Accho. Major Palestinian port city from the earliest Canaanite period. The only clear OT reference to Acco is the statement that at the time of Israel’s conquest of Canaan, Asher’s tribe failed to drive out its inhabitants (Jgs 1:31, kjv Accho). Acco is frequently mentioned in Middle and New Kingdom
Ptolemais
Ptolemais. Alternate name for Acco, a city in northern Palestine, in Acts 21:7.See Acco, Accho.
Ummah
Ummah. One of the villages inherited by Asher’s tribe after the conquest of Canaan (Jos 19:30). Neither the location of Ummah nor the accompanying villages (Aphek and Rehob) are known.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Acco
Acco akʹō [Heb. ‘akkô; Gk. Akchō] (Jgs. 1:31); AV ACCHO. A town on the Syrian coast a few miles N of Carmel; later known as Ptolemais (GK. [Akē] Ptolemais); the modern ‘Akka, Akko, or Acre. It is situated on a small promontory on the north side of a broad bay that lies between it and the modern
Ptolemais
Ptolemais tōl-ə-māʹəs [Gk. Ptolemais] (1 Macc. 5:15, 22, 55; 10:1, 39, 56–58, 60; 11:22, 24; 12:45, 48; 13:12; 2 Macc. 13:24f.; Acts 21:7). A town on the northern coast of Palestine, also called Acco. Paul stopped there on his return from his third missionary journey (Acts 21:1–7).
Ummah
Ummah umʹə [Heb. ʾumâ; LXX A Amma, B Archob] (Josh. 19:30); NEB ACCO. A town situated in the tribal territory of Asher. Since Acco is not mentioned in this list (cf. Jgs. 1:31), it is generally believed that Ummah is an error for Acco (cf. NEB); this reading is supported by several LXX MSS that have
Tyndale Bible Dictionary
Accho, Acco
ACCHO*, ACCO Major Palestinian port city from the earliest Canaanite period. The only clear OT reference to Acco is the statement that at the time of Israel’s conquest of Canaan, Asher’s tribe failed to drive out its inhabitants (Jgs 1:31). Acco is frequently mentioned in Middle and New Kingdom Egyptian
Ptolemais
PTOLEMAIS Alternate name for Acco, a city in northern Palestine, in Acts 21:7. See Accho, Acco.
Ummah
UMMAH One of the villages inherited by Asher’s tribe after the conquest of Canaan (Jos 19:30). Neither the location of Ummah nor the accompanying villages (Aphek and Rehob) are known.
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
Acco
Acco (ak´oh; also Accho, Acre, Tell Acco, Tell el-Fukhhar, Ptolemais), one of the great port cities of antiquity along the Via Maris, on the northern edge of Haifa Bay. There are few direct biblical references to Acco, despite numerous other textual references (e.g., in Execration and Amarna texts, Josephus’s
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
Accho
ACCHO. A town on a promontory across the bay to the N from Haifa and Mount Carmel. Furnishing the best anchorage in the area, it long commanded the approach to the rich plains of Esdraelon and the coast road to the N. Though within the territory of Asher, it was not conquered by the Hebrews (Jdg 1:31).
Ummah
UMMAH. One of the cities belonging to the tribe of Asher (Josh 19:30). Its location is unknown unless one follows the indication of a few LXX MSS which identify it with Accho (q.v.).
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
Acco
Acco (Heb. ʿakkô)A Levantine coastal city identified with modern Tell el-Fukhkhâr/Tel Acco (1585.2585), a 200-dunam tell some 700 m. (2300 ft.) inland. Its importance as a major economic and political center may be attributed to its location at the junction of both maritime and overland trade routes
Ptolemais
Ptolemais (Gk. Ptolemaɩ̈s)An important city on the Mediterranean coast (modern Tel Acco/Tell el-Fukhkhar; 1585.2585). Known first as Acco, the city is mentioned in a number of extrabiblical sources including the Egyptian Middle Kingdom Execration Texts, the Amarna Letters, the temple at Karnak, and
Ummah
Ummah (Heb. ʿummâ)A city in the tribal territory of Asher (Josh. 19:30). Ummah may be a scribal error for “Acco” (Heb. ʿakkô; the consonants kaph and mem were written similarly and thus easily confused), a significant Canaanite town missing from Joshua’s list (Josh. 19:24–31; cf. Judg. 1:31).
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Acco
Acco [ăkˊō] (Heb. ˓akkô). A major port on the Mediterranean north of Mt. Carmel, strategically located on the sea route through the coastal plain known as the plain of Acco. Its natural bay was sheltered by mountains on the east and south (Mt. Carmel), and a branch of the Belus river was nearby.
Ptolemais
Ptolemais [tŏlˊə māˊĭs] (Gk. Ptolemaïs).† Another name for the ancient southern Phoenician city of Acco. Renamed Ptolemais in honor of Ptolemy II Philadelphus (285–246 B.C.), the city fell under Seleucid control in 210 B.C. It became a Roman colony at the time of Emperor Claudius (A.D. 41–54).
Ummah
Ummah [ŭmˊə] (Heb. ˓ummâ). A city in the tribal territory of Asher (Josh. 19:30). Ummah may be a scribal error for “Acco” (Heb. ˓akkô; the consonants kaph and mem were written similarly and thus easily confused), a significant Canaanite town missing from Joshua’s list (vv. 24–31; cf. Judg.
The Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land
Acco
ACCO Extensive excavations were begun at Tell Acco in 1973 on behalf of the University of Haifa and a number of universities in Germany, Denmark and the USA, under the direction of M. Dothan.Remains of the earliest city, dating to the Early Bronze Age I, were discovered directly on kurkar bedrock in
Catholic Bible Dictionary
Acco
ACCO A Syrian seaport on the Mediterranean, north of Mount Carmel; best known now for the medieval fortress of Acre. While Acco is mentioned only sporadically in the Bible, its prominence is attested by other ancient sources.Acco was founded by the Canaanites, but it later passed to the Phoenicians.
Ummah
UMMAH A town in the territory of Asher (Josh 19:30). It may be the same as the coastal city of Acco.