The Lexham Bible Dictionary
Abyss (ἀβυσσος, abyssos). Used in the New Testament to refer to the abode of demons and/or the dead (Luke 8:31; Rom 10:7).
The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary
Abyss, the
ABYSS, THE [Gk abyssos (ἀβυσσος)]. “Bottomless,” “unfathomed,” or “unfathomable deep”; with the feminine article, it signifies “the deep” or “the underworld.” The term occurs at least 34 times in the LXX, where in 30 instances it renders Heb. tĕhôm (or its plural); once for mĕṣûlâ, depths (Job
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised
Abyss [GK. hē ábyssos] (Lk. 8:31; Rom. 10:7); AV THE DEEP; BOTTOMLESS PIT [GK. tó phréar té̄s abýssou (Rev. 9:1f), hē ábyssos (9:11; 11:7; 17:8; 20:1, 3)]; NEB “shaft of the abyss,” “abyss.” According to primitive Semitic cosmogony the earth was supposed to rest on a vast body of water which
The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (Revised and Updated)
abyss, a term employed in the nt for the abode of the dead (Rom. 10:7) and for the place where evil spirits are confined (Luke 8:31). In the book of Revelation, the term is translated “bottomless pit” in the nrsv (9:1–11; 11:7; 17:8; 20:1–3). The word also occurs in Tob. 13:2 and in Sir. 1:3; 16:8; 24:5,
The Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia
ABYSS (lit., “no bottom”). This word appears only nine times in the NT. It is translated seven times as “the bottomless pit” (Rev 9:1, 2, 11; 11:7; 17:8; 20:1, 3). In two other occurrences the rendering is “the deep” (Lk 8:31; Rom 10:7).The NT usage apparently grew out of its frequent usage in the Septuagint.
The New Bible Dictionary, Third Edition
ABYSS. The Greek word abyssos (‘bottomless [pit]’, ‘deep’) appears 9 times in the NT. It is translated in rsv as ‘abyss’ (the abode of demons, Lk. 8:31; the place of the dead, Rom. 10:7) and ‘bottomless pit’ (the place of torment, Rev. 9:1–2, 11; 11:7; 17:8; 20:1, 3). lxx renders Heb. tehôm, ‘deep place’,
Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible
AbyssAlthough in English translations of the OT “abyss” is rarely used (cf. Gen. 1:2 NEB, NAB), Gk. ábyssos (“primal ocean” or “world of the dead”) appears frequently in the LXX as a translation of Heb. tĕhôm, “waters of the deep.” Tĕhôm, treated as a proper name, derives from the same Semitic
Eerdmans Bible Dictionary
Abyss (Gk. ábyssos). While the precise term occurs only in the New Testament, the LXX so translates its Old Testament equivalent, Heb. tehôm “the deep,” “the primeval ocean.” According to the ancient Semitic cosmogony, this was a vast body of water below the earth (cf. Exod. 20:4) from which
Catholic Bible Dictionary
ABYSS Also “the deep,” “depth of the sea,” or “bottomless pit.” These terms are used primarily to mean a great depth (Wis 10:19; Job 38:16). The Greek abyssos is used some thirty times in the Septuagint as an equivalent of the Hebrew těhôm (“waters of the deep”), and in other senses to imply deep places
Dictionary of the Later New Testament & Its Developments
Hell, Abyss, Eternal Punishment
Hell, Abyss, Eternal PunishmentA belief in divine punishment after death was widespread in Jewish and Greco-Roman thought. In our literature one finds the specific expectation of everlasting torment by the one righteous God, directed against all who are outside of Christ. The canon of Scripture and
Key passages
Ge 1:2

Now the earth was formless and empty, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the surface of the waters.

Lk 8:31

And they began imploring him that he would not order them to depart into the abyss.

Ro 10:7

or “Who will descend into the abyss?” (that is, to bring Christ up from the dead).

Re 9:1–11

And the fifth angel blew the trumpet, and I saw a star that had fallen from heaven to the earth, and the key of the shaft of the abyss was given to him. And he opened the shaft of the abyss, and smoke went up from the shaft like smoke from a great furnace, and the …